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Article: Fundamental(ist) Attribution Error: Protestants are dispositionally focused

TitleFundamental(ist) Attribution Error: Protestants are dispositionally focused
Authors
KeywordsAttribution
Belief in a soul
Cultural differences
Religious differences
Issue Date2012
PublisherAmerican Psychological Association. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.apa.org/journals/psp.html
Citation
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2012, v. 102 n. 2, p. 281-290 How to Cite?
AbstractAttribution theory has long enjoyed a prominent role in social psychological research, yet religious influences on attribution have not been well studied. We theorized and tested the hypothesis that Protestants would endorse internal attributions to a greater extent than would Catholics, because Protestantism focuses on the inward condition of the soul. In Study 1, Protestants made more internal, but not external, attributions than did Catholics. This effect survived controlling for Protestant work ethic, need for structure, and intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity. Study 2 showed that the Protestant–Catholic difference in internal attributions was significantly mediated by Protestants' greater belief in a soul. In Study 3, priming religion increased belief in a soul for Protestants but not for Catholics. Finally, Study 4 found that experimentally strengthening belief in a soul increased dispositional attributions among Protestants but did not change situational attributions. These studies expand the understanding of cultural differences in attributions by demonstrating a distinct effect of religion on dispositional attributions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/166060
ISSN
2017 Impact Factor: 5.733
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 5.040
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLi, Y-
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, KA-
dc.contributor.authorCohen, AB-
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, MJ-
dc.contributor.authorKnowles, ED-
dc.contributor.authorChen, Z-
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-20T08:27:12Z-
dc.date.available2012-09-20T08:27:12Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2012, v. 102 n. 2, p. 281-290-
dc.identifier.issn0022-3514-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/166060-
dc.description.abstractAttribution theory has long enjoyed a prominent role in social psychological research, yet religious influences on attribution have not been well studied. We theorized and tested the hypothesis that Protestants would endorse internal attributions to a greater extent than would Catholics, because Protestantism focuses on the inward condition of the soul. In Study 1, Protestants made more internal, but not external, attributions than did Catholics. This effect survived controlling for Protestant work ethic, need for structure, and intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity. Study 2 showed that the Protestant–Catholic difference in internal attributions was significantly mediated by Protestants' greater belief in a soul. In Study 3, priming religion increased belief in a soul for Protestants but not for Catholics. Finally, Study 4 found that experimentally strengthening belief in a soul increased dispositional attributions among Protestants but did not change situational attributions. These studies expand the understanding of cultural differences in attributions by demonstrating a distinct effect of religion on dispositional attributions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Association. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.apa.org/journals/psp.html-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Personality and Social Psychology-
dc.rightsJournal of Personality and Social Psychology. Copyright © American Psychological Association.-
dc.subjectAttribution-
dc.subjectBelief in a soul-
dc.subjectCultural differences-
dc.subjectReligious differences-
dc.titleFundamental(ist) Attribution Error: Protestants are dispositionally focused-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailChen, Z: chenz@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityChen, Z=rp00629-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1037/a0026294-
dc.identifier.pmid22082060-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84861156443-
dc.identifier.hkuros205936-
dc.identifier.volume102-
dc.identifier.issue2-
dc.identifier.spage281-
dc.identifier.epage290-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000299250000005-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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