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postgraduate thesis: Spatial sense in small-scale space: the experiences of two 10 years old children

TitleSpatial sense in small-scale space: the experiences of two 10 years old children
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
AbstractThis study seeks to examine how children utilize spatial ability to deal with spatial objects, such as reading pictures, building toy blocks and dealing with the relationship between objects. The main focus of this study is to understand how children utilize spatial ability to complete different spatial tasks. The study comprises of two contrasting cases of two 10 years old children. Each case encompasses to basic components namely: i) the perspective skills tasks, and ii) the small-scale space tasks. In each component task-based clinical interviews were used as the primary data collection instrument. The interviews were video-recorded and analyzed The small-scale space tasks required the children to build an experimental SimCity consisting six objects. The subjects were asked to complete the task twice, one as an identical mapping and once as a 1800 mirror image. In the first experiment, the children were asked to place the objects on a piece of grid paper in exactly the same position as they saw the objects in the SimCity. In the second experiment, the children were asked to place the objects on a piece of grid paper at exactly 1800 to what they observed the objects in the SimCity. The results showed that if the child neglected any one of the skills, they would make errors. This was best illustrated in the case where the children handled the L-shaped block. Child 2 made mistakes in recognizing the block in both in the first and second small-scale space tasks. These errors were related to the understanding of the spatial relation and the visual form constancy. The results showed that for placing the L-shaped block in the right position and direction, visual form constancy plays an important role. The results also showed that without using the orientation ability in which the skills include the spatial determination, spatial recognition, spatial form constancy and spatial relationship, it would also affect how the children deal with the small-scale space task. The result showed that the children need to relate to the visualization and orientation ability so as to deal with the relationship between themselves and the objects, among objects; and the objects and the environment. As a conclusion when the children were dealing with the task, basically they would use the skill of visual discrimination to determine every object. The evidence indicated that both children could make use of these skills. In addition, the using of object- to- object frame of reference and the child’s reasoning behind her/his spatial action also play an important role for successful performance of the small-scale space tasks. The study makes a contribution to theory by the originality of the design of the instrument. Furthermore, the findings unfolding the children spatial understanding provides insights for developing further topics in the school curriculum for enhancing students’ spatial sense.
DegreeDoctor of Education
SubjectSpace perception in children.
Dept/ProgramEducation

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorTse, Sui-wah, Betty.-
dc.contributor.author謝瑞華.-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.description.abstractThis study seeks to examine how children utilize spatial ability to deal with spatial objects, such as reading pictures, building toy blocks and dealing with the relationship between objects. The main focus of this study is to understand how children utilize spatial ability to complete different spatial tasks. The study comprises of two contrasting cases of two 10 years old children. Each case encompasses to basic components namely: i) the perspective skills tasks, and ii) the small-scale space tasks. In each component task-based clinical interviews were used as the primary data collection instrument. The interviews were video-recorded and analyzed The small-scale space tasks required the children to build an experimental SimCity consisting six objects. The subjects were asked to complete the task twice, one as an identical mapping and once as a 1800 mirror image. In the first experiment, the children were asked to place the objects on a piece of grid paper in exactly the same position as they saw the objects in the SimCity. In the second experiment, the children were asked to place the objects on a piece of grid paper at exactly 1800 to what they observed the objects in the SimCity. The results showed that if the child neglected any one of the skills, they would make errors. This was best illustrated in the case where the children handled the L-shaped block. Child 2 made mistakes in recognizing the block in both in the first and second small-scale space tasks. These errors were related to the understanding of the spatial relation and the visual form constancy. The results showed that for placing the L-shaped block in the right position and direction, visual form constancy plays an important role. The results also showed that without using the orientation ability in which the skills include the spatial determination, spatial recognition, spatial form constancy and spatial relationship, it would also affect how the children deal with the small-scale space task. The result showed that the children need to relate to the visualization and orientation ability so as to deal with the relationship between themselves and the objects, among objects; and the objects and the environment. As a conclusion when the children were dealing with the task, basically they would use the skill of visual discrimination to determine every object. The evidence indicated that both children could make use of these skills. In addition, the using of object- to- object frame of reference and the child’s reasoning behind her/his spatial action also play an important role for successful performance of the small-scale space tasks. The study makes a contribution to theory by the originality of the design of the instrument. Furthermore, the findings unfolding the children spatial understanding provides insights for developing further topics in the school curriculum for enhancing students’ spatial sense.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B47967663-
dc.subject.lcshSpace perception in children.-
dc.titleSpatial sense in small-scale space: the experiences of two 10 years old children-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4796766-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Education-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineEducation-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4796766-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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