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Article: Pre-migration planning and depression among new migrants to Hong Kong: The moderating role of social support

TitlePre-migration planning and depression among new migrants to Hong Kong: The moderating role of social support
Authors
Issue Date2009
PublisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jad
Citation
Journal Of Affective Disorders, 2009, v. 114 n. 1-3, p. 85-93 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: Although it is a well-known fact that migration is a risk factor contributing to psychopathology, little is known about how pre-migration factors may lead to depression among migrants. The present study examined the relationship between poorly planned migration and depressive symptoms, and evaluated the moderating roles of optimism, sense of control, and social support in the relationship between pre-migration planning and depression among new immigrants from Mainland China to Hong Kong. Methods: A representative sample of 449 migrants aged 18 and above were interviewed in 2007 using a face-to-face format. The 20-item Center for Epidemiological Studies of Depression (CES-D) scale was used to measure depressive symptoms, and a series of questions regarding socio-demographic characteristics (age, gender, marital status, education, and household income), optimism, sense of control, and social support were also included. Results: A total of 26.5% of our sample scored 16 or above on the CES-D scale, which indicated a clinically significant case of depression. Poor migration planning was significantly related to CES-D scores after adjusting for all socio-demographic variables and three psycho-social factors. In addition, optimism, sense of control, and social support were also significantly related to the CES-D score. It was also found that social support reduced the harmful impact of poor migration planning on depressive symptoms. Conclusions: New immigrants to Hong Kong from Mainland China are at risk for depressive symptoms, especially those who are not well prepared for migration; therefore, prevention measures, particularly strengthening their social support in Hong Kong, should be considered seriously by policy makers. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/172213
ISSN
2014 Impact Factor: 3.383
2013 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.847
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChou, KLen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-30T06:20:43Z-
dc.date.available2012-10-30T06:20:43Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Affective Disorders, 2009, v. 114 n. 1-3, p. 85-93en_US
dc.identifier.issn0165-0327en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/172213-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Although it is a well-known fact that migration is a risk factor contributing to psychopathology, little is known about how pre-migration factors may lead to depression among migrants. The present study examined the relationship between poorly planned migration and depressive symptoms, and evaluated the moderating roles of optimism, sense of control, and social support in the relationship between pre-migration planning and depression among new immigrants from Mainland China to Hong Kong. Methods: A representative sample of 449 migrants aged 18 and above were interviewed in 2007 using a face-to-face format. The 20-item Center for Epidemiological Studies of Depression (CES-D) scale was used to measure depressive symptoms, and a series of questions regarding socio-demographic characteristics (age, gender, marital status, education, and household income), optimism, sense of control, and social support were also included. Results: A total of 26.5% of our sample scored 16 or above on the CES-D scale, which indicated a clinically significant case of depression. Poor migration planning was significantly related to CES-D scores after adjusting for all socio-demographic variables and three psycho-social factors. In addition, optimism, sense of control, and social support were also significantly related to the CES-D score. It was also found that social support reduced the harmful impact of poor migration planning on depressive symptoms. Conclusions: New immigrants to Hong Kong from Mainland China are at risk for depressive symptoms, especially those who are not well prepared for migration; therefore, prevention measures, particularly strengthening their social support in Hong Kong, should be considered seriously by policy makers. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jaden_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Affective Disordersen_US
dc.rightsJournal of Affective Disorders. Copyright © Elsevier BV.-
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten_US
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshChina - Ethnologyen_US
dc.subject.meshDepression - Diagnosis - Epidemiology - Etiology - Prevention & Control - Psychologyen_US
dc.subject.meshEmigration And Immigrationen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHong Kong - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshLife Change Eventsen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_US
dc.subject.meshPsychiatric Status Rating Scalesen_US
dc.subject.meshQuestionnairesen_US
dc.subject.meshRegression Analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshRisk Factorsen_US
dc.subject.meshSocial Supporten_US
dc.subject.meshSocioeconomic Factorsen_US
dc.subject.meshStress, Psychological - Epidemiology - Etiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshYoung Adulten_US
dc.titlePre-migration planning and depression among new migrants to Hong Kong: The moderating role of social supporten_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailChou, KL: klchou@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityChou, KL=rp00583en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jad.2008.06.005en_US
dc.identifier.pmid18625520-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-59649124247en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros159453-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-59649124247&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume114en_US
dc.identifier.issue1-3en_US
dc.identifier.spage85en_US
dc.identifier.epage93en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000264223900009-
dc.publisher.placeNetherlandsen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChou, KL=7201905320en_US

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