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postgraduate thesis: Functional analyses of type IIA procollagen in embryo development

TitleFunctional analyses of type IIA procollagen in embryo development
Authors
Issue Date2006
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Leung, W. A. [梁瑋倫]. (2006). Functional analyses of type IIA procollagen in embryo development. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4501548
AbstractType II collagen is the major extracellular matrix (ECM) protein present in cartilage and is detected in non-chondrogenic tissues such as the heart and the neural tube during developmental stages involving rapid tissue morphogenesis indicating an active role played by the collagen in embryogenesis. Type II collagen is synthesized as a procollagen precursor which has amino- and carboxyl-terminal globular extensions (N- and C-propeptides) flanking a central triple helical domain. Two isoforms of type II procollagen are generated by alternative mRNA splicing of the exon 2: IIA and IIB. Sequence present in the N-propeptide of IIA, translated from the spliced-in exon 2, encodes a von Willebrand factor-like C cysteine rich (CR) domain. This domain is homologous to those present in regulators of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling such as chordin (Chd), twisted gastrulation (Tsg) and crossveinless (Cv). Previous in vitro binding assays and overexpression studies in frog embryo suggest that the CR domain of IIA antagonized BMP signaling. In order to give a better understanding of the function of IIA in embryonic development and cellular signaling, several approaches including expression pattern analyses, phenotypic analyses of null mutant and gain of function studies are employed in this study. Expression studies of IIA mRNA in early postimplantation mouse embryos find that it is present in the axial mesendoderm (including the anterior definitive endoderm [ADE] and the prechordal plate) which is a critical head organizer at neural plate (E7.5) and head process (E8.0) stages. Characterization of the IIA deficient mice (IIA-/-), constructed by removing exon 2 from type II collagen (Col2a1) gene by homologous recombination, indeed reveals that the anterior-most neural tissue is deficient at early somitogenesis denoted by reduction/loss of the forebrain/optic cup markers. Marker studies indicate that the ADE may already be affected at the neural plate stage in IIA-/-. The neural phenotype of IIA-/- displays significant similarities with mutants deficient in BMP pathway components such as Chd-/-;Nog+/-, Tsg-/- and Tsg-/-;BMP4+/- suggesting that IIA plays a role in maintaining the specification and/or regulating the signaling properties of the anterior midline tissue which involves regulation of BMP signaling. Results of ectopic expression of IIA in Xenopus laevis embryos suggest that IIA regulate BMP and the related Nodal signaling pathways in a context dependent manner which has significant implications in normal anterior neural plate development. Based on the work described in this thesis and the body of existing evidence, a model is presented which suggests that IIA promote/maintain anterior neural plate development by regulating the range and extent of BMP signaling in the anterior neural plate. This study sheds light on the role of an ECM component in regulating tissue patterning and cellular signaling during early mouse development and also provides putative function for the CR domain of other fibrillar procollagens including type I, III and V which is poorly understood currently. This work will provide the framework for the design of subsequent studies in re-examining the role of these fibrillar procollagens in embryogenesis.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectCollagen.
Extracellular matrix proteins.
Developmental biology.
Mice - Embryos.
Dept/ProgramBiochemistry

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLeung, Wai-lun, Alan.-
dc.contributor.author梁瑋倫.-
dc.date.issued2006-
dc.identifier.citationLeung, W. A. [梁瑋倫]. (2006). Functional analyses of type IIA procollagen in embryo development. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4501548-
dc.description.abstractType II collagen is the major extracellular matrix (ECM) protein present in cartilage and is detected in non-chondrogenic tissues such as the heart and the neural tube during developmental stages involving rapid tissue morphogenesis indicating an active role played by the collagen in embryogenesis. Type II collagen is synthesized as a procollagen precursor which has amino- and carboxyl-terminal globular extensions (N- and C-propeptides) flanking a central triple helical domain. Two isoforms of type II procollagen are generated by alternative mRNA splicing of the exon 2: IIA and IIB. Sequence present in the N-propeptide of IIA, translated from the spliced-in exon 2, encodes a von Willebrand factor-like C cysteine rich (CR) domain. This domain is homologous to those present in regulators of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling such as chordin (Chd), twisted gastrulation (Tsg) and crossveinless (Cv). Previous in vitro binding assays and overexpression studies in frog embryo suggest that the CR domain of IIA antagonized BMP signaling. In order to give a better understanding of the function of IIA in embryonic development and cellular signaling, several approaches including expression pattern analyses, phenotypic analyses of null mutant and gain of function studies are employed in this study. Expression studies of IIA mRNA in early postimplantation mouse embryos find that it is present in the axial mesendoderm (including the anterior definitive endoderm [ADE] and the prechordal plate) which is a critical head organizer at neural plate (E7.5) and head process (E8.0) stages. Characterization of the IIA deficient mice (IIA-/-), constructed by removing exon 2 from type II collagen (Col2a1) gene by homologous recombination, indeed reveals that the anterior-most neural tissue is deficient at early somitogenesis denoted by reduction/loss of the forebrain/optic cup markers. Marker studies indicate that the ADE may already be affected at the neural plate stage in IIA-/-. The neural phenotype of IIA-/- displays significant similarities with mutants deficient in BMP pathway components such as Chd-/-;Nog+/-, Tsg-/- and Tsg-/-;BMP4+/- suggesting that IIA plays a role in maintaining the specification and/or regulating the signaling properties of the anterior midline tissue which involves regulation of BMP signaling. Results of ectopic expression of IIA in Xenopus laevis embryos suggest that IIA regulate BMP and the related Nodal signaling pathways in a context dependent manner which has significant implications in normal anterior neural plate development. Based on the work described in this thesis and the body of existing evidence, a model is presented which suggests that IIA promote/maintain anterior neural plate development by regulating the range and extent of BMP signaling in the anterior neural plate. This study sheds light on the role of an ECM component in regulating tissue patterning and cellular signaling during early mouse development and also provides putative function for the CR domain of other fibrillar procollagens including type I, III and V which is poorly understood currently. This work will provide the framework for the design of subsequent studies in re-examining the role of these fibrillar procollagens in embryogenesis.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B4501548X-
dc.subject.lcshCollagen.-
dc.subject.lcshExtracellular matrix proteins.-
dc.subject.lcshDevelopmental biology.-
dc.subject.lcshMice - Embryos.-
dc.titleFunctional analyses of type IIA procollagen in embryo development-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4501548-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineBiochemistry-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4501548-
dc.date.hkucongregation2006-

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