File Download

There are no files associated with this item.

  Links for fulltext
     (May Require Subscription)
Supplementary

Article: Clinical and EEG features of various types of status epilepticus in childhood

TitleClinical and EEG features of various types of status epilepticus in childhood
Authors
KeywordsElectroencephalography
Seizures
Status Epilepticus
Issue Date2000
Citation
Chinese Journal Of Neurology, 2000, v. 33 n. 2, p. 73-76 How to Cite?
中華神經科雜誌, 2000, v. 33 n. 2, p. 73-76 How to Cite?
AbstractObjectives: To analyse the clinical and EEG features of various types of status epilepticus (SE) in childhood in order to recognize and manage SE in the early stage. Methods: The types of SE confirmed by video-EEG in 27 children were classified basing on seizure types. The effects of ages, etiology, brain developmental levels, provoked factors and responses to antiepileptic drugs (AED) on SE were analysed. Results: This group included most types of SE. There were 18 patients with symptomatic epilepsy, 9 with history of SE, and 2 with recent SE as the first epileptic seizure. Seventeen children had neurodevelopmental delayed occurrence prior to SE. The seizure frequency was more than 10 times a day in 22 children. Potential causes of SE were with drawing AED in 8 cases, acute non-central nervous system infection in 6 cases and hypocalcemia in one case. The onset of epilepsy and SE were significantly earlier in children with symptomatic epilepsy than those with cryptogenic or idiopathic epilepsy (P < 0.05). The clinical and EEG features were different depending on various etiologies in spite of having the same SE type. Intra venous injection of clonizepame was efficient to control SE in 11 of the 13 patients. Conclusions: The clinical and EEG features of SE were closely related to the ages of SE, the brain developmental levels, the etiology and epileptic syndromes. Most of SE had fluctuated clinical symptoms and EEG patterns. The high risk factors suggested developing SE included symptomatic epilepsy, neurodevelopment delay, markedly increased seizure frequency, suddenly changing or withdrawing of AED, complicating infection and metabolic disturbance. Intra venous injection of clonizepame had rapid and obvious effect on inhibiting abnormal discharges and improving clinical symptoms, and may help to diagnose nonconvulsive SE.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/170304
ISSN
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.103

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Xen_US
dc.contributor.authorWong, Ven_US
dc.contributor.authorQin, Jen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-30T06:07:22Z-
dc.date.available2012-10-30T06:07:22Z-
dc.date.issued2000en_US
dc.identifier.citationChinese Journal Of Neurology, 2000, v. 33 n. 2, p. 73-76en_US
dc.identifier.citation中華神經科雜誌, 2000, v. 33 n. 2, p. 73-76-
dc.identifier.issn1006-7876en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/170304-
dc.description.abstractObjectives: To analyse the clinical and EEG features of various types of status epilepticus (SE) in childhood in order to recognize and manage SE in the early stage. Methods: The types of SE confirmed by video-EEG in 27 children were classified basing on seizure types. The effects of ages, etiology, brain developmental levels, provoked factors and responses to antiepileptic drugs (AED) on SE were analysed. Results: This group included most types of SE. There were 18 patients with symptomatic epilepsy, 9 with history of SE, and 2 with recent SE as the first epileptic seizure. Seventeen children had neurodevelopmental delayed occurrence prior to SE. The seizure frequency was more than 10 times a day in 22 children. Potential causes of SE were with drawing AED in 8 cases, acute non-central nervous system infection in 6 cases and hypocalcemia in one case. The onset of epilepsy and SE were significantly earlier in children with symptomatic epilepsy than those with cryptogenic or idiopathic epilepsy (P < 0.05). The clinical and EEG features were different depending on various etiologies in spite of having the same SE type. Intra venous injection of clonizepame was efficient to control SE in 11 of the 13 patients. Conclusions: The clinical and EEG features of SE were closely related to the ages of SE, the brain developmental levels, the etiology and epileptic syndromes. Most of SE had fluctuated clinical symptoms and EEG patterns. The high risk factors suggested developing SE included symptomatic epilepsy, neurodevelopment delay, markedly increased seizure frequency, suddenly changing or withdrawing of AED, complicating infection and metabolic disturbance. Intra venous injection of clonizepame had rapid and obvious effect on inhibiting abnormal discharges and improving clinical symptoms, and may help to diagnose nonconvulsive SE.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.relation.ispartofChinese Journal of Neurologyen_US
dc.subjectElectroencephalographyen_US
dc.subjectSeizuresen_US
dc.subjectStatus Epilepticusen_US
dc.titleClinical and EEG features of various types of status epilepticus in childhooden_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailWong, V:vcnwong@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityWong, V=rp00334en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0034078914en_US
dc.identifier.volume33en_US
dc.identifier.issue2en_US
dc.identifier.spage73en_US
dc.identifier.epage76en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLiu, X=7409287232en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, V=7202525632en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridQin, J=8552500800en_US

Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats


OR


Export to Other Non-XML Formats