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Article: International comparisons of health inequalities in childhood dental caries

TitleInternational comparisons of health inequalities in childhood dental caries
Authors
Issue Date2004
PublisherF D I World Dental Press Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.fdiworldental.org/resources/4_3community.html
Citation
Community Dental Health, 2004, v. 21 n. 1 SUPPL., p. 121-130 How to Cite?
AbstractObjective: To undertake formative studies investigating how the experience of dental caries in young children living in diverse settings relates to familial and cultural perceptions and beliefs, oral health-related behaviour and oral microflora. Participants The scientific consortium came from 27 sites in 17 countries, each site followed a common protocol. Each aimed to recruit 100 families with children aged 3 or 4 years, half from deprived backgrounds, and within deprived and non-deprived groups, half to be "caries-free" and half to have at least 3 decayed teeth. Outcome measures: Parents completed a questionnaire, developed using psychological models, on their beliefs, attitudes and behaviours related to their child's oral health. 10% of children had plaque sampled. Results: 2,822 children and families were recruited. In multivariate analyses, reported toothbrushing behaviours that doubled the odds of being caries-free were a combination of brushing before age 1, brushing twice a day and adult involvement in brushing. Analyses combining beliefs, attitudes and behaviours found that parents' perceived ability to implement regular toothbrushing into their child's daily routine was the most important predictor of whether children had caries and this factor persisted in children from disadvantaged communities. 90% of children with lactobacillus had caries. Conclusions: Parental beliefs and attitudes play a key role in moderating oral health related behaviour in young children and in determining whether they develop caries. Further research is indicated to determine whether supporting the development of parenting skills would reduce dental caries in children from disadvantaged communities independent of ethnic origin.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/154350
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.767
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.395
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorPine, CMen_US
dc.contributor.authorAdair, PMen_US
dc.contributor.authorNicoll, ADen_US
dc.contributor.authorBurnside, Gen_US
dc.contributor.authorPetersen, PEen_US
dc.contributor.authorBeighton, Den_US
dc.contributor.authorGillett, Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Ren_US
dc.contributor.authorAnwar, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorBrailsford, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorBroukal, Zen_US
dc.contributor.authorChestnutt, IGen_US
dc.contributor.authorDeclerck, Den_US
dc.contributor.authorPing, FXen_US
dc.contributor.authorFerro, Ren_US
dc.contributor.authorFreeman, Ren_US
dc.contributor.authorGugushe, Ten_US
dc.contributor.authorHarris, Ren_US
dc.contributor.authorLin, Ben_US
dc.contributor.authorLo, ECMen_US
dc.contributor.authorMaupomé, Gen_US
dc.contributor.authorMoola, MHen_US
dc.contributor.authorNaidoo, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorRamosGomez, Fen_US
dc.contributor.authorSamaranayake, LPen_US
dc.contributor.authorShahid, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorSkeie, MSen_US
dc.contributor.authorSplieth, Cen_US
dc.contributor.authorSutton, BKen_US
dc.contributor.authorSoo, TCen_US
dc.contributor.authorWhelton, Hen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-08T08:24:48Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-08T08:24:48Z-
dc.date.issued2004en_US
dc.identifier.citationCommunity Dental Health, 2004, v. 21 n. 1 SUPPL., p. 121-130en_US
dc.identifier.issn0265-539Xen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/154350-
dc.description.abstractObjective: To undertake formative studies investigating how the experience of dental caries in young children living in diverse settings relates to familial and cultural perceptions and beliefs, oral health-related behaviour and oral microflora. Participants The scientific consortium came from 27 sites in 17 countries, each site followed a common protocol. Each aimed to recruit 100 families with children aged 3 or 4 years, half from deprived backgrounds, and within deprived and non-deprived groups, half to be "caries-free" and half to have at least 3 decayed teeth. Outcome measures: Parents completed a questionnaire, developed using psychological models, on their beliefs, attitudes and behaviours related to their child's oral health. 10% of children had plaque sampled. Results: 2,822 children and families were recruited. In multivariate analyses, reported toothbrushing behaviours that doubled the odds of being caries-free were a combination of brushing before age 1, brushing twice a day and adult involvement in brushing. Analyses combining beliefs, attitudes and behaviours found that parents' perceived ability to implement regular toothbrushing into their child's daily routine was the most important predictor of whether children had caries and this factor persisted in children from disadvantaged communities. 90% of children with lactobacillus had caries. Conclusions: Parental beliefs and attitudes play a key role in moderating oral health related behaviour in young children and in determining whether they develop caries. Further research is indicated to determine whether supporting the development of parenting skills would reduce dental caries in children from disadvantaged communities independent of ethnic origin.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherF D I World Dental Press Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.fdiworldental.org/resources/4_3community.htmlen_US
dc.relation.ispartofCommunity Dental Healthen_US
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshAge Factorsen_US
dc.subject.meshAttitude To Healthen_US
dc.subject.meshChild, Preschoolen_US
dc.subject.meshCultural Deprivationen_US
dc.subject.meshCultureen_US
dc.subject.meshDental Caries - Etiology - Microbiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshDental Plaque - Microbiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshFamilyen_US
dc.subject.meshHealth Behavioren_US
dc.subject.meshHealth Knowledge, Attitudes, Practiceen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshInternational Cooperationen_US
dc.subject.meshLactobacillus - Isolation & Purificationen_US
dc.subject.meshMultivariate Analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshParent-Child Relationsen_US
dc.subject.meshParentingen_US
dc.subject.meshToothbrushingen_US
dc.titleInternational comparisons of health inequalities in childhood dental cariesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailLo, ECM:hrdplcm@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailSamaranayake, LP:lakshman@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLo, ECM=rp00015en_US
dc.identifier.authoritySamaranayake, LP=rp00023en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.pmid15072481-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-2342516125en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros88862-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-2342516125&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume21en_US
dc.identifier.issue1 SUPPL.en_US
dc.identifier.spage121en_US
dc.identifier.epage130en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPine, CM=7004800206en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridAdair, PM=6701836080en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNicoll, AD=7102835812en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBurnside, G=7003439907en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPetersen, PE=7202335887en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBeighton, D=7005663074en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGillett, A=7004130564en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridAnderson, R=21933815100en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridAnwar, S=7005876557en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBrailsford, S=7004634052en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBroukal, Z=7003992597en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChestnutt, IG=7004925714en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridDeclerck, D=7006009601en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPing, FX=7004748489en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFerro, R=7102540807en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFreeman, R=7401588923en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGugushe, T=6603569409en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHarris, R=7405695593en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLin, B=7403508426en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLo, ECM=7101705982en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMaupomé, G=7005579001en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMoola, MH=6603055466en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNaidoo, S=7005219577en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridRamosGomez, F=7004489713en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSamaranayake, LP=7102761002en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridShahid, S=7004111665en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSkeie, MS=6506584526en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSplieth, C=7004149656en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSutton, BK=7102842850en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSoo, TC=6603433068en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWhelton, H=6603719092en_US

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