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Article: Long-term results of supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) in HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative patients

TitleLong-term results of supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) in HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative patients
Authors
Issue Date2002
PublisherBlackwell Munksgaard. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/CPE
Citation
Journal Of Clinical Periodontology, 2002, v. 29 n. 7, p. 630-637 How to Cite?
AbstractAim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the long-term results of periodontal supportive therapy in HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative patients. Material and methods: Baseline examination of 18 HIV-seropositive patients (14 males and four females, median age of 29.7 years) revealed the following periodontal diagnoses: eight patients with linear gingival erythema, four patients with necrotizing periodontitis, five patients with conventional gingivitis and one patient with chronic periodontitis. In the HIV-seronegative group, out of 16 patients (12 males and four females, median age 35.5 years), one patient presented with conventional gingivitis and 15 patients with chronic periodontitis. Periodontal therapy and maintenance care consisted of supra- and subgingival removal of plaque and calculus and instruction in oral hygiene. Based on the individual patient's needs, the mechanical therapy was repeated. Results: In the test group, the mean maintenance period was 22.7 ± 9.4 months (range 11.0-37.4) and in the control group, 48.9 ± 32.0 months (range 9.3-110.8). In the test group, the mean PlI (1.1 ± 0.8) remained at the same level (1.1 ± 0.5; p = 0.73, Wilcoxon sign rank test, p < 0.05) throughout the observation period, the mean GI was reduced from 1.6 ± 0.5 to 1.4 ± 0.4 (p = 0.18), the mean PPD was reduced from 2.9 ± 0.3 to 2.8 ± 0.2 (p = 0.15) and the mean PAL (3.1 ± 0.5) remained unaltered as well (3.1 ± 0.4; p = 0.83). None of these differences was statistically significant. In the control group, PPD (3.0 ± 0.4) and PAL (3.0 ± 0.5) were significantly reduced: PPD = 2.7 ± 0.2 (p = 0.0003) and PAL = 2.9 ± 0.5 (p = 0.0034). Conclusion: In HIV-seropositive patients, attachment level can be maintained. However, oral hygiene and compliance are the key factors for this. © Blackwell Munksgaard, 2002.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/154201
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.915
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.848
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHofer, Den_US
dc.contributor.authorHämmerle, CHFen_US
dc.contributor.authorGrassi, Men_US
dc.contributor.authorLang, NPen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-08T08:23:51Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-08T08:23:51Z-
dc.date.issued2002en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Clinical Periodontology, 2002, v. 29 n. 7, p. 630-637en_US
dc.identifier.issn0303-6979en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/154201-
dc.description.abstractAim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the long-term results of periodontal supportive therapy in HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative patients. Material and methods: Baseline examination of 18 HIV-seropositive patients (14 males and four females, median age of 29.7 years) revealed the following periodontal diagnoses: eight patients with linear gingival erythema, four patients with necrotizing periodontitis, five patients with conventional gingivitis and one patient with chronic periodontitis. In the HIV-seronegative group, out of 16 patients (12 males and four females, median age 35.5 years), one patient presented with conventional gingivitis and 15 patients with chronic periodontitis. Periodontal therapy and maintenance care consisted of supra- and subgingival removal of plaque and calculus and instruction in oral hygiene. Based on the individual patient's needs, the mechanical therapy was repeated. Results: In the test group, the mean maintenance period was 22.7 ± 9.4 months (range 11.0-37.4) and in the control group, 48.9 ± 32.0 months (range 9.3-110.8). In the test group, the mean PlI (1.1 ± 0.8) remained at the same level (1.1 ± 0.5; p = 0.73, Wilcoxon sign rank test, p < 0.05) throughout the observation period, the mean GI was reduced from 1.6 ± 0.5 to 1.4 ± 0.4 (p = 0.18), the mean PPD was reduced from 2.9 ± 0.3 to 2.8 ± 0.2 (p = 0.15) and the mean PAL (3.1 ± 0.5) remained unaltered as well (3.1 ± 0.4; p = 0.83). None of these differences was statistically significant. In the control group, PPD (3.0 ± 0.4) and PAL (3.0 ± 0.5) were significantly reduced: PPD = 2.7 ± 0.2 (p = 0.0003) and PAL = 2.9 ± 0.5 (p = 0.0034). Conclusion: In HIV-seropositive patients, attachment level can be maintained. However, oral hygiene and compliance are the key factors for this. © Blackwell Munksgaard, 2002.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherBlackwell Munksgaard. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/CPEen_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Clinical Periodontologyen_US
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshChronic Diseaseen_US
dc.subject.meshDental Calculus - Prevention & Controlen_US
dc.subject.meshDental Plaque - Prevention & Controlen_US
dc.subject.meshDental Plaque Indexen_US
dc.subject.meshErythema - Prevention & Controlen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshFollow-Up Studiesen_US
dc.subject.meshGingival Diseases - Prevention & Controlen_US
dc.subject.meshGingivitis - Prevention & Controlen_US
dc.subject.meshHiv Seronegativityen_US
dc.subject.meshHiv Seropositivity - Complicationsen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshLongitudinal Studiesen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshNecrosisen_US
dc.subject.meshOral Hygieneen_US
dc.subject.meshPatient Education As Topicen_US
dc.subject.meshPeriodontal Attachment Loss - Prevention & Controlen_US
dc.subject.meshPeriodontal Diseases - Prevention & Controlen_US
dc.subject.meshPeriodontal Indexen_US
dc.subject.meshPeriodontal Pocket - Prevention & Controlen_US
dc.subject.meshPeriodontitis - Prevention & Controlen_US
dc.subject.meshStatistics As Topicen_US
dc.subject.meshStatistics, Nonparametricen_US
dc.titleLong-term results of supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) in HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative patientsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailLang, NP:nplang@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLang, NP=rp00031en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1034/j.1600-051X.2002.290707.xen_US
dc.identifier.pmid12354088-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0036632582en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0036632582&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume29en_US
dc.identifier.issue7en_US
dc.identifier.spage630en_US
dc.identifier.epage637en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000178240800007-
dc.publisher.placeDenmarken_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHofer, D=7006908186en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHämmerle, CHF=7005331848en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGrassi, M=7103278021en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLang, NP=7201577367en_US

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