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Article: Betel quid-associated oral lesions and oral Candida species in a female Cambodian cohort

TitleBetel quid-associated oral lesions and oral Candida species in a female Cambodian cohort
Authors
Issue Date2002
PublisherBlackwell Munksgaard. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/JOPM
Citation
Journal Of Oral Pathology And Medicine, 2002, v. 31 n. 8, p. 468-472 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: Betel quid chewing (BQC) is still prevalent among elderly Cambodian women and is associated with a wide variety of oral mucosal lesions. BQC has also been associated with a reduced rate of dental caries and changes in the oral microbiological flora. Methods: Since no studies were available on the impact of BQC on the oral carriage of Candida species, in this study oral swabs (Fungiquick®, Hain Diagnostika, Germany) were taken from the tongue and palate of 48 Cambodian women with BQC habit (study group) and 13 control subjects without BQC habit (control group) to determine the spectrum of Candida species in these two groups. In addition, we investigated lesions of the oral mucosa likely to be associated with BQC habit in both study and control groups. Results: The median duration of BQC was 10years (range 10 months-3Oyears). The following oral lesions were found in the study group: betel chewer's mucosa (85.4%), oral leukoplakia (8.3%), leukoedema (37.5%) and oral lichen planus (4.2%). Oral candidiasis was seen neither in BQ-chewers nor in controls. Candida spp. were found in 70.8% of the cases (controls 69.2%). Whilst C. albicans was isolated from 27.1% of the study cohort, C. tropicalis was the second most common isolate. One control case was colonised by C. dubliniensis - the first report of this organism from a Cambodian population. There was no significant difference in the candidal carriage rate or the Candida species isolated between the study and the control group. Conclusions: Mycological findings from the present study do not indicate that BQC has a significant effect on oral colonisation by Candida species.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/154211
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.859
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.731
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorReichart, PAen_US
dc.contributor.authorSchmidtberg, Wen_US
dc.contributor.authorSamaranayake, LPen_US
dc.contributor.authorScheifele, Cen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-08T08:23:54Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-08T08:23:54Z-
dc.date.issued2002en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Oral Pathology And Medicine, 2002, v. 31 n. 8, p. 468-472en_US
dc.identifier.issn0904-2512en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/154211-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Betel quid chewing (BQC) is still prevalent among elderly Cambodian women and is associated with a wide variety of oral mucosal lesions. BQC has also been associated with a reduced rate of dental caries and changes in the oral microbiological flora. Methods: Since no studies were available on the impact of BQC on the oral carriage of Candida species, in this study oral swabs (Fungiquick®, Hain Diagnostika, Germany) were taken from the tongue and palate of 48 Cambodian women with BQC habit (study group) and 13 control subjects without BQC habit (control group) to determine the spectrum of Candida species in these two groups. In addition, we investigated lesions of the oral mucosa likely to be associated with BQC habit in both study and control groups. Results: The median duration of BQC was 10years (range 10 months-3Oyears). The following oral lesions were found in the study group: betel chewer's mucosa (85.4%), oral leukoplakia (8.3%), leukoedema (37.5%) and oral lichen planus (4.2%). Oral candidiasis was seen neither in BQ-chewers nor in controls. Candida spp. were found in 70.8% of the cases (controls 69.2%). Whilst C. albicans was isolated from 27.1% of the study cohort, C. tropicalis was the second most common isolate. One control case was colonised by C. dubliniensis - the first report of this organism from a Cambodian population. There was no significant difference in the candidal carriage rate or the Candida species isolated between the study and the control group. Conclusions: Mycological findings from the present study do not indicate that BQC has a significant effect on oral colonisation by Candida species.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherBlackwell Munksgaard. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/JOPMen_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Oral Pathology and Medicineen_US
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshAgeden_US
dc.subject.meshAged, 80 And Overen_US
dc.subject.meshAreca - Adverse Effectsen_US
dc.subject.meshCambodiaen_US
dc.subject.meshCandida - Classification - Isolation & Purificationen_US
dc.subject.meshCandida Albicans - Isolation & Purificationen_US
dc.subject.meshCandida Glabrata - Isolation & Purificationen_US
dc.subject.meshCandida Tropicalis - Isolation & Purificationen_US
dc.subject.meshChi-Square Distributionen_US
dc.subject.meshCohort Studiesen_US
dc.subject.meshColony Count, Microbialen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshLeukoedema, Oral - Etiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshLeukoplakia, Oral - Etiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshLichen Planus, Oral - Etiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_US
dc.subject.meshMouth Diseases - Etiology - Microbiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshMouth Mucosa - Microbiology - Pathologyen_US
dc.subject.meshPalate - Microbiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshReagent Stripsen_US
dc.subject.meshSmoking - Adverse Effectsen_US
dc.subject.meshStatistics, Nonparametricen_US
dc.subject.meshTime Factorsen_US
dc.subject.meshTongue - Microbiologyen_US
dc.titleBetel quid-associated oral lesions and oral Candida species in a female Cambodian cohorten_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailSamaranayake, LP:lakshman@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authoritySamaranayake, LP=rp00023en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1034/j.1600-0714.2002.00009.xen_US
dc.identifier.pmid12220354-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0036734156en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros75032-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0036734156&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume31en_US
dc.identifier.issue8en_US
dc.identifier.spage468en_US
dc.identifier.epage472en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000178047900005-
dc.publisher.placeDenmarken_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridReichart, PA=7101871704en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSchmidtberg, W=6507525196en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSamaranayake, LP=7102761002en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridScheifele, C=6603627517en_US

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