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Article: Challenges and strategies for greening the compact city of Hong Kong

TitleChallenges and strategies for greening the compact city of Hong Kong
Authors
KeywordsGreen Network
Sky Garden
Skyscraper Farm
Urban Green Spaces (UGS)
Issue Date2012
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.pubs.asce.org/journals/up.html
Citation
Journal of Urban Planning and Development, 2012, v. 138 n. 2, p. 101-109 How to Cite?
AbstractA compact city is a special urban form with inherent physical, social, and institutional constraints on greenery that obstruct the achievement of sustainability. In this study, Hong Kong is used as a case to assess the constraints and challenges related to urban green spaces (UGS) development in compact cities. Strategies to overcome these obstacles and improve the UGS conditions are developed. Opportunities to implement the strategies are then evaluated. Because compact cities have extremely limited space allocated for UGS on the ground level, strategies to optimize the layouts of green spaces and seek additional spaces above or below the ground level, such as vertical green surfaces or structures, green roofs, and podiums, are possible solutions. Measures to implement the strategies are summarized as (1) reorganizing the departments and offices related to UGS and clarifying their individual responsibilities to increase their efficiency; (2) encouraging citizen participation; (3) establishing proper legal basis; (4) forming a comparatively connected comprehensive green network of green sources and green sinks with ground-level green spaces, skyscraper farms, and sky gardens, all with optimal layouts; (5) maintaining and repairing UGS after construction; and (6) selecting species of plants that will thrive in specific green spaces. The compact form of Hong Kong provides many chances to implement these strategies. The study increases understanding of the critical factors behind the success or failure of UGS development in one of the most compact cities in the world and provides suggestions for strategic and policy-related measures for the provision and management of UGS in other congested areas. © 2012 American Society of Civil Engineers.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/157944
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.246
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.619
ISI Accession Number ID
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Natural Science Youth Foundation of China41101076
University of Hong Kong
Funding Information:

The authors convey their gratitude to the research grant support kindly provided by the National Natural Science Youth Foundation of China (Grant 41101076) and the University of Hong Kong.

References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorTian, Yen_US
dc.contributor.authorJim, CYen_US
dc.contributor.authorTao, Yen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-08T08:56:27Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-08T08:56:27Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Urban Planning and Development, 2012, v. 138 n. 2, p. 101-109en_US
dc.identifier.issn0733-9488en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/157944-
dc.description.abstractA compact city is a special urban form with inherent physical, social, and institutional constraints on greenery that obstruct the achievement of sustainability. In this study, Hong Kong is used as a case to assess the constraints and challenges related to urban green spaces (UGS) development in compact cities. Strategies to overcome these obstacles and improve the UGS conditions are developed. Opportunities to implement the strategies are then evaluated. Because compact cities have extremely limited space allocated for UGS on the ground level, strategies to optimize the layouts of green spaces and seek additional spaces above or below the ground level, such as vertical green surfaces or structures, green roofs, and podiums, are possible solutions. Measures to implement the strategies are summarized as (1) reorganizing the departments and offices related to UGS and clarifying their individual responsibilities to increase their efficiency; (2) encouraging citizen participation; (3) establishing proper legal basis; (4) forming a comparatively connected comprehensive green network of green sources and green sinks with ground-level green spaces, skyscraper farms, and sky gardens, all with optimal layouts; (5) maintaining and repairing UGS after construction; and (6) selecting species of plants that will thrive in specific green spaces. The compact form of Hong Kong provides many chances to implement these strategies. The study increases understanding of the critical factors behind the success or failure of UGS development in one of the most compact cities in the world and provides suggestions for strategic and policy-related measures for the provision and management of UGS in other congested areas. © 2012 American Society of Civil Engineers.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.pubs.asce.org/journals/up.htmlen_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Urban Planning and Developmenten_US
dc.rightsJournal of Urban Planning and Development. Copyright © American Society of Civil Engineers.-
dc.subjectGreen Networken_US
dc.subjectSky Gardenen_US
dc.subjectSkyscraper Farmen_US
dc.subjectUrban Green Spaces (UGS)en_US
dc.titleChallenges and strategies for greening the compact city of Hong Kongen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailJim, CY: hragjcy@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityJim, CY=rp00549en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000076en_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84862188429en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros207795-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-84862188429&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume138en_US
dc.identifier.issue2en_US
dc.identifier.spage101en_US
dc.identifier.epage109en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000305091500001-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTian, Y=7402841077en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridJim, CY=7006143750en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTao, Y=37100724000en_US

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