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Article: Selective attention biases of people with depression: Positive and negative priming of depression-related information

TitleSelective attention biases of people with depression: Positive and negative priming of depression-related information
Authors
Issue Date2009
PublisherElsevier Ireland Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/psychres
Citation
Psychiatry Research, 2009, v. 165 n. 3, p. 241-251 How to Cite?
AbstractSelective attention biases are believed to be one of the cognitive vulnerabilities to depression. This study examined two types of attention biases, namely attention facilitation and attention disinhibition, towards mood-congruent words in 40 clinically depressed outpatients and 40 never-depressed healthy controls. Measures were differential reaction time towards neutral and depressive words in the positive and negative priming paradigms that were used to assess attention facilitation and attention disinhibition, respectively. Results showed that the depressed group exhibited enhanced attention facilitation to depressive words relative to neutral words, whereas the control group did not. The differential reduction of reaction time of the depressed group to the previously presented depressive words relative to the previously presented neutral words was greater than that in the control group. On the other hand, both groups showed similar attention disinhibition to depressive words relative to neutral words. The differential increase in reaction time to previously ignored depressive words relative to the previously ignored neutral words was similar in both groups. The above results suggest that major depressive disorder is characterized by attention facilitation by mood-congruent information, but inhibition difficulties in attention to depression-related information is not specific to depressive disorder. © 2007 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/172212
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.466
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.235
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLeung, KKen_US
dc.contributor.authorLee, TMCen_US
dc.contributor.authorYip, Pen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, LSWen_US
dc.contributor.authorWong, MMCen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-30T06:20:43Z-
dc.date.available2012-10-30T06:20:43Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.identifier.citationPsychiatry Research, 2009, v. 165 n. 3, p. 241-251en_US
dc.identifier.issn0165-1781en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/172212-
dc.description.abstractSelective attention biases are believed to be one of the cognitive vulnerabilities to depression. This study examined two types of attention biases, namely attention facilitation and attention disinhibition, towards mood-congruent words in 40 clinically depressed outpatients and 40 never-depressed healthy controls. Measures were differential reaction time towards neutral and depressive words in the positive and negative priming paradigms that were used to assess attention facilitation and attention disinhibition, respectively. Results showed that the depressed group exhibited enhanced attention facilitation to depressive words relative to neutral words, whereas the control group did not. The differential reduction of reaction time of the depressed group to the previously presented depressive words relative to the previously presented neutral words was greater than that in the control group. On the other hand, both groups showed similar attention disinhibition to depressive words relative to neutral words. The differential increase in reaction time to previously ignored depressive words relative to the previously ignored neutral words was similar in both groups. The above results suggest that major depressive disorder is characterized by attention facilitation by mood-congruent information, but inhibition difficulties in attention to depression-related information is not specific to depressive disorder. © 2007 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherElsevier Ireland Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/psychresen_US
dc.relation.ispartofPsychiatry Researchen_US
dc.rightsPsychiatry Research . Copyright © Elsevier Ireland Ltd.-
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshAffecten_US
dc.subject.meshAttentionen_US
dc.subject.meshDepression - Psychologyen_US
dc.subject.meshDisclosureen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_US
dc.subject.meshReaction Timeen_US
dc.subject.meshVocabularyen_US
dc.subject.meshYoung Adulten_US
dc.titleSelective attention biases of people with depression: Positive and negative priming of depression-related informationen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailLee, TMC: tmclee@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailYip, P: sfpyip@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLee, TMC=rp00564en_US
dc.identifier.authorityYip, P=rp00596en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.psychres.2007.10.022en_US
dc.identifier.pmid19168227en_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-59349088804en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros154450-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-59349088804&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume165en_US
dc.identifier.issue3en_US
dc.identifier.spage241en_US
dc.identifier.epage251en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000264050700005-
dc.publisher.placeIrelanden_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLeung, KK=23493091300en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLee, TMC=7501437381en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYip, P=7102503720en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLi, LSW=8141043300en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, MMC=25960495800en_US

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