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Postgraduate Thesis: A study of the issues of Chinese grammar reform (1938-1943)
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TitleA study of the issues of Chinese grammar reform (1938-1943)
 
AuthorsChang, Lui
張蕾
 
Issue Date2011
 
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
 
AbstractIt is stated that the study of Chinese grammar began after Ma Jianzhong published his Ma’s General Grammar which is considered as the very first book of Chinese grammar in 1898. It was the first time that a complete Chinese grammatical system was introduced and its influence was tremendous. Scholars in China started to pay attention to the study of Chinese grammar, and a number of Chinese grammar books were published at the beginning of 20th Century. These Chinese grammar books introduced grammatical systems similar to that in Ma’s General Grammar. Within these books, New Chinese Grammar by Li Jinxi was the most influential one. As scholars learnt more about grammar, they found the grammatical systems introduced by these two books and also other Chinese grammar books not perfect. They pointed out that these systems were established base on imitation of Western grammatical system and neither of them could fit Chinese language perfectly. Therefore scholars asked for a reform of Chinese grammar in 1930s. A group of scholars in Shanghai, represented by Chen Wangdao, started to discuss how to reform Chinese grammar in October 1938. Chen started the discussion by pointing out that the criterion of distinguishing between a verb and an adjective in Chinese should be different from that in Western languages as an adjective could be used as a predicate in Chinese sentences, while most Chinese grammar books at that time were using that criteria. This reflected defects of these Chinese grammatical systems. Fu Donghua and Jin Zhaozi then announced their own designs of Chinese grammatical system and aroused the attention of other scholars like Fang Guangdao and Zhang Shilu. They joined and contributed a lot in the discussion. The whole discussion had lasted for 4.5 years, and a number of grammatical issues were covered, for example, the object of the study of Chinese grammar, the morphology, the syntax and the establishment of Chinese grammatical system, the criticism of Chinese grammatical systems at that time, and also the relationship between the study of Chinese grammar and other branches of linguistics such as exegesis, etymology and lexicology. The thesis sets to examine different aspects of this Chinese grammar reform. Firstly the thesis discusses how and why this Chinese grammar reform took place, then introduces scholars who took part in it. Next the thesis looks into what scholars discussed, and looks into their proposals in reforming Chinese grammar together with other grammatical issues raised in their discussion. For example, is it practical to combine morphology and syntax of Chinese? Is it appropriate to design one grammatical system for both ancient and modern Chinese languages? How to categorize Chinese words? What should be considered in establishing a better Chinese grammatical system? Scholars shared different opinions on these issues. The thesis comments and criticizes these opinions. The thesis also examines the contribution and the influence of this Chinese reform in order to assess its importance in the history of the study of Chinese grammar.
 
AdvisorsTse, YK
 
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
 
SubjectChinese language - Grammar.
 
Dept/ProgramChinese
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.advisorTse, YK
 
dc.contributor.authorChang, Lui
 
dc.contributor.author張蕾
 
dc.date.hkucongregation2012
 
dc.date.issued2011
 
dc.description.abstractIt is stated that the study of Chinese grammar began after Ma Jianzhong published his Ma’s General Grammar which is considered as the very first book of Chinese grammar in 1898. It was the first time that a complete Chinese grammatical system was introduced and its influence was tremendous. Scholars in China started to pay attention to the study of Chinese grammar, and a number of Chinese grammar books were published at the beginning of 20th Century. These Chinese grammar books introduced grammatical systems similar to that in Ma’s General Grammar. Within these books, New Chinese Grammar by Li Jinxi was the most influential one. As scholars learnt more about grammar, they found the grammatical systems introduced by these two books and also other Chinese grammar books not perfect. They pointed out that these systems were established base on imitation of Western grammatical system and neither of them could fit Chinese language perfectly. Therefore scholars asked for a reform of Chinese grammar in 1930s. A group of scholars in Shanghai, represented by Chen Wangdao, started to discuss how to reform Chinese grammar in October 1938. Chen started the discussion by pointing out that the criterion of distinguishing between a verb and an adjective in Chinese should be different from that in Western languages as an adjective could be used as a predicate in Chinese sentences, while most Chinese grammar books at that time were using that criteria. This reflected defects of these Chinese grammatical systems. Fu Donghua and Jin Zhaozi then announced their own designs of Chinese grammatical system and aroused the attention of other scholars like Fang Guangdao and Zhang Shilu. They joined and contributed a lot in the discussion. The whole discussion had lasted for 4.5 years, and a number of grammatical issues were covered, for example, the object of the study of Chinese grammar, the morphology, the syntax and the establishment of Chinese grammatical system, the criticism of Chinese grammatical systems at that time, and also the relationship between the study of Chinese grammar and other branches of linguistics such as exegesis, etymology and lexicology. The thesis sets to examine different aspects of this Chinese grammar reform. Firstly the thesis discusses how and why this Chinese grammar reform took place, then introduces scholars who took part in it. Next the thesis looks into what scholars discussed, and looks into their proposals in reforming Chinese grammar together with other grammatical issues raised in their discussion. For example, is it practical to combine morphology and syntax of Chinese? Is it appropriate to design one grammatical system for both ancient and modern Chinese languages? How to categorize Chinese words? What should be considered in establishing a better Chinese grammatical system? Scholars shared different opinions on these issues. The thesis comments and criticizes these opinions. The thesis also examines the contribution and the influence of this Chinese reform in order to assess its importance in the history of the study of Chinese grammar.
 
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version
 
dc.description.thesisdisciplineChinese
 
dc.description.thesisleveldoctoral
 
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy
 
dc.identifier.hkulb4786957
 
dc.languagechi
 
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
 
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)
 
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.
 
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License
 
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B47869574
 
dc.subject.lcshChinese language - Grammar.
 
dc.titleA study of the issues of Chinese grammar reform (1938-1943)
 
dc.typePG_Thesis
 
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<item><contributor.advisor>Tse, YK</contributor.advisor>
<contributor.author>Chang, Lui</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>&#24373;&#34174;</contributor.author>
<date.issued>2011</date.issued>
<description.abstract>&#65279;It is stated that the study of Chinese grammar began after Ma Jianzhong

published his Ma&#8217;s General Grammar which is considered as the very first book of

Chinese grammar in 1898. It was the first time that a complete Chinese grammatical

system was introduced and its influence was tremendous. Scholars in China started

to pay attention to the study of Chinese grammar, and a number of Chinese grammar

books were published at the beginning of 20th Century.

These Chinese grammar books introduced grammatical systems similar to that in

Ma&#8217;s General Grammar. Within these books, New Chinese Grammar by Li Jinxi

was the most influential one.

As scholars learnt more about grammar, they found the grammatical systems

introduced by these two books and also other Chinese grammar books not perfect.

They pointed out that these systems were established base on imitation of Western

grammatical system and neither of them could fit Chinese language perfectly.

Therefore scholars asked for a reform of Chinese grammar in 1930s.

A group of scholars in Shanghai, represented by Chen Wangdao, started to

discuss how to reform Chinese grammar in October 1938. Chen started the

discussion by pointing out that the criterion of distinguishing between a verb and an

adjective in Chinese should be different from that in Western languages as an

adjective could be used as a predicate in Chinese sentences, while most Chinese

grammar books at that time were using that criteria. This reflected defects of these

Chinese grammatical systems. Fu Donghua and Jin Zhaozi then announced their

own designs of Chinese grammatical system and aroused the attention of other

scholars like Fang Guangdao and Zhang Shilu. They joined and contributed a lot in

the discussion.

The whole discussion had lasted for 4.5 years, and a number of grammatical

issues were covered, for example, the object of the study of Chinese grammar, the

morphology, the syntax and the establishment of Chinese grammatical system, the

criticism of Chinese grammatical systems at that time, and also the relationship

between the study of Chinese grammar and other branches of linguistics such as

exegesis, etymology and lexicology.

The thesis sets to examine different aspects of this Chinese grammar reform.

Firstly the thesis discusses how and why this Chinese grammar reform took place,

then introduces scholars who took part in it. Next the thesis looks into what scholars

discussed, and looks into their proposals in reforming Chinese grammar together with

other grammatical issues raised in their discussion. For example, is it practical to

combine morphology and syntax of Chinese? Is it appropriate to design one

grammatical system for both ancient and modern Chinese languages? How to

categorize Chinese words? What should be considered in establishing a better

Chinese grammatical system? Scholars shared different opinions on these issues.

The thesis comments and criticizes these opinions.

The thesis also examines the contribution and the influence of this Chinese

reform in order to assess its importance in the history of the study of Chinese

grammar.</description.abstract>
<language>chi</language>
<publisher>The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)</publisher>
<relation.ispartof>HKU Theses Online (HKUTO)</relation.ispartof>
<rights>The author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.</rights>
<rights>Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License</rights>
<source.uri>http://hub.hku.hk/bib/B47869574</source.uri>
<subject.lcsh>Chinese language - Grammar.</subject.lcsh>
<title>A study of the issues of Chinese grammar reform (1938-1943)</title>
<type>PG_Thesis</type>
<identifier.hkul>b4786957</identifier.hkul>
<description.thesisname>Doctor of Philosophy</description.thesisname>
<description.thesislevel>doctoral</description.thesislevel>
<description.thesisdiscipline>Chinese</description.thesisdiscipline>
<description.nature>published_or_final_version</description.nature>
<date.hkucongregation>2012</date.hkucongregation>
<bitstream.url>http://hub.hku.hk/bitstream/10722/161535/1/FullText.pdf</bitstream.url>
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