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Article: Physical self-concept and social physique anxiety: Invariance across culture, gender and age

TitlePhysical self-concept and social physique anxiety: Invariance across culture, gender and age
Authors
KeywordsAnxiety
Body Image
Confirmatory Factor Analysis Impression Management
Cross-Cultural Issues
Health-Related Physical Activity
Self-Esteem
Issue Date2010
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.interscience.wiley.com/jpages/1532-3005/
Citation
Stress And Health, 2010, v. 26 n. 4, p. 304-329 How to Cite?
AbstractThis study examined the effects of culture, gender and age on the structure and mean levels of physical self-concept (PSC) and social physique anxiety (SPA) in adolescents from Portugal and Spain. An additional aim was to examine the effects of these variables on the PSC-SPA correlation. Adolescents (N = 3528, age range 12-18 years) completed the social physique anxiety scale and physical self-worth scale from the physical self-perception profile. Single-and multi-sample confirmatory factor analyses supported a two-factor model of PSC and SPA in the overall sample and within and across the culture, gender and age subsamples. Latent means analyses indicated that females tended to have significantly higher average SPA levels and lower PSC levels relative to males. There was a general downward trend in PSC in males and females in each cultural group. SPA was relatively consistent in females and higher than males in most groups. SPA was relatively similar in males and females in younger age groups (born 1994-1996), but declined in older males. SPA was similar in Portuguese males and females in the youngest age group (born 1996), but males tended to have lower scores in older age groups. Results generally support hypotheses and are discussed relative to self-presentation models and coping with appearance-related stress. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/161370
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.926
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.732
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHagger, MSen_US
dc.contributor.authorStevenson, Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorChatzisarantis, NLDen_US
dc.contributor.authorGaspar, PMPen_US
dc.contributor.authorFerreira, JPLen_US
dc.contributor.authorRavé, JMGen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-24T08:30:56Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-24T08:30:56Z-
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.identifier.citationStress And Health, 2010, v. 26 n. 4, p. 304-329en_US
dc.identifier.issn1532-3005en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/161370-
dc.description.abstractThis study examined the effects of culture, gender and age on the structure and mean levels of physical self-concept (PSC) and social physique anxiety (SPA) in adolescents from Portugal and Spain. An additional aim was to examine the effects of these variables on the PSC-SPA correlation. Adolescents (N = 3528, age range 12-18 years) completed the social physique anxiety scale and physical self-worth scale from the physical self-perception profile. Single-and multi-sample confirmatory factor analyses supported a two-factor model of PSC and SPA in the overall sample and within and across the culture, gender and age subsamples. Latent means analyses indicated that females tended to have significantly higher average SPA levels and lower PSC levels relative to males. There was a general downward trend in PSC in males and females in each cultural group. SPA was relatively consistent in females and higher than males in most groups. SPA was relatively similar in males and females in younger age groups (born 1994-1996), but declined in older males. SPA was similar in Portuguese males and females in the youngest age group (born 1996), but males tended to have lower scores in older age groups. Results generally support hypotheses and are discussed relative to self-presentation models and coping with appearance-related stress. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sons Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.interscience.wiley.com/jpages/1532-3005/en_US
dc.relation.ispartofStress and Healthen_US
dc.subjectAnxietyen_US
dc.subjectBody Imageen_US
dc.subjectConfirmatory Factor Analysis Impression Managementen_US
dc.subjectCross-Cultural Issuesen_US
dc.subjectHealth-Related Physical Activityen_US
dc.subjectSelf-Esteemen_US
dc.titlePhysical self-concept and social physique anxiety: Invariance across culture, gender and ageen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailHagger, MS:martin.hagger@nottingham.ac.uken_US
dc.identifier.authorityHagger, MS=rp01644en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/smi.1299en_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-77957963882en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-77957963882&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume26en_US
dc.identifier.issue4en_US
dc.identifier.spage304en_US
dc.identifier.epage329en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000283274800006-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHagger, MS=6602134841en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridStevenson, A=36341493400en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChatzisarantis, NLD=6602156578en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGaspar, PMP=21738933200en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFerreira, JPL=21739277700en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridRavé, JMG=6505791796en_US

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