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Article: The forest fires in Indonesia 1997-98: Possible causes and pervasive consequences

TitleThe forest fires in Indonesia 1997-98: Possible causes and pervasive consequences
Authors
Issue Date1999
Citation
Geography, 1999, v. 84 n. 3, p. 251-260 How to Cite?
AbstractThe recent (September 1997 to June 1998) forest fires in Indonesia represent an unprecedented ecological disaster. The pre-condition for rampant burning was a prolonged drought triggered by the El Nino, but prevailing land use and land management conditions were such that a disaster of this kind was inevitable. The humid-tropical nation has little experience of dry weather, and people adhere to deeply-ingrained fire-using habits. Fire has long been used as a cheap means for land clearance by farmers and by plantation and forestry-concession owners. Hundreds of hotspots flared up within a short period, with marked clustering in Kalimantan and Sumatra. Some 1.5 million ba have been burnt, including valuable protected areas. The remoteness of the locations and lack of resources, organisation and expertise combined to make fire control impossible, and the smoke soon spread to neighbouring countries, bringing health problems and heavy economic losses. Ecological damage includes disruption of ecosystem functions and habitats, the decimation of plant and animal life, including endangered species, and irreparable losses in biodiversity. Given the institutional obstacles and recent economic decline in Indonesia, the prognosis is not an optimistic one.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/157810
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.719
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.221
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorJim, CYen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-08T08:55:46Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-08T08:55:46Z-
dc.date.issued1999en_US
dc.identifier.citationGeography, 1999, v. 84 n. 3, p. 251-260en_US
dc.identifier.issn0016-7487en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/157810-
dc.description.abstractThe recent (September 1997 to June 1998) forest fires in Indonesia represent an unprecedented ecological disaster. The pre-condition for rampant burning was a prolonged drought triggered by the El Nino, but prevailing land use and land management conditions were such that a disaster of this kind was inevitable. The humid-tropical nation has little experience of dry weather, and people adhere to deeply-ingrained fire-using habits. Fire has long been used as a cheap means for land clearance by farmers and by plantation and forestry-concession owners. Hundreds of hotspots flared up within a short period, with marked clustering in Kalimantan and Sumatra. Some 1.5 million ba have been burnt, including valuable protected areas. The remoteness of the locations and lack of resources, organisation and expertise combined to make fire control impossible, and the smoke soon spread to neighbouring countries, bringing health problems and heavy economic losses. Ecological damage includes disruption of ecosystem functions and habitats, the decimation of plant and animal life, including endangered species, and irreparable losses in biodiversity. Given the institutional obstacles and recent economic decline in Indonesia, the prognosis is not an optimistic one.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.relation.ispartofGeographyen_US
dc.titleThe forest fires in Indonesia 1997-98: Possible causes and pervasive consequencesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailJim, CY:hragjcy@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityJim, CY=rp00549en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0032866015en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros42877-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0032866015&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume84en_US
dc.identifier.issue3en_US
dc.identifier.spage251en_US
dc.identifier.epage260en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridJim, CY=7006143750en_US

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