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Conference Paper: Chronic fatigue and burnout: a crisis of faith?

TitleChronic fatigue and burnout: a crisis of faith?
Authors
KeywordsMedical sciences
Issue Date2012
PublisherSpringer New York LLC. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.springer.com/medicine/journal/12160
Citation
The 33rd Annual Meeting and Scientific Sessions of the Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM 2012), New Orleans, LA., 11-14 April 2012. In Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2012 v. 43 n. 1 suppl., p. S243, abstract D117 How to Cite?
AbstractFatigue is a widely recognized hazard to occupational safety and health (OSH). Its similarity with burnout has baffled OSH management. Limited research evidence suggests job burnout precedes chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and ill health. Underlying mechanisms are nevertheless unclear. Job burnout entails a “crisis of faith” or cynicism in the meaning of work which might undermine one’s spirituality. This study aimed to investigate the role of spirituality in the relations between burnout and chronic fatigue and health. A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 283 CFS patients in Hong Kong. Both the mediating and moderating effect models of spirituality were tested with Hierarchical Regression Analysis. The results revealed while both the main effects of job burnout and spirituality on chronic fatigue (β=.426, p<.01; β=-.146, p<.05) and ill health (β=.239, p<.01; β=-.407, p<.01) were significant, neither of the interaction effects between burnout and spirituality on chronic fatigue and ill health was significant (p>.05). Contrarily, spirituality was found to partially mediate the relations between burnout and chronic fatigue (Sobel test=2.258, p<.05) and ill health (Sobel test=5.792, p<.01). Further tests on burnout dimensions showed partial mediating effects of spirituality on the relations between exhaustion and chronic fatigue (Sobel test =3.344, p<.01) and ill health (Sobel test=6.035, p<.01), partial mediating effects of spirituality on the relations between cynicism and chronic fatigue (Sobel test=3.786, p<.01) and ill health (Sobel test=6.226, p<.01), and full mediating effects of spirituality on the relations between work-related efficacy and chronic fatigue (Sobel test=-5.483, p<.01) and ill health (Sobel test=-7.282, p<.01). The research findings suggest that burnout contributes to chronic fatigue and ill health partly through undermining one’s spirituality. Interventions to enhance spirituality at work, such as understanding organization mission and their implications to the meaning of one’s work, are advocated to prevent chronic fatigue and ill health.
DescriptionThis journal suppl. contain abstracts of the 2012 SBM Annual Meeting
Meeting Theme: Engaging New Partners & Perspectives
Poster Session D: D117
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/159837
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.195
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.112

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWang, Xen_US
dc.contributor.authorChan, Cen_US
dc.contributor.authorZhu, XYen_US
dc.contributor.authorNg, SMen_US
dc.contributor.authorChan, Jen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-16T05:58:15Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-16T05:58:15Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe 33rd Annual Meeting and Scientific Sessions of the Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM 2012), New Orleans, LA., 11-14 April 2012. In Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2012 v. 43 n. 1 suppl., p. S243, abstract D117en_US
dc.identifier.issn0883-6612-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/159837-
dc.descriptionThis journal suppl. contain abstracts of the 2012 SBM Annual Meeting-
dc.descriptionMeeting Theme: Engaging New Partners & Perspectives-
dc.descriptionPoster Session D: D117-
dc.description.abstractFatigue is a widely recognized hazard to occupational safety and health (OSH). Its similarity with burnout has baffled OSH management. Limited research evidence suggests job burnout precedes chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and ill health. Underlying mechanisms are nevertheless unclear. Job burnout entails a “crisis of faith” or cynicism in the meaning of work which might undermine one’s spirituality. This study aimed to investigate the role of spirituality in the relations between burnout and chronic fatigue and health. A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 283 CFS patients in Hong Kong. Both the mediating and moderating effect models of spirituality were tested with Hierarchical Regression Analysis. The results revealed while both the main effects of job burnout and spirituality on chronic fatigue (β=.426, p<.01; β=-.146, p<.05) and ill health (β=.239, p<.01; β=-.407, p<.01) were significant, neither of the interaction effects between burnout and spirituality on chronic fatigue and ill health was significant (p>.05). Contrarily, spirituality was found to partially mediate the relations between burnout and chronic fatigue (Sobel test=2.258, p<.05) and ill health (Sobel test=5.792, p<.01). Further tests on burnout dimensions showed partial mediating effects of spirituality on the relations between exhaustion and chronic fatigue (Sobel test =3.344, p<.01) and ill health (Sobel test=6.035, p<.01), partial mediating effects of spirituality on the relations between cynicism and chronic fatigue (Sobel test=3.786, p<.01) and ill health (Sobel test=6.226, p<.01), and full mediating effects of spirituality on the relations between work-related efficacy and chronic fatigue (Sobel test=-5.483, p<.01) and ill health (Sobel test=-7.282, p<.01). The research findings suggest that burnout contributes to chronic fatigue and ill health partly through undermining one’s spirituality. Interventions to enhance spirituality at work, such as understanding organization mission and their implications to the meaning of one’s work, are advocated to prevent chronic fatigue and ill health.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherSpringer New York LLC. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.springer.com/medicine/journal/12160-
dc.relation.ispartofAnnals of Behavioral Medicineen_US
dc.rightsThe original publication is available at www.springerlink.com-
dc.subjectMedical sciences-
dc.titleChronic fatigue and burnout: a crisis of faith?en_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailWang, X: wangxl@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailChan, C: cecichan@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailNg, SM: ngsiuman@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailChan, J: chansm5@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityWang, X=rp00877en_US
dc.identifier.authorityChan, C=rp00579en_US
dc.identifier.authorityNg, SM=rp00611en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros204131en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros204178-
dc.identifier.volume43en_US
dc.identifier.issue1 suppl.-
dc.identifier.spageS243en_US
dc.identifier.epageS243en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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