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Article: The association between social isolation and DSM-IV mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders: Wave 2 of the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions
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TitleThe association between social isolation and DSM-IV mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders: Wave 2 of the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions
 
AuthorsChou, KL2
Liang, K2
Sareen, J1
 
Issue Date2011
 
PublisherPhysicians Postgraduate Press, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.psychiatrist.com
 
CitationJournal Of Clinical Psychiatry, 2011, v. 72 n. 11, p. 1468-1476 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/JCP.10m06019gry
 
AbstractObjective: The objective of this study is to document the prevalence of social isolation from close friends and religious group members and to test the association of having infrequently contacted close friends and members of religious groups with the current DSM-IV mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders. Method: We conducted a secondary data analysis based on a cross-sectional, population-based study conducted in 2004-2005 that consists of a nationally representative sample of 34,653 American community-dwelling adults aged 18 years and older. Mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders were assessed using the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-DSM-IV version. Due to missing values for social network characteristics, we focused on 33,368 subjects in this study. Results: We found that many Americans lacked frequently contacted close friends (10.1%; 95% CI, 9.6%-10.6%) or religious group members (58.7%; 95% CI, 57.5%-59.9%) in their social network. After adjusting for sociodemographic variables, lifetime diagnosis of the disorder in question, and social isolation in terms of 10 other social ties, we found that the absence of close friends was associated (P < .01) with an increased risk of major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, social phobia, and generalized anxiety disorder; the absence of frequently contacted religious group members in a network was positively related (P < .01) to alcohol abuse and dependence, drug abuse, and nicotine dependence. Conclusions: These results suggest that social isolation is common in the United States and is associated with a higher risk of mental health problems. Results provide valuable information for prevention and treatment. © Copyright 2011 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.
 
ISSN0160-6689
2013 Impact Factor: 5.139
2013 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.258
 
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.4088/JCP.10m06019gry
 
ISI Accession Number IDWOS:000297567700005
 
ReferencesReferences in Scopus
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorChou, KL
 
dc.contributor.authorLiang, K
 
dc.contributor.authorSareen, J
 
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-30T06:21:07Z
 
dc.date.available2012-10-30T06:21:07Z
 
dc.date.issued2011
 
dc.description.abstractObjective: The objective of this study is to document the prevalence of social isolation from close friends and religious group members and to test the association of having infrequently contacted close friends and members of religious groups with the current DSM-IV mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders. Method: We conducted a secondary data analysis based on a cross-sectional, population-based study conducted in 2004-2005 that consists of a nationally representative sample of 34,653 American community-dwelling adults aged 18 years and older. Mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders were assessed using the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-DSM-IV version. Due to missing values for social network characteristics, we focused on 33,368 subjects in this study. Results: We found that many Americans lacked frequently contacted close friends (10.1%; 95% CI, 9.6%-10.6%) or religious group members (58.7%; 95% CI, 57.5%-59.9%) in their social network. After adjusting for sociodemographic variables, lifetime diagnosis of the disorder in question, and social isolation in terms of 10 other social ties, we found that the absence of close friends was associated (P < .01) with an increased risk of major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, social phobia, and generalized anxiety disorder; the absence of frequently contacted religious group members in a network was positively related (P < .01) to alcohol abuse and dependence, drug abuse, and nicotine dependence. Conclusions: These results suggest that social isolation is common in the United States and is associated with a higher risk of mental health problems. Results provide valuable information for prevention and treatment. © Copyright 2011 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.
 
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext
 
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Clinical Psychiatry, 2011, v. 72 n. 11, p. 1468-1476 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/JCP.10m06019gry
 
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.4088/JCP.10m06019gry
 
dc.identifier.epage1476
 
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000297567700005
 
dc.identifier.issn0160-6689
2013 Impact Factor: 5.139
2013 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.258
 
dc.identifier.issue11
 
dc.identifier.pmid21295001
 
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-81755162089
 
dc.identifier.spage1468
 
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/172275
 
dc.identifier.volume72
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherPhysicians Postgraduate Press, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.psychiatrist.com
 
dc.publisher.placeUnited States
 
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Clinical Psychiatry
 
dc.relation.referencesReferences in Scopus
 
dc.subject.meshAdult
 
dc.subject.meshAged
 
dc.subject.meshAnxiety Disorders - Diagnosis - Epidemiology
 
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studies
 
dc.subject.meshDiagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders
 
dc.subject.meshFemale
 
dc.subject.meshHealth Surveys
 
dc.subject.meshHumans
 
dc.subject.meshMale
 
dc.subject.meshMiddle Aged
 
dc.subject.meshMood Disorders - Diagnosis - Epidemiology
 
dc.subject.meshQuestionnaires
 
dc.subject.meshSocial Isolation - Psychology
 
dc.subject.meshSocial Support
 
dc.subject.meshSubstance-Related Disorders - Diagnosis - Epidemiology
 
dc.subject.meshUnited States - Epidemiology
 
dc.subject.meshYoung Adult
 
dc.titleThe association between social isolation and DSM-IV mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders: Wave 2 of the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions
 
dc.typeArticle
 
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Author Affiliations
  1. University of Manitoba
  2. The University of Hong Kong