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Article: Perceived discrimination and depression among new migrants to Hong Kong: The moderating role of social support and neighborhood collective efficacy

TitlePerceived discrimination and depression among new migrants to Hong Kong: The moderating role of social support and neighborhood collective efficacy
Authors
KeywordsCollective Efficacy
Depression
Perceived Discrimination
Social Support
Issue Date2012
PublisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jad
Citation
Journal Of Affective Disorders, 2012, v. 138 n. 1-2, p. 63-70 How to Cite?
Abstract
Background: Although it is well known that perceived discrimination is a risk factor contributing to depressive symptoms among immigrants, most previous studies (1) did not distinguish between discrimination based on immigrant status and race and (2) used cross-sectional data. Aims: To address these limitations, the present study examined whether perceived discrimination affects depressive symptomatology in a representative sample of newly arrived immigrants from Mainland China to Hong Kong using longitudinal data over a period of one year. Methods: A representative sample of 347 migrants aged 18 and older were interviewed face to face in 2007 and 2008. The 20-item Center for Epidemiology Studies of Depression (CES-D) scale was used to measure depressive symptoms and a series of sociodemographic questions (age, gender, marital status, education, and personal income), stress due to perceived discrimination, social support, and neighborhood collective efficacy were also included. Results: Perceived discrimination was significantly associated with depressive symptoms one year later, after adjusting for depressive symptoms at baseline assessment, sociodemographic characteristics, social support, and neighborhood collective efficacy. Moreover, both social support and neighborhood collective efficacy moderated the effect of perceived discrimination on depressive symptoms. Conclusions: Perceived discrimination is a common experience for new Mainland immigrants to Hong Kong, and it predicts depressive symptoms. Therefore, interventions that reduce discrimination and strengthen social support and neighborhood collective efficacy should be designed and implemented to improve the mental health of new immigrants in Hong Kong. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/172290
ISSN
2013 Impact Factor: 3.705
2013 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.847
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

Author Affiliations
  1. The University of Hong Kong
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChou, KLen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-30T06:21:11Z-
dc.date.available2012-10-30T06:21:11Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Affective Disorders, 2012, v. 138 n. 1-2, p. 63-70en_US
dc.identifier.issn0165-0327en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/172290-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Although it is well known that perceived discrimination is a risk factor contributing to depressive symptoms among immigrants, most previous studies (1) did not distinguish between discrimination based on immigrant status and race and (2) used cross-sectional data. Aims: To address these limitations, the present study examined whether perceived discrimination affects depressive symptomatology in a representative sample of newly arrived immigrants from Mainland China to Hong Kong using longitudinal data over a period of one year. Methods: A representative sample of 347 migrants aged 18 and older were interviewed face to face in 2007 and 2008. The 20-item Center for Epidemiology Studies of Depression (CES-D) scale was used to measure depressive symptoms and a series of sociodemographic questions (age, gender, marital status, education, and personal income), stress due to perceived discrimination, social support, and neighborhood collective efficacy were also included. Results: Perceived discrimination was significantly associated with depressive symptoms one year later, after adjusting for depressive symptoms at baseline assessment, sociodemographic characteristics, social support, and neighborhood collective efficacy. Moreover, both social support and neighborhood collective efficacy moderated the effect of perceived discrimination on depressive symptoms. Conclusions: Perceived discrimination is a common experience for new Mainland immigrants to Hong Kong, and it predicts depressive symptoms. Therefore, interventions that reduce discrimination and strengthen social support and neighborhood collective efficacy should be designed and implemented to improve the mental health of new immigrants in Hong Kong. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jaden_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Affective Disordersen_US
dc.subjectCollective Efficacyen_US
dc.subjectDepressionen_US
dc.subjectPerceived Discriminationen_US
dc.subjectSocial Supporten_US
dc.titlePerceived discrimination and depression among new migrants to Hong Kong: The moderating role of social support and neighborhood collective efficacyen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailChou, KL: klchou@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityChou, KL=rp00583en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jad.2011.12.029en_US
dc.identifier.pmid22284018-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84858280333en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-84858280333&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume138en_US
dc.identifier.issue1-2en_US
dc.identifier.spage63en_US
dc.identifier.epage70en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000302976100009-
dc.publisher.placeNetherlandsen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChou, KL=7201905320en_US
dc.identifier.citeulike10294829-

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