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Conference Paper: The effectiveness of a tai-chi exercise program on gross motor coordination, negative symptoms and functional disabilities among patients with chronic schizophrenia: a pilot study

TitleThe effectiveness of a tai-chi exercise program on gross motor coordination, negative symptoms and functional disabilities among patients with chronic schizophrenia: a pilot study
Authors
KeywordsMedical sciences
Issue Date2012
PublisherSpringer New York LLC. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.springer.com/medicine/journal/12160
Citation
The 33rd Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions of Society of Behavioral Medicine, New Orleans, LA., 11-14 April 2012. In Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2012, v. 43 n. 1 suppl., p. S282, abstract no. 4071 How to Cite?
AbstractBACKGROUND: Institutionalized patients with schizophrenia often suffer from negative symptoms, motor and functional impairments more serious than their non-institutionalized counterparts. Exercise can help patients improve well-being and psychiatric symptoms. Tai-chi, in particular, emphasizes body relaxation, mental alertness and motor coordination with known benefits to balance, flexibility, and stress relief. PURPOSE: This pilot study aims to explore the potential benefits of Tai-chi on gross motor coordination, negative symptoms and functioning disabilities towards schizophrenia. METHODS: A randomized wait-list control design was adopted for this 12-session (6-week) Wu-style Tai-chi program. 30 participants were randomly allocated to the Tai-chi or control group. The Minnesota Rate of Manipulation Test, Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms and the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule-II were respectively used to measure gross motor coordination, negative symptoms and functional disabilities at baseline, 1 week post-intervention and 6 weeks post-intervention. Analyses were conducted with the Wilcoxon signed ranks test and Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS: Tai-chi had a protective effect from deterioration in gross motor coordination (Z=-2.28; p=.023) and interpersonal functioning, the latter with sustained effect 6 weeks after the end of the class (Z=-2.56; p=.01). Controls showed marked deterioration in the above areas throughout the study period. CONCLUSION: This pilot study demonstrated encouraging benefits of Tai-chi on promoting movement coordination and alleviating functional disabilities. Tai-chi emphasizes movement rhythm, with possible benefits to motor desynchrony. This form of group exercise also encourages socialization that may support interpersonal functioning. The relative ease of implementation renders it possible to be promoted at other institutional psychiatric services.
DescriptionConference Theme: Engaging New Partners and Perspectives
Paper Session 34: Complementary and Integrative Medicine Interventions (P34) - Scientific Session
This journal suppl. contain abstracts of the 2012 SBM Annual Meeting
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/164618
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.195
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.112

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHo, RTHen_US
dc.contributor.authorAu Yeung, FSWen_US
dc.contributor.authorLo, PHYen_US
dc.contributor.authorLaw, KYen_US
dc.contributor.authorWong, KOKen_US
dc.contributor.authorCheung, IKMen_US
dc.contributor.authorNg, SMen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-20T08:06:41Z-
dc.date.available2012-09-20T08:06:41Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe 33rd Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions of Society of Behavioral Medicine, New Orleans, LA., 11-14 April 2012. In Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2012, v. 43 n. 1 suppl., p. S282, abstract no. 4071en_US
dc.identifier.issn0883-6612-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/164618-
dc.descriptionConference Theme: Engaging New Partners and Perspectives-
dc.descriptionPaper Session 34: Complementary and Integrative Medicine Interventions (P34) - Scientific Session-
dc.descriptionThis journal suppl. contain abstracts of the 2012 SBM Annual Meeting-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Institutionalized patients with schizophrenia often suffer from negative symptoms, motor and functional impairments more serious than their non-institutionalized counterparts. Exercise can help patients improve well-being and psychiatric symptoms. Tai-chi, in particular, emphasizes body relaxation, mental alertness and motor coordination with known benefits to balance, flexibility, and stress relief. PURPOSE: This pilot study aims to explore the potential benefits of Tai-chi on gross motor coordination, negative symptoms and functioning disabilities towards schizophrenia. METHODS: A randomized wait-list control design was adopted for this 12-session (6-week) Wu-style Tai-chi program. 30 participants were randomly allocated to the Tai-chi or control group. The Minnesota Rate of Manipulation Test, Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms and the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule-II were respectively used to measure gross motor coordination, negative symptoms and functional disabilities at baseline, 1 week post-intervention and 6 weeks post-intervention. Analyses were conducted with the Wilcoxon signed ranks test and Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS: Tai-chi had a protective effect from deterioration in gross motor coordination (Z=-2.28; p=.023) and interpersonal functioning, the latter with sustained effect 6 weeks after the end of the class (Z=-2.56; p=.01). Controls showed marked deterioration in the above areas throughout the study period. CONCLUSION: This pilot study demonstrated encouraging benefits of Tai-chi on promoting movement coordination and alleviating functional disabilities. Tai-chi emphasizes movement rhythm, with possible benefits to motor desynchrony. This form of group exercise also encourages socialization that may support interpersonal functioning. The relative ease of implementation renders it possible to be promoted at other institutional psychiatric services.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherSpringer New York LLC. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.springer.com/medicine/journal/12160-
dc.relation.ispartofAnnals of Behavioral Medicineen_US
dc.rightsThe original publication is available at www.springerlink.com-
dc.subjectMedical sciences-
dc.titleThe effectiveness of a tai-chi exercise program on gross motor coordination, negative symptoms and functional disabilities among patients with chronic schizophrenia: a pilot studyen_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailHo, RTH: tinho@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailLo, PHY: phyllisl@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailCheung, IKM: irenech@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailNg, SM: ngsiuman@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityHo, RTH=rp00497en_US
dc.identifier.authorityNg, SM=rp00611en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros211238en_US
dc.identifier.volume43en_US
dc.identifier.issue1 suppl.en_US
dc.identifier.spageS282en_US
dc.identifier.epageS282en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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