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Article: The role of the orienting response in the anticipation of information: A skin conductance response study

TitleThe role of the orienting response in the anticipation of information: A skin conductance response study
Authors
Issue Date1985
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0048-5772
Citation
Psychophysiology, 1985, v. 22 n. 4, p. 385-394 How to Cite?
AbstractTheoretical positions concerning the role of the orienting response (OR) in information-processing and attention have viewed the OR either as indexing an active increase in information-processing efficiency, or as passively reflecting the results of information processing. This paper reports a skin conductance response (SCR) study of a two-stimulus anticipation experiment, where a warning stimulus (WS) informed subjects of the nature of an impending imperative stimulus (IS). The subjects' task was to identify as much of the IS as possible. Both the WS and the IS varied in information content and stimulus duration. SCR magnitude in the WS-IS interval varied according to the anticipated information processing requirements and was more sensitive to IS variation than WS variation. It is concluded that these responses index an anticipatory, activating process closely related to that suggested of the OR by Sokolov (1966), and consonant with the functional characteristics of the autonomic nervous system. Registration of information appears to be neither a necessary determinant of OR magnitude, nor a parsimoniously useful part of OR theory.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/168905
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.074
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.850
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorSpinks, JAen_HK
dc.contributor.authorBlowers, GHen_HK
dc.contributor.authorShek, DTLen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-08T03:39:31Z-
dc.date.available2012-10-08T03:39:31Z-
dc.date.issued1985en_HK
dc.identifier.citationPsychophysiology, 1985, v. 22 n. 4, p. 385-394en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0048-5772en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/168905-
dc.description.abstractTheoretical positions concerning the role of the orienting response (OR) in information-processing and attention have viewed the OR either as indexing an active increase in information-processing efficiency, or as passively reflecting the results of information processing. This paper reports a skin conductance response (SCR) study of a two-stimulus anticipation experiment, where a warning stimulus (WS) informed subjects of the nature of an impending imperative stimulus (IS). The subjects' task was to identify as much of the IS as possible. Both the WS and the IS varied in information content and stimulus duration. SCR magnitude in the WS-IS interval varied according to the anticipated information processing requirements and was more sensitive to IS variation than WS variation. It is concluded that these responses index an anticipatory, activating process closely related to that suggested of the OR by Sokolov (1966), and consonant with the functional characteristics of the autonomic nervous system. Registration of information appears to be neither a necessary determinant of OR magnitude, nor a parsimoniously useful part of OR theory.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0048-5772en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofPsychophysiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten_US
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshArousal - Physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshAttention - Physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshAutonomic Nervous System - Physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshCuesen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshGalvanic Skin Responseen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshTime Factorsen_US
dc.titleThe role of the orienting response in the anticipation of information: A skin conductance response studyen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailSpinks, JA: spinks@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailBlowers, GH: blowers@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authoritySpinks, JA=rp00063en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityBlowers, GH=rp00577en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1469-8986.1985.tb01619.x-
dc.identifier.pmid4023149-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0022256901en_HK
dc.identifier.volume22en_HK
dc.identifier.issue4en_HK
dc.identifier.spage385en_HK
dc.identifier.epage394en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:A1985ANH4800002-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSpinks, JA=6701628658en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBlowers, GH=6701855848en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridShek, DTL=7005710405en_HK

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