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postgraduate thesis: On some extensions of generalized linear models with varying dispersion

TitleOn some extensions of generalized linear models with varying dispersion
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Li, WK
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Wu, K. K. [胡家銳]. (2012). On some extensions of generalized linear models with varying dispersion. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4819937
AbstractWhen dealing with exponential family distributions, a constant dispersion is often assumed since it simplifies both model formulation and estimation. In contrast, heteroscedasticity is a common feature of almost every empirical data set. In this dissertation, the dispersion parameter is no longer considered as constant throughout the entire sample, but defined as the expected deviance of the individual response yi and its expected value _i such that it will be expressed as a linear combination of some covariates and their coefficients. At the same time, the dispersion regression is an essential part of a double Generalized Linear Model in which mean and dispersion are modelled in two interlinked and pseudo-simultaneously estimated submodels. In other words, the deviance is a function of the response mean which on the other hand depends on the dispersion. Due to the mutual dependency, the estimation algorithm will be iterated as long as the improvement of the one parameter leads to significant changes of the other until it is not the case. If appropriate covariates are chosen, the model’s goodness of fit should be improved by the property that the dispersion is estimated by external information instead of being a constant. In the following, the advantage of dispersion modelling will be shown by its application on three different types of data: a) zero-inflated data, b) non-linear time series data, and c) clinical trials data. All these data follow distributions of the exponential family for which the application of the Generalized Linear Model is justified, but require certain extensions of modelling methodologies. In this dissertation, The enhanced goodness of fit given that the constant dispersion assumption is dropped will be shown in the above listed examples. In fact, by formulating and carrying out score and Wald tests on testing for the possible occurrence of varying dispersion, evidence of heterogeneous dispersion could be found to be present in the data sets considered. Furthermore, although model formulation, asymptotic properties and computational effort are more extensive when dealing with the double models, the benefits and advantages in terms of improved fitting results and more efficient parameter estimates appear to justify the additional effort not only for the types of data introduced, but also generally for empirical data analysis, on different types of data as well.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectLinear models (Statistics)
Dept/ProgramStatistics and Actuarial Science

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorLi, WK-
dc.contributor.authorWu, Ka-yui, Karl.-
dc.contributor.author胡家銳.-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationWu, K. K. [胡家銳]. (2012). On some extensions of generalized linear models with varying dispersion. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4819937-
dc.description.abstractWhen dealing with exponential family distributions, a constant dispersion is often assumed since it simplifies both model formulation and estimation. In contrast, heteroscedasticity is a common feature of almost every empirical data set. In this dissertation, the dispersion parameter is no longer considered as constant throughout the entire sample, but defined as the expected deviance of the individual response yi and its expected value _i such that it will be expressed as a linear combination of some covariates and their coefficients. At the same time, the dispersion regression is an essential part of a double Generalized Linear Model in which mean and dispersion are modelled in two interlinked and pseudo-simultaneously estimated submodels. In other words, the deviance is a function of the response mean which on the other hand depends on the dispersion. Due to the mutual dependency, the estimation algorithm will be iterated as long as the improvement of the one parameter leads to significant changes of the other until it is not the case. If appropriate covariates are chosen, the model’s goodness of fit should be improved by the property that the dispersion is estimated by external information instead of being a constant. In the following, the advantage of dispersion modelling will be shown by its application on three different types of data: a) zero-inflated data, b) non-linear time series data, and c) clinical trials data. All these data follow distributions of the exponential family for which the application of the Generalized Linear Model is justified, but require certain extensions of modelling methodologies. In this dissertation, The enhanced goodness of fit given that the constant dispersion assumption is dropped will be shown in the above listed examples. In fact, by formulating and carrying out score and Wald tests on testing for the possible occurrence of varying dispersion, evidence of heterogeneous dispersion could be found to be present in the data sets considered. Furthermore, although model formulation, asymptotic properties and computational effort are more extensive when dealing with the double models, the benefits and advantages in terms of improved fitting results and more efficient parameter estimates appear to justify the additional effort not only for the types of data introduced, but also generally for empirical data analysis, on different types of data as well.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48199370-
dc.subject.lcshLinear models (Statistics)-
dc.titleOn some extensions of generalized linear models with varying dispersion-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4819937-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineStatistics and Actuarial Science-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4819937-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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