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Article: Genetic status of asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus) reintroduced into South Korea based on mitochondrial DNA and microsatellite loci analysis

TitleGenetic status of asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus) reintroduced into South Korea based on mitochondrial DNA and microsatellite loci analysis
Authors
Issue Date2011
PublisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://jhered.oxfordjournals.org/
Citation
Journal Of Heredity, 2011, v. 102 n. 2, p. 165-174 How to Cite?
AbstractThe Asiatic black bear is one of the most endangered mammals in South Korea owing to population declines resulting from human exploitation and habitat fragmentation. To restore the black bear population in South Korea, 27 bear cubs from North Korea and Russian Far East (Primorsky Krai) were imported and released into Jirisan National Park, a reservoir of the largest wild population in South Korea, in 2004. To monitor the success of this reintroduction, the genetic diversity and population structure of the reintroduced black bears were measured using both mitochondrial and nuclear DNA markers. Mitochondrial D-loop region DNA sequences (615 bp) of 43 Japanese black bears from previous study and 14 Southeast Asian black bears in this study were employed to obtain phylogenetic inference of the reintroduced black bears. The mitochondrial phylogeny indicated Asiatic black bear populations from Russian Far East and North Korea form a single evolutionary unit distinct from populations from Japan and Southeast Asia. Mean expected heterozygosity (H E) across 16 microsatellite loci was 0.648 for Russian and 0.676 for North Korean populations. There was a moderate but significant level of microsatellite differentiation (F ST = 0.063) between black bears from the 2 source areas. In addition, genetic evidences revealed that 2 populations are represented as diverging groups, with lingering genetic admixture among individuals of 2 source populations. Relatedness analysis based on genetic markers indicated several discrepancies with the pedigree records. Implication of the phylogenetic and genetic evidences on long-term management of Asiatic black bears in South Korea is discussed. © 2011 The American Genetic Association. 2011. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/157618
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.075
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.024
ISI Accession Number ID
Funding AgencyGrant Number
JNP Southern Office
National Institute of Biological Resources, Korean Government074-1800-1844-304
Funding Information:

This work was partially supported by the year 2005 grant titled "Assessment of genetic information of Korean black bears" funded by JNP Southern Office and the year-2009 grant titled "The genetic evaluation of important biological resources" (No. 074-1800-1844-304) funded by The National Institute of Biological Resources, Korean Government.

References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorKim, YKen_US
dc.contributor.authorHong, YJen_US
dc.contributor.authorMin, MSen_US
dc.contributor.authorKim, KSen_US
dc.contributor.authorKim, YJen_US
dc.contributor.authorVoloshina, Ien_US
dc.contributor.authorMyslenkov, Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorSmith, GJDen_US
dc.contributor.authorCuong, NDen_US
dc.contributor.authorTho, HHen_US
dc.contributor.authorHan, SHen_US
dc.contributor.authorYang, DHen_US
dc.contributor.authorKim, CBen_US
dc.contributor.authorLee, Hen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-08T08:51:43Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-08T08:51:43Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Heredity, 2011, v. 102 n. 2, p. 165-174en_US
dc.identifier.issn0022-1503en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/157618-
dc.description.abstractThe Asiatic black bear is one of the most endangered mammals in South Korea owing to population declines resulting from human exploitation and habitat fragmentation. To restore the black bear population in South Korea, 27 bear cubs from North Korea and Russian Far East (Primorsky Krai) were imported and released into Jirisan National Park, a reservoir of the largest wild population in South Korea, in 2004. To monitor the success of this reintroduction, the genetic diversity and population structure of the reintroduced black bears were measured using both mitochondrial and nuclear DNA markers. Mitochondrial D-loop region DNA sequences (615 bp) of 43 Japanese black bears from previous study and 14 Southeast Asian black bears in this study were employed to obtain phylogenetic inference of the reintroduced black bears. The mitochondrial phylogeny indicated Asiatic black bear populations from Russian Far East and North Korea form a single evolutionary unit distinct from populations from Japan and Southeast Asia. Mean expected heterozygosity (H E) across 16 microsatellite loci was 0.648 for Russian and 0.676 for North Korean populations. There was a moderate but significant level of microsatellite differentiation (F ST = 0.063) between black bears from the 2 source areas. In addition, genetic evidences revealed that 2 populations are represented as diverging groups, with lingering genetic admixture among individuals of 2 source populations. Relatedness analysis based on genetic markers indicated several discrepancies with the pedigree records. Implication of the phylogenetic and genetic evidences on long-term management of Asiatic black bears in South Korea is discussed. © 2011 The American Genetic Association. 2011. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://jhered.oxfordjournals.org/en_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Heredityen_US
dc.subject.meshAnimalsen_US
dc.subject.meshDna, Mitochondrial - Geneticsen_US
dc.subject.meshGenetic Variationen_US
dc.subject.meshGenetics, Populationen_US
dc.subject.meshGenotypeen_US
dc.subject.meshMicrosatellite Repeats - Geneticsen_US
dc.subject.meshMitochondria - Geneticsen_US
dc.subject.meshMolecular Sequence Dataen_US
dc.subject.meshPhylogenyen_US
dc.subject.meshRepublic Of Koreaen_US
dc.subject.meshUrsidae - Geneticsen_US
dc.titleGenetic status of asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus) reintroduced into South Korea based on mitochondrial DNA and microsatellite loci analysisen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailSmith, GJD:gjsmith@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authoritySmith, GJD=rp00444en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/jhered/esq121en_US
dc.identifier.pmid21325020-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-79951992610en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-79951992610&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume102en_US
dc.identifier.issue2en_US
dc.identifier.spage165en_US
dc.identifier.epage174en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000287496700003-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKim, YK=41861758300en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHong, YJ=24802264100en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMin, MS=7005546715en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKim, KS=34769787500en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKim, YJ=34975049800en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridVoloshina, I=6602686625en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMyslenkov, A=6504823951en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSmith, GJD=8344015800en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCuong, ND=41861313900en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTho, HH=35333186800en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHan, SH=35199840300en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYang, DH=41862706900en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKim, CB=8592169200en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLee, H=7501476836en_US
dc.identifier.citeulike8957801-

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