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Article: Urban/rural and gender differentials in suicide rates: East and West

TitleUrban/rural and gender differentials in suicide rates: East and West
Authors
Issue Date2000
PublisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jad
Citation
Journal Of Affective Disorders, 2000, v. 57 n. 1-3, p. 99-106 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: Many epidemiological studies indicate suicide rates are higher for males than females and for urban than rural. Here we re-examine gender, urban and rural differentials in suicide in Australia and Beijing (China). More specifically, to test the two hypotheses (i) that the male to female ratio is larger than one; (ii) that the urban suicide rate is higher than the rural in both places. Methods: Suicide data with information of gender, rural and urban regions for Australia and Beijing (China) for the period of 1991-1996 were used. Ratios between the gender-specific urban and rural suicides rates with the associated confidence intervals were constructed to examine gender, urban and rural differentials in Australia and Beijing. Results: The rural suicide rate in Beijing for both genders was higher than for their urban counterparts. Further, the elderly had the highest suicide rate followed by women aged 20-29. Also, the male to female ratio in China was less than one. In Australia, the rural male suicide rate was higher than the urban whereas the urban female suicide rate was higher than the rural. The male to female ratio was 4 to 1. The differences in rural to urban and male to female ratios between Australia and Beijing are statistically significant. Conclusions: In contrast to the west, male suicide rates are not higher than female rates in China. Urban rates are not necessarily higher than rural rates - not even in a western setting. Cultural factors and regional differences in socio-economic situation are significant in explaining the low gender ratio and the relatively higher suicide rates in rural China. Limitations: The suicide rate in the Beijing region might not exactly reflect the same for the whole of China. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/172038
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.57
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.927
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYip, PSFen_US
dc.contributor.authorCallanan, Cen_US
dc.contributor.authorYuen, HPen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-30T06:19:46Z-
dc.date.available2012-10-30T06:19:46Z-
dc.date.issued2000en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Affective Disorders, 2000, v. 57 n. 1-3, p. 99-106en_US
dc.identifier.issn0165-0327en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/172038-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Many epidemiological studies indicate suicide rates are higher for males than females and for urban than rural. Here we re-examine gender, urban and rural differentials in suicide in Australia and Beijing (China). More specifically, to test the two hypotheses (i) that the male to female ratio is larger than one; (ii) that the urban suicide rate is higher than the rural in both places. Methods: Suicide data with information of gender, rural and urban regions for Australia and Beijing (China) for the period of 1991-1996 were used. Ratios between the gender-specific urban and rural suicides rates with the associated confidence intervals were constructed to examine gender, urban and rural differentials in Australia and Beijing. Results: The rural suicide rate in Beijing for both genders was higher than for their urban counterparts. Further, the elderly had the highest suicide rate followed by women aged 20-29. Also, the male to female ratio in China was less than one. In Australia, the rural male suicide rate was higher than the urban whereas the urban female suicide rate was higher than the rural. The male to female ratio was 4 to 1. The differences in rural to urban and male to female ratios between Australia and Beijing are statistically significant. Conclusions: In contrast to the west, male suicide rates are not higher than female rates in China. Urban rates are not necessarily higher than rural rates - not even in a western setting. Cultural factors and regional differences in socio-economic situation are significant in explaining the low gender ratio and the relatively higher suicide rates in rural China. Limitations: The suicide rate in the Beijing region might not exactly reflect the same for the whole of China. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jaden_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Affective Disordersen_US
dc.rightsJournal of Affective Disorders. Copyright © Elsevier BV.-
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten_US
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshAgeden_US
dc.subject.meshAustralia - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshCatchment Area (Health)en_US
dc.subject.meshChina - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshCultureen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_US
dc.subject.meshRural Population - Statistics & Numerical Dataen_US
dc.subject.meshSex Factorsen_US
dc.subject.meshSocioeconomic Factorsen_US
dc.subject.meshSuicide - Statistics & Numerical Dataen_US
dc.subject.meshUrban Population - Statistics & Numerical Dataen_US
dc.titleUrban/rural and gender differentials in suicide rates: East and Westen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailYip, PSF: sfpyip@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityYip, PSF=rp00596en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S0165-0327(99)00058-0en_US
dc.identifier.pmid10708821-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0034598428en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros49238-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0034598428&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume57en_US
dc.identifier.issue1-3en_US
dc.identifier.spage99en_US
dc.identifier.epage106en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000086172600011-
dc.publisher.placeNetherlandsen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYip, PSF=7102503720en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCallanan, C=21736435000en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYuen, HP=7103253691en_US

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