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Article: The perceived autonomy support scale for exercise settings (PASSES): Development, validity, and cross-cultural invariance in young people

TitleThe perceived autonomy support scale for exercise settings (PASSES): Development, validity, and cross-cultural invariance in young people
Authors
KeywordsIntrinsic Motivation
Measurement
Physical Activity
Self-Determination Theory
Issue Date2007
PublisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/psychsport
Citation
Psychology Of Sport And Exercise, 2007, v. 8 n. 5, p. 632-653 How to Cite?
AbstractObjective: The study aimed to develop a perceived autonomy support scale for exercise settings (PASSES) in young people. Design: Cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Methods: In Study 1,432 school pupils responded to an initial pool of perceived autonomy support items with physical education (PE) teachers as the source of support. The validity of the initial factor structure of the PASSES was evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis. In Study 2, three versions of the PASSES were developed measuring perceived autonomy support from three sources: PE teachers, parents, and peers. British (N=210), Estonian (N=268), and Hungarian (N=235) school pupils completed each version. The proposed model of perceived autonomy support established in Study 1 was tested for structural invariance and mean differences across the three cultures. Results: In Study 1, the deletion of items contributing to model misspecification produced a final 12-item PASSES which exhibited acceptable fit with the data. The perceived autonomy support factor also demonstrated discriminant and convergent validity with regulation styles from the perceived locus of causality. In Study 2, the hypothesized model exhibited acceptable goodness-of-fit statistics in all samples and for all sources. The structure of the model was found to be invariant across the cultural groups for each source. Contrary to hypotheses, mean levels of perceived autonomy support from parents and peers were found to be higher in Estonian participants relative to their British and Hungarian counterparts. Conclusion: Results support the use of the PASSES as a valid measure of perceived autonomy support in exercise settings for three different sources in young people. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/161331
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.605
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.303
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHagger, MSen_US
dc.contributor.authorChatzisarantis, NLDen_US
dc.contributor.authorHein, Ven_US
dc.contributor.authorPihu, Men_US
dc.contributor.authorSoós, Ien_US
dc.contributor.authorKarsai, Ien_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-24T08:30:41Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-24T08:30:41Z-
dc.date.issued2007en_US
dc.identifier.citationPsychology Of Sport And Exercise, 2007, v. 8 n. 5, p. 632-653en_US
dc.identifier.issn1469-0292en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/161331-
dc.description.abstractObjective: The study aimed to develop a perceived autonomy support scale for exercise settings (PASSES) in young people. Design: Cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Methods: In Study 1,432 school pupils responded to an initial pool of perceived autonomy support items with physical education (PE) teachers as the source of support. The validity of the initial factor structure of the PASSES was evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis. In Study 2, three versions of the PASSES were developed measuring perceived autonomy support from three sources: PE teachers, parents, and peers. British (N=210), Estonian (N=268), and Hungarian (N=235) school pupils completed each version. The proposed model of perceived autonomy support established in Study 1 was tested for structural invariance and mean differences across the three cultures. Results: In Study 1, the deletion of items contributing to model misspecification produced a final 12-item PASSES which exhibited acceptable fit with the data. The perceived autonomy support factor also demonstrated discriminant and convergent validity with regulation styles from the perceived locus of causality. In Study 2, the hypothesized model exhibited acceptable goodness-of-fit statistics in all samples and for all sources. The structure of the model was found to be invariant across the cultural groups for each source. Contrary to hypotheses, mean levels of perceived autonomy support from parents and peers were found to be higher in Estonian participants relative to their British and Hungarian counterparts. Conclusion: Results support the use of the PASSES as a valid measure of perceived autonomy support in exercise settings for three different sources in young people. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/psychsporten_US
dc.relation.ispartofPsychology of Sport and Exerciseen_US
dc.subjectIntrinsic Motivationen_US
dc.subjectMeasurementen_US
dc.subjectPhysical Activityen_US
dc.subjectSelf-Determination Theoryen_US
dc.titleThe perceived autonomy support scale for exercise settings (PASSES): Development, validity, and cross-cultural invariance in young peopleen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailHagger, MS:martin.hagger@nottingham.ac.uken_US
dc.identifier.authorityHagger, MS=rp01644en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.psychsport.2006.09.001en_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-34547201449en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-34547201449&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume8en_US
dc.identifier.issue5en_US
dc.identifier.spage632en_US
dc.identifier.epage653en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000249631500005-
dc.publisher.placeNetherlandsen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHagger, MS=6602134841en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChatzisarantis, NLD=6602156578en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHein, V=6603362315en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPihu, M=16023095000en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSoós, I=9132381800en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKarsai, I=8440501000en_US

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