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Article: An overview of dental caries-preventive approaches for children

TitleAn overview of dental caries-preventive approaches for children
Authors
KeywordsChild
Chlorhexidine
Dental caries/prevention and control
Fluorides
Pit and fissure sealants
Issue Date2011
PublisherHong Kong Academy of Medicine Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hkda.org/hkdj/
Citation
Hong Kong Dental Journal, 2011, v. 8, p. 29-39 How to Cite?
AbstractDental caries is biofilm-induced acid demineralization of enamel and dentin, which is mediated by saliva. Given time, the interaction of cariogenic microorganisms and fermentable carbohydrates on the tooth surface may induce demineralization and progress to loss of tooth structure and cavitations. Despite the implementation of community water fluoridation and the widespread use of fluoride toothpastes, dental caries remains a significant problem in Hong Kong preschool children. Of great concern, dental caries is unequally distributed among the population and heavily concentrated in socially disadvantaged children, who are least likely to have adequate access to dental care. Dental caries in children is a preventable and reversible infectious disease process. In children, prevention improves their overall quality of life, reduces the cost of restorative treatment, and promotes a positive attitude towards oral health. The objective of the paper was to provide an overview of the effectiveness of various caries-preventive agents which can be applied to the teeth of children in Hong Kong. These include the use of chlorhexidine, xylitol, fluorides, fissure sealant, and remineralizing products. Increased emphasis on caries prevention by the dental profession could bring about more favorable oral health outcomes for children in Hong Kong.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/163724
ISSN

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYiu, CKYen_US
dc.contributor.authorKing, NMen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-20T07:50:32Z-
dc.date.available2012-09-20T07:50:32Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.identifier.citationHong Kong Dental Journal, 2011, v. 8, p. 29-39en_US
dc.identifier.issn1727-2300-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/163724-
dc.description.abstractDental caries is biofilm-induced acid demineralization of enamel and dentin, which is mediated by saliva. Given time, the interaction of cariogenic microorganisms and fermentable carbohydrates on the tooth surface may induce demineralization and progress to loss of tooth structure and cavitations. Despite the implementation of community water fluoridation and the widespread use of fluoride toothpastes, dental caries remains a significant problem in Hong Kong preschool children. Of great concern, dental caries is unequally distributed among the population and heavily concentrated in socially disadvantaged children, who are least likely to have adequate access to dental care. Dental caries in children is a preventable and reversible infectious disease process. In children, prevention improves their overall quality of life, reduces the cost of restorative treatment, and promotes a positive attitude towards oral health. The objective of the paper was to provide an overview of the effectiveness of various caries-preventive agents which can be applied to the teeth of children in Hong Kong. These include the use of chlorhexidine, xylitol, fluorides, fissure sealant, and remineralizing products. Increased emphasis on caries prevention by the dental profession could bring about more favorable oral health outcomes for children in Hong Kong.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherHong Kong Academy of Medicine Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hkda.org/hkdj/-
dc.relation.ispartofHong Kong Dental Journalen_US
dc.rightsHong Kong Dental Journal. Copyright © Hong Kong Academy of Medicine Press.-
dc.subjectChild-
dc.subjectChlorhexidine-
dc.subjectDental caries/prevention and control-
dc.subjectFluorides-
dc.subjectPit and fissure sealants-
dc.titleAn overview of dental caries-preventive approaches for childrenen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailYiu, CKY: ckyyiu@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailKing, NM: hhdbknm@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityYiu, CKY=rp00018en_US
dc.identifier.authorityKing, NM=rp00006en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros208328en_US
dc.identifier.volume8en_US
dc.identifier.spage29en_US
dc.identifier.epage39en_US
dc.publisher.placeHong Kong-

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