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Article: Familial and cultural perceptions and beliefs of oral hygiene and dietary practices among ethnically and socio-economically diverse groups

TitleFamilial and cultural perceptions and beliefs of oral hygiene and dietary practices among ethnically and socio-economically diverse groups
Authors
KeywordsAttitudes
Behaviour
Child
Dental Health
Efficacy
Parent
Issue Date2004
PublisherF D I World Dental Press Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.fdiworldental.org/resources/4_3community.html
Citation
Community Dental Health, 2004, v. 21 n. 1 SUPPL., p. 102-111 How to Cite?
AbstractObjective: The aim of this international study was to develop a valid and reliable psychometric measure to examine the extent to which parents' attitudes about engaging in twice-daily tooth brushing and controlling sugar snacking predict these respective behaviours in their children. A supplementary objective was to assess whether ethnic group, culture, level of deprivation or children's caries experience impact upon the relationships between oral health related behaviours, attitudes to these respective behaviours and to dental caries. Clinical setting: nurseries, health centres and dental clinics in 17 countries. Participants: 2822 children aged 3 to 4 years and their parents. Main outcome measures: Dental examination of children and questionnaire to parents. Results: factor analysis identified 8 coherent attitudes towards toothbrushing, sugar snacking and childhood caries. Attitudes were significantly different in families from deprived and non-deprived backgrounds and in families of children with and without caries. Parents' perception of their ability to control their children's toothbrushing and sugar snacking habits were the most significant predictors of whether or not favourable habits were reported. Some differences were found by site and ethnic group. Conclusions: this study supports the hypothesis that parental attitudes significantly impact on the establishment of habits favourable to oral health. An appreciation of the impact of cultural and ethnic diversity is important in understanding how parental attitudes to oral health vary. Further research should examine in a prospective intervention whether enhancing parenting skills is an effective route to preventing childhood caries.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/154351
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.767
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.395
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorAdair, PMen_US
dc.contributor.authorPine, CMen_US
dc.contributor.authorBurnside, Gen_US
dc.contributor.authorNicoll, ADen_US
dc.contributor.authorGillett, Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorAnwar, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorBroukal, Zen_US
dc.contributor.authorChestnutt, IGen_US
dc.contributor.authorDeclerck, Den_US
dc.contributor.authorFeng, XPen_US
dc.contributor.authorFerro, Ren_US
dc.contributor.authorFreeman, Ren_US
dc.contributor.authorGrantMills, Den_US
dc.contributor.authorGugushe, Ten_US
dc.contributor.authorHunsrisakhun, Jen_US
dc.contributor.authorIrigoyenCamacho, Men_US
dc.contributor.authorLo, ECMen_US
dc.contributor.authorMoola, MHen_US
dc.contributor.authorNaidoo, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorNyandindi, Uen_US
dc.contributor.authorPoulsen, VJen_US
dc.contributor.authorRamosGomez, Fen_US
dc.contributor.authorRazanamihaja, Nen_US
dc.contributor.authorShahid, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorSkeie, MSen_US
dc.contributor.authorSkur, OPen_US
dc.contributor.authorSplieth, Cen_US
dc.contributor.authorTeo, CSen_US
dc.contributor.authorWhelton, Hen_US
dc.contributor.authorYoung, DWen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-08T08:24:49Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-08T08:24:49Z-
dc.date.issued2004en_US
dc.identifier.citationCommunity Dental Health, 2004, v. 21 n. 1 SUPPL., p. 102-111en_US
dc.identifier.issn0265-539Xen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/154351-
dc.description.abstractObjective: The aim of this international study was to develop a valid and reliable psychometric measure to examine the extent to which parents' attitudes about engaging in twice-daily tooth brushing and controlling sugar snacking predict these respective behaviours in their children. A supplementary objective was to assess whether ethnic group, culture, level of deprivation or children's caries experience impact upon the relationships between oral health related behaviours, attitudes to these respective behaviours and to dental caries. Clinical setting: nurseries, health centres and dental clinics in 17 countries. Participants: 2822 children aged 3 to 4 years and their parents. Main outcome measures: Dental examination of children and questionnaire to parents. Results: factor analysis identified 8 coherent attitudes towards toothbrushing, sugar snacking and childhood caries. Attitudes were significantly different in families from deprived and non-deprived backgrounds and in families of children with and without caries. Parents' perception of their ability to control their children's toothbrushing and sugar snacking habits were the most significant predictors of whether or not favourable habits were reported. Some differences were found by site and ethnic group. Conclusions: this study supports the hypothesis that parental attitudes significantly impact on the establishment of habits favourable to oral health. An appreciation of the impact of cultural and ethnic diversity is important in understanding how parental attitudes to oral health vary. Further research should examine in a prospective intervention whether enhancing parenting skills is an effective route to preventing childhood caries.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherF D I World Dental Press Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.fdiworldental.org/resources/4_3community.htmlen_US
dc.relation.ispartofCommunity Dental Healthen_US
dc.subjectAttitudesen_US
dc.subjectBehaviouren_US
dc.subjectChilden_US
dc.subjectDental Healthen_US
dc.subjectEfficacyen_US
dc.subjectParenten_US
dc.titleFamilial and cultural perceptions and beliefs of oral hygiene and dietary practices among ethnically and socio-economically diverse groupsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailLo, ECM:hrdplcm@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLo, ECM=rp00015en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.pmid15072479-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-2342535814en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros88857-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-2342535814&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume21en_US
dc.identifier.issue1 SUPPL.en_US
dc.identifier.spage102en_US
dc.identifier.epage111en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridAdair, PM=6701836080en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPine, CM=7004800206en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBurnside, G=7003439907en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNicoll, AD=7102835812en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGillett, A=7004130564en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridAnwar, S=7005876557en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBroukal, Z=7003992597en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChestnutt, IG=7004925714en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridDeclerck, D=7006009601en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFeng, XP=7403047063en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFerro, R=7102540807en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFreeman, R=7401588923en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGrantMills, D=6506521846en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGugushe, T=6603569409en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHunsrisakhun, J=6506548024en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridIrigoyenCamacho, M=6603265505en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLo, ECM=7101705982en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMoola, MH=6603055466en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNaidoo, S=7005219577en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNyandindi, U=6602784196en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPoulsen, VJ=6603648106en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridRamosGomez, F=7004489713en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridRazanamihaja, N=6506212268en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridShahid, S=7004111665en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSkeie, MS=6506584526en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSkur, OP=6507163518en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSplieth, C=7004149656en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTeo, CS=7102502587en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWhelton, H=6603719092en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYoung, DW=7404150281en_US

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