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Article: The effect of fixed orthodontic appliances on the oral carriage of Candida species and Enterobacteriaceae

TitleThe effect of fixed orthodontic appliances on the oral carriage of Candida species and Enterobacteriaceae
Authors
Issue Date2004
PublisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://ejo.oxfordjournals.org/
Citation
European Journal Of Orthodontics, 2004, v. 26 n. 6, p. 623-629 How to Cite?
AbstractThe aim of this investigation was to evaluate the prevalence of Candida and Enterobacteriaceae in a group of adolescents during fixed orthodontic appliance (FOA) therapy. The experimental group was recruited from a larger sample of orthodontic patients who were clinically examined once to obtain baseline data before active treatment. The group comprised 27 subjects; 13 males, 14 females (mean age 15.5 ± 2.3 years). Thereafter, the experimental group was examined three times during a 3 month follow-up period after insertion of the FOA. The whole mouth plaque score was obtained, and the oral cavity was then sampled for Candida species and Enterobacteriaceae using three different microbiological culture techniques, namely the oral rinse, pooled plaque and the imprint culture. A significant increase in candidal numbers was observed after FOA insertion when the imprint technique was used (P < 0.001), although the overall candidal prevalence rates obtained using the oral rinse and pooled plaque techniques did not demonstrate such a change. The predominant Candida species isolated was C. albicans and the number of coliform carriers significantly increased after the insertion of a FOA, as detected by the oral rinse (P < 0.05) and the pooled plaque (P < 0.05) techniques. In total, eight coliform species were isolated following FOA therapy compared with the three species isolated before insertion of the appliance. The results also revealed a significant increase in plaque index due to the introduction of a FOA. Taken together, these data imply that insertion of a FOA is likely to promote oral carriage of Candida and coliform species. Furthermore, it appears that routine oral hygiene instruction and information on appliance hygiene given to these patients may not necessarily reduce plaque accumulation and possible attendant effects. Further work with a larger cohort is required to confirm these findings. © European Orthodontic Society 2004; all rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/154295
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.44
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.090
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHägg, Uen_US
dc.contributor.authorKaveewatcharanont, Pen_US
dc.contributor.authorSamaranayake, YHen_US
dc.contributor.authorSamaranayake, LPen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-08T08:24:27Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-08T08:24:27Z-
dc.date.issued2004en_US
dc.identifier.citationEuropean Journal Of Orthodontics, 2004, v. 26 n. 6, p. 623-629en_US
dc.identifier.issn0141-5387en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/154295-
dc.description.abstractThe aim of this investigation was to evaluate the prevalence of Candida and Enterobacteriaceae in a group of adolescents during fixed orthodontic appliance (FOA) therapy. The experimental group was recruited from a larger sample of orthodontic patients who were clinically examined once to obtain baseline data before active treatment. The group comprised 27 subjects; 13 males, 14 females (mean age 15.5 ± 2.3 years). Thereafter, the experimental group was examined three times during a 3 month follow-up period after insertion of the FOA. The whole mouth plaque score was obtained, and the oral cavity was then sampled for Candida species and Enterobacteriaceae using three different microbiological culture techniques, namely the oral rinse, pooled plaque and the imprint culture. A significant increase in candidal numbers was observed after FOA insertion when the imprint technique was used (P < 0.001), although the overall candidal prevalence rates obtained using the oral rinse and pooled plaque techniques did not demonstrate such a change. The predominant Candida species isolated was C. albicans and the number of coliform carriers significantly increased after the insertion of a FOA, as detected by the oral rinse (P < 0.05) and the pooled plaque (P < 0.05) techniques. In total, eight coliform species were isolated following FOA therapy compared with the three species isolated before insertion of the appliance. The results also revealed a significant increase in plaque index due to the introduction of a FOA. Taken together, these data imply that insertion of a FOA is likely to promote oral carriage of Candida and coliform species. Furthermore, it appears that routine oral hygiene instruction and information on appliance hygiene given to these patients may not necessarily reduce plaque accumulation and possible attendant effects. Further work with a larger cohort is required to confirm these findings. © European Orthodontic Society 2004; all rights reserved.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://ejo.oxfordjournals.org/en_US
dc.relation.ispartofEuropean Journal of Orthodonticsen_US
dc.rightsEuropean Journal of Orthodontics. Copyright © Oxford University Press.-
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten_US
dc.subject.meshCandida - Isolation & Purificationen_US
dc.subject.meshDental Plaque - Epidemiology - Microbiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshEnterobacteriaceae - Isolation & Purificationen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMouth - Microbiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshOrthodontic Appliances - Adverse Effectsen_US
dc.subject.meshPrevalenceen_US
dc.titleThe effect of fixed orthodontic appliances on the oral carriage of Candida species and Enterobacteriaceaeen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailHägg, U:euohagg@hkusua.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailSamaranayake, YH:hema@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailSamaranayake, LP:lakshman@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityHägg, U=rp00020en_US
dc.identifier.authoritySamaranayake, YH=rp00025en_US
dc.identifier.authoritySamaranayake, LP=rp00023en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/ejo/26.6.623en_US
dc.identifier.pmid15650072en_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-13844255807en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros95694-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-13844255807&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume26en_US
dc.identifier.issue6en_US
dc.identifier.spage623en_US
dc.identifier.epage629en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000226206200009-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHägg, U=7006790279en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKaveewatcharanont, P=8946837300en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSamaranayake, YH=6602677237en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSamaranayake, LP=7102761002en_US

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