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Article: Distinguishing norm-based from exemplar-based coding of identity in children: evidence from face identity aftereffects

TitleDistinguishing norm-based from exemplar-based coding of identity in children: evidence from face identity aftereffects
Authors
Issue Date2011
PublisherAmerican Psychological Association. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.apa.org/journals/xhp.html
Citation
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2011, v. 37 n. 6, p. 1824-1840 How to Cite?
AbstractChildren's performance on face identification tests improves dramatically between age 4 and adolescence, yet the source of this improvement is controversial. We used face identity aftereffects to examine whether changes in the organization of face-space during childhood could be a source of this improvement. Specifically we tested whether 7- to 9-year-old children, like adults, show patterns of aftereffects predicted by coding facial identity relative to a norm or the patterns predicted by exemplar-based coding. Consistent with use of norm-based coding children's aftereffects were larger (a) for opposite than non-opposite adapt-test pairs equated for perceptual similarity, and (b) for adaptors far from the average than for adaptors closer to the average. In addition, face identity aftereffects were present by age 5, suggesting adult-like face-space properties by 5, though we did not conduct specific tests to distinguish norm-based from exemplar-based coding in this age group. We conclude that children's poor face identification skills cannot be attributed to a failure to use norm-based coding.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/160683
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.425
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.893
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorJeffery, Len_US
dc.contributor.authorRhodes, Gen_US
dc.contributor.authorMcKone, Een_US
dc.contributor.authorPellicano, Een_US
dc.contributor.authorCrookes, Ken_US
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Een_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-16T06:16:22Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-16T06:16:22Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2011, v. 37 n. 6, p. 1824-1840en_US
dc.identifier.issn0096-1523-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/160683-
dc.description.abstractChildren's performance on face identification tests improves dramatically between age 4 and adolescence, yet the source of this improvement is controversial. We used face identity aftereffects to examine whether changes in the organization of face-space during childhood could be a source of this improvement. Specifically we tested whether 7- to 9-year-old children, like adults, show patterns of aftereffects predicted by coding facial identity relative to a norm or the patterns predicted by exemplar-based coding. Consistent with use of norm-based coding children's aftereffects were larger (a) for opposite than non-opposite adapt-test pairs equated for perceptual similarity, and (b) for adaptors far from the average than for adaptors closer to the average. In addition, face identity aftereffects were present by age 5, suggesting adult-like face-space properties by 5, though we did not conduct specific tests to distinguish norm-based from exemplar-based coding in this age group. We conclude that children's poor face identification skills cannot be attributed to a failure to use norm-based coding.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Association. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.apa.org/journals/xhp.html-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performanceen_US
dc.rightsJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. Copyright © American Psychological Association.-
dc.subject.meshAge Factors-
dc.subject.meshChild Psychology-
dc.subject.meshFigural Aftereffect-
dc.subject.meshPattern Recognition, Visual-
dc.subject.meshRecognition (Psychology)-
dc.titleDistinguishing norm-based from exemplar-based coding of identity in children: evidence from face identity aftereffectsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailJeffery, L: linda.jeffery@uwa.edu.auen_US
dc.identifier.emailCrookes, K: kcrookes@hku.hk-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1037/a0025643-
dc.identifier.pmid21967275-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-83055188667-
dc.identifier.hkuros205567en_US
dc.identifier.volume37en_US
dc.identifier.issue6-
dc.identifier.spage1824en_US
dc.identifier.epage1840en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000299553200014-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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