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Article: Thresholds for tactile sensitivity perceived with dental implants remain unchanged during a healing phase of 3 months

TitleThresholds for tactile sensitivity perceived with dental implants remain unchanged during a healing phase of 3 months
Authors
Issue Date1996
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/CLR
Citation
Clinical Oral Implants Research, 1996, v. 7 n. 1, p. 48-54 How to Cite?
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to determine the tactile pressure thresholds perceived with dental implants during a three-month healing phase following implant placement (osseointegration phase). The absolute threshold of tactile perception was measured in a group of patients 1 week, 1,2 and 3 months following implant placement (ITI Dental Implant System, Straumann AG, Waldenburg, Switzerland). Contralateral and neighbouring teeth were measured at the same time. For determination of the axial forces exerted on the implants and teeth, an electronic device with semiconductor strain gauges was used (Hämmerle et al. 1995). The results demonstrated mean thresholds of tactile perception for the implants of 160.2 g (SD 61.7 g, range 77̃283 g) at 1 week, 133.4 g (SD 51.9 g, range 32̃239 g) at 1 month, 147.9 g (SD 53.5 g, range 70̃257 g) at 2 months, and 146.9 g (SD 57.4 g, range 77̃248 g) at 3 months. Statistical analysis using Student's paired t-test revealed no significant differences between the values over time. The control teeth exhibited mean values for tactile perception of 13.1 g (SD 9.6 g, range 5̃47 g) at 1 week, 10.2 g (SD 6.4 g, range 4̃29 g) at I month, 14.8 g (SD 15.9 g, range 2̃58 g) at 2 months, and 15.4 g (SD 12.2 g, range 3̃36 g) at 3 months. Again, these values did not differ significantly from each other and indicated the absence of systemic alterations in perceived pressure threshold over the observation period. The mean perceived pressure threshold was more than 10 times higher for implants than for natural teeth (P0.001) at all observation times. It is concluded that the absolute threshold of tactile perception with dental implants during the phase of osseointegration is not affected by bone and soft tissue healing taking place during the time period. Copyright © Munksgaard 1996.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/153965
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.464
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.427
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorKeller, Den_US
dc.contributor.authorHämmerle, CHFen_US
dc.contributor.authorLang, NPen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-08T08:22:32Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-08T08:22:32Z-
dc.date.issued1996en_US
dc.identifier.citationClinical Oral Implants Research, 1996, v. 7 n. 1, p. 48-54en_US
dc.identifier.issn0905-7161en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/153965-
dc.description.abstractThe aim of the present study was to determine the tactile pressure thresholds perceived with dental implants during a three-month healing phase following implant placement (osseointegration phase). The absolute threshold of tactile perception was measured in a group of patients 1 week, 1,2 and 3 months following implant placement (ITI Dental Implant System, Straumann AG, Waldenburg, Switzerland). Contralateral and neighbouring teeth were measured at the same time. For determination of the axial forces exerted on the implants and teeth, an electronic device with semiconductor strain gauges was used (Hämmerle et al. 1995). The results demonstrated mean thresholds of tactile perception for the implants of 160.2 g (SD 61.7 g, range 77̃283 g) at 1 week, 133.4 g (SD 51.9 g, range 32̃239 g) at 1 month, 147.9 g (SD 53.5 g, range 70̃257 g) at 2 months, and 146.9 g (SD 57.4 g, range 77̃248 g) at 3 months. Statistical analysis using Student's paired t-test revealed no significant differences between the values over time. The control teeth exhibited mean values for tactile perception of 13.1 g (SD 9.6 g, range 5̃47 g) at 1 week, 10.2 g (SD 6.4 g, range 4̃29 g) at I month, 14.8 g (SD 15.9 g, range 2̃58 g) at 2 months, and 15.4 g (SD 12.2 g, range 3̃36 g) at 3 months. Again, these values did not differ significantly from each other and indicated the absence of systemic alterations in perceived pressure threshold over the observation period. The mean perceived pressure threshold was more than 10 times higher for implants than for natural teeth (P0.001) at all observation times. It is concluded that the absolute threshold of tactile perception with dental implants during the phase of osseointegration is not affected by bone and soft tissue healing taking place during the time period. Copyright © Munksgaard 1996.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/CLRen_US
dc.relation.ispartofClinical Oral Implants Researchen_US
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshAgeden_US
dc.subject.meshAnalysis Of Varianceen_US
dc.subject.meshBite Forceen_US
dc.subject.meshDental Implantsen_US
dc.subject.meshDental Stress Analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMechanoreceptors - Physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_US
dc.subject.meshOsseointegrationen_US
dc.subject.meshPeriodontium - Innervation - Physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshPressureen_US
dc.subject.meshProprioceptionen_US
dc.subject.meshRegression Analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshSensory Thresholdsen_US
dc.subject.meshTime Factorsen_US
dc.subject.meshTouch - Physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshWound Healingen_US
dc.titleThresholds for tactile sensitivity perceived with dental implants remain unchanged during a healing phase of 3 monthsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailLang, NP:nplang@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLang, NP=rp00031en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.pmid9002822en_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0030090618en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0030090618&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume7en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
dc.identifier.spage48en_US
dc.identifier.epage54en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:A1996UD10400006-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKeller, D=8374109700en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHämmerle, CHF=7005331848en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLang, NP=7201577367en_US

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