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Conference Paper: Measuring transcednence among Chinese older adults: a spiritual approach

TitleMeasuring transcednence among Chinese older adults: a spiritual approach
Authors
KeywordsGerontology and geriatrics
Issue Date2011
PublisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://gerontologist.gerontologyjournals.org
Citation
The 64th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America (GSA 2011), Boston, MA., 18-22 November 2011. In The Gerontologist, 2011, v. 51 suppl. 2, p. 328 How to Cite?
AbstractOBJECTIVE: Spiritual care is one of the key elements of the holistic care perspective. In our previous studies, we reflected that spirituality among Chinese older adults should be understood in a context of nonreligious lifestyle. This study aims to validate the spirituality measure, Transcendence Scale for Chinese Elders (TSCE). METHOD: The draft version of TSCE was developed based on focus groups, in-depth interviews and a Delphi process. Together with other standardized measures, including World Health Organization Quality of Life measures (WHOQoL), Purpose in Life (PIL), and Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PNAS), the 16-items, 5-point TSCE draft was administered to 825 older adults in Hong Kong and Shanghai. RESULTS: Face and content validity of TSCE were established during a Delphi process. Confirmatory factor analysis identified a six-item, one-factor model that showed satisfactory model fit indexes (SRMR=.036, C-CFI=.953, R-RMSEA=.063). The internal consistency reliability of the 6-item TSCE was satisfactory as indicated by Chronbach’s alpha of .70. TSCE also showed satisfactory criterion-related reliability as indicated by having moderate correlation with PNAS (r=.47), Purpose in Life (r=.35), and psychological well-being as measured by WHOQoL (r=.35). CONCLUSION: TSCE was developed to measure transcendence among Chinese older adults’ spirituality. Results of the present study showed that TSCE was a reliable and valid measure that assesses transcendence among the Chinese older population in which the social cultural context is featured by non-religious, relationship-oriented and interdependent self-construct. Implications for how to enhance spirituality among Chinese older adults will be discussed.
DescriptionThis journal suppl. contains 2011 GSA Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts
Session 1070 (Poster)
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/160892
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.168
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.584

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLou, Ven_US
dc.contributor.authorChan, CLYen_US
dc.contributor.authorLeung, DYPen_US
dc.contributor.authorFok, SSYen_US
dc.contributor.authorTsui, AKMen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-16T06:23:37Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-16T06:23:37Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe 64th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America (GSA 2011), Boston, MA., 18-22 November 2011. In The Gerontologist, 2011, v. 51 suppl. 2, p. 328en_US
dc.identifier.issn0016-9013-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/160892-
dc.descriptionThis journal suppl. contains 2011 GSA Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts-
dc.descriptionSession 1070 (Poster)-
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: Spiritual care is one of the key elements of the holistic care perspective. In our previous studies, we reflected that spirituality among Chinese older adults should be understood in a context of nonreligious lifestyle. This study aims to validate the spirituality measure, Transcendence Scale for Chinese Elders (TSCE). METHOD: The draft version of TSCE was developed based on focus groups, in-depth interviews and a Delphi process. Together with other standardized measures, including World Health Organization Quality of Life measures (WHOQoL), Purpose in Life (PIL), and Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PNAS), the 16-items, 5-point TSCE draft was administered to 825 older adults in Hong Kong and Shanghai. RESULTS: Face and content validity of TSCE were established during a Delphi process. Confirmatory factor analysis identified a six-item, one-factor model that showed satisfactory model fit indexes (SRMR=.036, C-CFI=.953, R-RMSEA=.063). The internal consistency reliability of the 6-item TSCE was satisfactory as indicated by Chronbach’s alpha of .70. TSCE also showed satisfactory criterion-related reliability as indicated by having moderate correlation with PNAS (r=.47), Purpose in Life (r=.35), and psychological well-being as measured by WHOQoL (r=.35). CONCLUSION: TSCE was developed to measure transcendence among Chinese older adults’ spirituality. Results of the present study showed that TSCE was a reliable and valid measure that assesses transcendence among the Chinese older population in which the social cultural context is featured by non-religious, relationship-oriented and interdependent self-construct. Implications for how to enhance spirituality among Chinese older adults will be discussed.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://gerontologist.gerontologyjournals.org-
dc.relation.ispartofThe Gerontologisten_US
dc.subjectGerontology and geriatrics-
dc.titleMeasuring transcednence among Chinese older adults: a spiritual approachen_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailLou, V: wlou@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailLeung, DYP: dorisl@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityLou, V=rp00607en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/geront/gns068-
dc.identifier.hkuros204359en_US
dc.identifier.volume51-
dc.identifier.issuesuppl. 2-
dc.identifier.spage328-
dc.identifier.epage328-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-
dc.description.otherThe 64th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America (GSA), Boston, MA., 18-22 November 2011. In The Gerontologist, 2011, v. 51 suppl. 2, p. 328-

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