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Article: Psychological Correlates of Violent and Non-violent Hong Kong Juvenile Probationers

TitlePsychological Correlates of Violent and Non-violent Hong Kong Juvenile Probationers
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jhome/3512
Citation
Behavioral Sciences And The Law, 2012, v. 30 n. 2, p. 103-120 How to Cite?
AbstractThere is little known about Hong Kong juvenile offenders on probation. The purpose of this study was to compare Hong Kong juvenile violent with non-violent probationers on static demographic and psychological variables. The study comprised 109 male juvenile probationers aged 14-20years (M=16.97, SD=1.44) in community transitional housing; 34 were adjudicated for violent offenses, while 75 were non-violent. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Social Bonding Scale-Theft (SBS-T), Social Bonding Scale-Violent Crime (SBS-VC), Positive and Negative Affect Scales (PANAS), Impulsiveness Scale-Short Form (IS-SF) and CRIME-PICS II were administered to measure self-esteem, life satisfaction, social bond, positive and negative affect, impulsivity, pro-offending attitudes, and self-perceived life problems. Data on onset age of delinquent behavior, age of first adjudication, number of prior adjudications, and frequency of self-reported delinquency in the past year were also collected. t-tests were consistent with significant differences for violent offenders including higher self-esteem (p<0.05). Non-violent offenders self-reported significantly more theft (p<0.05) with a tendency to deny victim hurt more often (p<0.01); 76.5% of violent offenders self-reported both violent and non-violent crime, while 58.7% of non-violent offenders reported only non-violent crime. For violent and non-violent offenders, the onset of delinquency was inversely related to the frequency of self-reported delinquency. Using ordinary least-squares (OLS) regression analyses, self-anticipated violent reoffending risk was predicted by age of onset, frequency of self-reported delinquency, social bond (inversely), and impulsivity, while non-violent reoffending risk was predicted by the number of prior convictions and self-reported delinquency. Only two psychological correlates, social bond and impulsivity, were related to violent delinquency; interventions are suggested. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/159852
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.055
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.736
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChan, HCOen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChui, WHen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-16T05:58:19Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-16T05:58:19Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_HK
dc.identifier.citationBehavioral Sciences And The Law, 2012, v. 30 n. 2, p. 103-120en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0735-3936en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/159852-
dc.description.abstractThere is little known about Hong Kong juvenile offenders on probation. The purpose of this study was to compare Hong Kong juvenile violent with non-violent probationers on static demographic and psychological variables. The study comprised 109 male juvenile probationers aged 14-20years (M=16.97, SD=1.44) in community transitional housing; 34 were adjudicated for violent offenses, while 75 were non-violent. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Social Bonding Scale-Theft (SBS-T), Social Bonding Scale-Violent Crime (SBS-VC), Positive and Negative Affect Scales (PANAS), Impulsiveness Scale-Short Form (IS-SF) and CRIME-PICS II were administered to measure self-esteem, life satisfaction, social bond, positive and negative affect, impulsivity, pro-offending attitudes, and self-perceived life problems. Data on onset age of delinquent behavior, age of first adjudication, number of prior adjudications, and frequency of self-reported delinquency in the past year were also collected. t-tests were consistent with significant differences for violent offenders including higher self-esteem (p<0.05). Non-violent offenders self-reported significantly more theft (p<0.05) with a tendency to deny victim hurt more often (p<0.01); 76.5% of violent offenders self-reported both violent and non-violent crime, while 58.7% of non-violent offenders reported only non-violent crime. For violent and non-violent offenders, the onset of delinquency was inversely related to the frequency of self-reported delinquency. Using ordinary least-squares (OLS) regression analyses, self-anticipated violent reoffending risk was predicted by age of onset, frequency of self-reported delinquency, social bond (inversely), and impulsivity, while non-violent reoffending risk was predicted by the number of prior convictions and self-reported delinquency. Only two psychological correlates, social bond and impulsivity, were related to violent delinquency; interventions are suggested. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sons Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jhome/3512en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofBehavioral Sciences and the Lawen_HK
dc.rightsBehavioral Sciences and the Law. Copyright © John Wiley & Sons.en_US
dc.rightsSpecial Statement for Preprint only Before publication: 'This is a preprint of an article accepted for publication in [The Journal of Pathology] Copyright © ([year]) ([Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland])'. After publication: the preprint notice should be amended to follows: 'This is a preprint of an article published in [include the complete citation information for the final version of the Contribution as published in the print edition of the Journal]' For Cochrane Library/ Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, add statement & acknowledgement : ‘This review is published as a Cochrane Review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 20XX, Issue X. Cochrane Reviews are regularly updated as new evidence emerges and in response to comments and criticisms, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews should be consulted for the most recent version of the Review.’ Please include reference to the Review and hyperlink to the original version using the following format e.g. Authors. Title of Review. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 20XX, Issue #. Art. No.: CD00XXXX. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD00XXXX (insert persistent link to the article by using the URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD00XXXX) (This statement should refer to the most recent issue of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews in which the Review published.)en_US
dc.titlePsychological Correlates of Violent and Non-violent Hong Kong Juvenile Probationersen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailChui, WH: ericchui@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityChui, WH=rp00854en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/bsl.2003en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid22362616-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84859745737en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros204405en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-84859745737&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume30en_HK
dc.identifier.issue2en_HK
dc.identifier.spage103en_HK
dc.identifier.epage120en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000302705400003-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChan, HCO=55013834600en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChui, WH=7003524702en_HK

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