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postgraduate thesis: Velocity field measurement of a scroll vortex intake flow

TitleVelocity field measurement of a scroll vortex intake flow
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Lam, KM
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Guo, J. [郭九昊]. (2012). Velocity field measurement of a scroll vortex intake flow. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4807988
AbstractA scroll vortex intake is a hydraulic structure that transfers water stably from one elevation to a lower one by generating a swirling vortex flow down a vertical drop- shaft. Scroll vortex intakes are applied widely in water supply, stormwater drainage and sewerage systems. For a good engineering design, a sufficiently large and stable air core needs to be maintained within the dropshaft. Although a number of the- oretical and experimental investigations have been conducted, the understanding and predictions of the vortex flow is still far from complete due to a lack of de- tailed velocity field and air core measurements. This study aims to achieve a better understanding of the scroll vortex intake flow. The hydraulic theory of scroll vortex intake is revisited and detailed measurements of air core and velocity field of the vortex flow is conducted. A 1:15 physical model of a scroll vortex intake has been designed according to dynamic Froude similitude and constructed. Experiments have been conducted to measure the head-discharge relation. Piezometric head and air core size are measured at the throat of the vortex flow. Velocity fields are measured using Laser Doppler Anemometry (LDA). The measurements show that the vortex flow in the chamber resembles a free vortex and the circulation is approximately equal to that at the inlet to chamber. The chamber flow is not affected by the bottom boundary effect at bottom above a depth of the order of the dropshaft diameter. The throat section of the vor- tex flow is located slightly below the chamber bottom and within the bellmouth at the entrance to dropshaft. For the vortex flow in and downstream of the bell- mouth, the tangential velocity distribution can be described by a Rankine vortex (combination of forced and free vortex); the transition from forced to free vortex occurs at around the middle of the vortex flow layer. The pressure is positive for all locations and all discharges. Due to viscous effect, the maximum circulation is found to be lower than the inlet circulation. Consistent with the free vortex theory, the vertical velocity in the dropshaft is approximately constant. By accounting for the loss of circulation between chamber inlet and the dropshaft, a new 1D theory is proposed. Unlike previous models, the new theory gives good predictions of head-discharge relation and minimum air core size without the need of physically unrealistic assumptions. This study has revealed the structure of a scroll vortex intake flow for the first time. Characteristic flow features of the scroll vortex intake have been elucidated. The findings have helped to explain and resolve the long-standing discrepancies between the theoretical predictions of three representative 1D hydraulic theories. The vortex flow measurements also provide a basis for the development of a new theory and the validation of 3D numerical models.
DegreeMaster of Philosophy
SubjectVortex-motion.
Fluid dynamic measurements.
Dept/ProgramCivil Engineering

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorLam, KM-
dc.contributor.authorGuo, Jiuhao.-
dc.contributor.author郭九昊.-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationGuo, J. [郭九昊]. (2012). Velocity field measurement of a scroll vortex intake flow. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4807988-
dc.description.abstractA scroll vortex intake is a hydraulic structure that transfers water stably from one elevation to a lower one by generating a swirling vortex flow down a vertical drop- shaft. Scroll vortex intakes are applied widely in water supply, stormwater drainage and sewerage systems. For a good engineering design, a sufficiently large and stable air core needs to be maintained within the dropshaft. Although a number of the- oretical and experimental investigations have been conducted, the understanding and predictions of the vortex flow is still far from complete due to a lack of de- tailed velocity field and air core measurements. This study aims to achieve a better understanding of the scroll vortex intake flow. The hydraulic theory of scroll vortex intake is revisited and detailed measurements of air core and velocity field of the vortex flow is conducted. A 1:15 physical model of a scroll vortex intake has been designed according to dynamic Froude similitude and constructed. Experiments have been conducted to measure the head-discharge relation. Piezometric head and air core size are measured at the throat of the vortex flow. Velocity fields are measured using Laser Doppler Anemometry (LDA). The measurements show that the vortex flow in the chamber resembles a free vortex and the circulation is approximately equal to that at the inlet to chamber. The chamber flow is not affected by the bottom boundary effect at bottom above a depth of the order of the dropshaft diameter. The throat section of the vor- tex flow is located slightly below the chamber bottom and within the bellmouth at the entrance to dropshaft. For the vortex flow in and downstream of the bell- mouth, the tangential velocity distribution can be described by a Rankine vortex (combination of forced and free vortex); the transition from forced to free vortex occurs at around the middle of the vortex flow layer. The pressure is positive for all locations and all discharges. Due to viscous effect, the maximum circulation is found to be lower than the inlet circulation. Consistent with the free vortex theory, the vertical velocity in the dropshaft is approximately constant. By accounting for the loss of circulation between chamber inlet and the dropshaft, a new 1D theory is proposed. Unlike previous models, the new theory gives good predictions of head-discharge relation and minimum air core size without the need of physically unrealistic assumptions. This study has revealed the structure of a scroll vortex intake flow for the first time. Characteristic flow features of the scroll vortex intake have been elucidated. The findings have helped to explain and resolve the long-standing discrepancies between the theoretical predictions of three representative 1D hydraulic theories. The vortex flow measurements also provide a basis for the development of a new theory and the validation of 3D numerical models.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48079881-
dc.subject.lcshVortex-motion.-
dc.subject.lcshFluid dynamic measurements.-
dc.titleVelocity field measurement of a scroll vortex intake flow-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4807988-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineCivil Engineering-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4807988-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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