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Article: Paradigm Shifts in China’s Education Policy: 1950s-2000s

TitleParadigm Shifts in China’s Education Policy: 1950s-2000s
Authors
KeywordsEducation policy
China
Higher education
Education policy agenda
Issue Date2012
PublisherEducational Section of the Italian Sociological Association (AIS-EDU). The Journal's web site is located at http://www.ijse.eu/index.php/ijse/index
Citation
Italian Journal of Sociology of Education, 2012, v. 4 n. 1, p. 29-52 How to Cite?
AbstractDuring the past 60 years of China’s socialist construction, its higher education policy has experienced dramatic paradigm shifts in line with the nation’s transformation from a planned to a market economy. During the 1950s-1970s, the paramount principle of education policy was political in nature and effect. While the fundamental values of education equity were based on the Chinese communist political ideology and education was treated as a public good, equal opportunities were not necessarily guaranteed. Since 1978, contribution to economic growth was prioritised on China’s education policy agenda. The political function of education was downgraded to favour a strategy that would accelerate China’s march toward economic modernisation. Priority has been shifted from equity to efficiency that is measured almost exclusively in financial terms. Within this process, new winners and losers have been created, with the former far outnumbered by the latter. By tracing current practices to their social and historical roots in order to grasp the essence of paradigm shifts in China’s higher education policy during the past six decades, this article argues that as a kind of social action, education policy requires to be observed within certain social, historical environment.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/159960
ISSN

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYang, Ren_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-16T06:00:08Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-16T06:00:08Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationItalian Journal of Sociology of Education, 2012, v. 4 n. 1, p. 29-52en_US
dc.identifier.issn2035-4983-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/159960-
dc.description.abstractDuring the past 60 years of China’s socialist construction, its higher education policy has experienced dramatic paradigm shifts in line with the nation’s transformation from a planned to a market economy. During the 1950s-1970s, the paramount principle of education policy was political in nature and effect. While the fundamental values of education equity were based on the Chinese communist political ideology and education was treated as a public good, equal opportunities were not necessarily guaranteed. Since 1978, contribution to economic growth was prioritised on China’s education policy agenda. The political function of education was downgraded to favour a strategy that would accelerate China’s march toward economic modernisation. Priority has been shifted from equity to efficiency that is measured almost exclusively in financial terms. Within this process, new winners and losers have been created, with the former far outnumbered by the latter. By tracing current practices to their social and historical roots in order to grasp the essence of paradigm shifts in China’s higher education policy during the past six decades, this article argues that as a kind of social action, education policy requires to be observed within certain social, historical environment.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherEducational Section of the Italian Sociological Association (AIS-EDU). The Journal's web site is located at http://www.ijse.eu/index.php/ijse/index-
dc.relation.ispartofItalian Journal of Sociology of Educationen_US
dc.subjectEducation policy-
dc.subjectChina-
dc.subjectHigher education-
dc.subjectEducation policy agenda-
dc.titleParadigm Shifts in China’s Education Policy: 1950s-2000sen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailYang, R: yangrui@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityYang, R=rp00980en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltext-
dc.identifier.hkuros202711en_US
dc.identifier.volume4en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
dc.identifier.spage29en_US
dc.identifier.epage52en_US
dc.publisher.placeItaly-

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