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Article: The impact of the changing marital structure on fertility of Hong Kong SAR (Special Administrative Region)

TitleThe impact of the changing marital structure on fertility of Hong Kong SAR (Special Administrative Region)
Authors
Issue Date2002
PublisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/socscimed
Citation
Social Science And Medicine, 2002, v. 55 n. 12, p. 2159-2169 How to Cite?
AbstractHong Kong SAR has experienced an especially rapid fall in fertility over the course of just two decades. The total fertility rate (TFR) fell steadily from the replacement level (i.e. two children per woman) to 0.83 in 1999, which is the lowest in the world. (United Nations Population Division. Replacement migration: is it a solution to declining and ageing populations? United Nations, New York, 2000.) An important question is whether the dramatic decline in the TFR results from a decline in the fertility of married women or from changes in the proportion ever married. Are married women having fewer children, or are there simply fewer married women of prime childbearing age? In this paper, the effects of the changing marital structure on the conventional TFR are identified so that the underlying trends in fertility can be assessed. The study shows that the large decline in the TFR between 1981 and 1999 was in great part distorted by tempo effects, distortions caused by changes in the timing of childbearing and the changing marital structure. Without the distortion induced by the decreasing proportion of women marrying in the prime childbearing years, the decline in fertility was essentially less significant over the 20-year period. A continuation in the downward trend in the proportion married is a strong probability in the light of marriage habits prevalent among the population. This will exert a continuing downward driving force on the TFR. Hong Kong will experience its fertility rate decline further in the short to medium term. The study investigates the effect of long-lasting below-replacement level fertility with a view to gaining some analytical insight into the situation should the population experience such a striking demographic process. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/172067
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.814
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.894
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYip, PSFen_US
dc.contributor.authorLee, Jen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-30T06:19:54Z-
dc.date.available2012-10-30T06:19:54Z-
dc.date.issued2002en_US
dc.identifier.citationSocial Science And Medicine, 2002, v. 55 n. 12, p. 2159-2169en_US
dc.identifier.issn0277-9536en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/172067-
dc.description.abstractHong Kong SAR has experienced an especially rapid fall in fertility over the course of just two decades. The total fertility rate (TFR) fell steadily from the replacement level (i.e. two children per woman) to 0.83 in 1999, which is the lowest in the world. (United Nations Population Division. Replacement migration: is it a solution to declining and ageing populations? United Nations, New York, 2000.) An important question is whether the dramatic decline in the TFR results from a decline in the fertility of married women or from changes in the proportion ever married. Are married women having fewer children, or are there simply fewer married women of prime childbearing age? In this paper, the effects of the changing marital structure on the conventional TFR are identified so that the underlying trends in fertility can be assessed. The study shows that the large decline in the TFR between 1981 and 1999 was in great part distorted by tempo effects, distortions caused by changes in the timing of childbearing and the changing marital structure. Without the distortion induced by the decreasing proportion of women marrying in the prime childbearing years, the decline in fertility was essentially less significant over the 20-year period. A continuation in the downward trend in the proportion married is a strong probability in the light of marriage habits prevalent among the population. This will exert a continuing downward driving force on the TFR. Hong Kong will experience its fertility rate decline further in the short to medium term. The study investigates the effect of long-lasting below-replacement level fertility with a view to gaining some analytical insight into the situation should the population experience such a striking demographic process. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/socscimeden_US
dc.relation.ispartofSocial Science and Medicineen_US
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshBirth Intervalsen_US
dc.subject.meshBirth Rate - Trendsen_US
dc.subject.meshEmigration And Immigrationen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshForecastingen_US
dc.subject.meshHong Kong - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMarriage - Statistics & Numerical Data - Trendsen_US
dc.subject.meshMaternal Ageen_US
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_US
dc.subject.meshPopulation Dynamicsen_US
dc.subject.meshSocial Changeen_US
dc.titleThe impact of the changing marital structure on fertility of Hong Kong SAR (Special Administrative Region)en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailYip, PSF: sfpyip@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityYip, PSF=rp00596en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S0277-9536(01)00359-8en_US
dc.identifier.pmid12409129-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0036972983en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros82196-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0036972983&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume55en_US
dc.identifier.issue12en_US
dc.identifier.spage2159en_US
dc.identifier.epage2169en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000179363100008-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYip, PSF=7102503720en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLee, J=15745481800en_US

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