File Download
  Links for fulltext
     (May Require Subscription)
Supplementary

postgraduate thesis: Asset pricing, hedging and portfolio optimization

TitleAsset pricing, hedging and portfolio optimization
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Yang, H
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Fu, J. [付君]. (2012). Asset pricing, hedging and portfolio optimization. (Unpublished thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4819934.
AbstractStarting from the most famous Black-Scholes model for the underlying asset price, there has been a large variety of extensions made in recent decades. One main strand is about the models which allow a jump component in the asset price. The first topic of this thesis is about the study of jump risk premium by an equilibrium approach. Different from others, this work provides a more general result by modeling the underlying asset price as the ordinary exponential of a L?vy process. For any given asset price process, the equity premium, pricing kernel and an equilibrium option pricing formula can be derived. Moreover, some empirical evidence such as the negative variance risk premium, implied volatility smirk, and negative skewness risk premium can be well explained by using the relation between the physical and risk-neutral distributions for the jump component. Another strand of the extensions of the Black-Scholes model is about the models which can incorporate stochastic volatility in the asset price. The second topic of this thesis is about the replication of exponential variance, where the key risks are the ones induced by the stochastic volatility and moreover it can be correlated with the returns of the asset, referred to as leverage effect. A time-changed L?vy process is used to incorporate jumps, stochastic volatility and leverage effect all together. The exponential variance can be robustly replicated by European portfolios, without any specification of a model for the stochastic volatility. Beyond the above asset pricing and hedging, portfolio optimization is also discussed. Based on the Merton (1969, 1971)'s reduced portfolio optimization and the delta hedging problem, a portfolio of an option, the underlying stock and a risk-free bond can be optimized in discrete time and its optimal solution can be shown to be a mixture of the Merton's result and the delta hedging strategy. The main approach is the elasticity approach, which has initially been proposed in continuous time. In addition to the above optimization problem in discrete time, the same topic but in a continuous-time regime-switching market is also presented. The use of regime-switching makes our market incomplete, and makes it difficult to use some approaches which are applicable in complete market. To overcome this challenge, two methods are provided. The first method is that we simply do not price the regime-switching risk when obtaining the risk-neutral probability. Then by the idea of elasticity, the utility maximization problem can be formulated as a stochastic control problem with only a single control variable, and explicit solutions can be obtained. The second method is to introduce a functional operator to general value functions of stochastic control problem in such a way that the optimal value function in our setting can be given by the limit of a sequence of value functions defined by iterating the operator. Hence the original problem can be deduced to an auxiliary optimization problem, which can be solved as if we were in a single-regime market, which is complete.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectCapital assets pricing model.
Hedging (Finance) - Mathematical models.
Portfolio management - Mathematical models.
Dept/ProgramStatistics and Actuarial Science

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorYang, H-
dc.contributor.authorFu, Jun-
dc.contributor.author付君-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationFu, J. [付君]. (2012). Asset pricing, hedging and portfolio optimization. (Unpublished thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4819934.-
dc.description.abstractStarting from the most famous Black-Scholes model for the underlying asset price, there has been a large variety of extensions made in recent decades. One main strand is about the models which allow a jump component in the asset price. The first topic of this thesis is about the study of jump risk premium by an equilibrium approach. Different from others, this work provides a more general result by modeling the underlying asset price as the ordinary exponential of a L?vy process. For any given asset price process, the equity premium, pricing kernel and an equilibrium option pricing formula can be derived. Moreover, some empirical evidence such as the negative variance risk premium, implied volatility smirk, and negative skewness risk premium can be well explained by using the relation between the physical and risk-neutral distributions for the jump component. Another strand of the extensions of the Black-Scholes model is about the models which can incorporate stochastic volatility in the asset price. The second topic of this thesis is about the replication of exponential variance, where the key risks are the ones induced by the stochastic volatility and moreover it can be correlated with the returns of the asset, referred to as leverage effect. A time-changed L?vy process is used to incorporate jumps, stochastic volatility and leverage effect all together. The exponential variance can be robustly replicated by European portfolios, without any specification of a model for the stochastic volatility. Beyond the above asset pricing and hedging, portfolio optimization is also discussed. Based on the Merton (1969, 1971)'s reduced portfolio optimization and the delta hedging problem, a portfolio of an option, the underlying stock and a risk-free bond can be optimized in discrete time and its optimal solution can be shown to be a mixture of the Merton's result and the delta hedging strategy. The main approach is the elasticity approach, which has initially been proposed in continuous time. In addition to the above optimization problem in discrete time, the same topic but in a continuous-time regime-switching market is also presented. The use of regime-switching makes our market incomplete, and makes it difficult to use some approaches which are applicable in complete market. To overcome this challenge, two methods are provided. The first method is that we simply do not price the regime-switching risk when obtaining the risk-neutral probability. Then by the idea of elasticity, the utility maximization problem can be formulated as a stochastic control problem with only a single control variable, and explicit solutions can be obtained. The second method is to introduce a functional operator to general value functions of stochastic control problem in such a way that the optimal value function in our setting can be given by the limit of a sequence of value functions defined by iterating the operator. Hence the original problem can be deduced to an auxiliary optimization problem, which can be solved as if we were in a single-regime market, which is complete.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48199345-
dc.subject.lcshCapital assets pricing model.-
dc.subject.lcshHedging (Finance) - Mathematical models.-
dc.subject.lcshPortfolio management - Mathematical models.-
dc.titleAsset pricing, hedging and portfolio optimization-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4819934-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineStatistics and Actuarial Science-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4819934-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats


OR


Export to Other Non-XML Formats