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Article: Association between carriage of oral yeasts and malnutrition among Tanzanian infants aged 6-24 months.

TitleAssociation between carriage of oral yeasts and malnutrition among Tanzanian infants aged 6-24 months.
Authors
Issue Date1995
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=1354-523X&site=1
Citation
Oral Diseases, 1995, v. 1 n. 1, p. 37-42 How to Cite?
AbstractOBJECTIVE: To determine if there is an association between carriage of oral yeasts and malnutrition in infants. DESIGN: A case-control study within a cross-sectional study. The dependent variable was carriage of oral yeasts. The exposure variable was malnutrition and confounders to be adjusted for were age, sex, and breast-feeding. SETTING: A maternal and child health clinic in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania that offers routine medical check-ups to all expectant mothers and children aged between 0 and 5 years in its catchment areas. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 972 infants aged 6-24 months participated. Smears from the tongue and cheek mucosa were examined for candidal hyphae and blastospores. Malnutrition was categorized according to Tanzanian standards (weight-for-age) and World Health Organization (WHO) standards (weight-for-height and height-for-age). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Carriage of oral yeasts (hyphae and blastospores). RESULTS: Carriage of oral yeasts was significantly higher in the 227 malnourished compared with the 745 well nourished adjusted for confounders. Odds ratio for presence of hyphae in smears from the severely malnourished (weight-for-age) was 4.5 (90% CI: 2.0-10.0). Odds ratio for presence of hyphae was 2.3 (90% CI: 1.1-4.8) when weight-for-height were used to categorize for malnutrition. CONCLUSION: The study tends to confirm the generally held view that malnutrition may predispose to carriage of oral yeasts and subsequent oral candidiasis.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/153924
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.0
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.828

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMatee, MIen_US
dc.contributor.authorSimon, Een_US
dc.contributor.authorChristensen, MFen_US
dc.contributor.authorKirk, Ken_US
dc.contributor.authorAndersen, Len_US
dc.contributor.authorSamaranayake, LPen_US
dc.contributor.authorScheutz, Fen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-08T08:22:19Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-08T08:22:19Z-
dc.date.issued1995en_US
dc.identifier.citationOral Diseases, 1995, v. 1 n. 1, p. 37-42en_US
dc.identifier.issn1354-523Xen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/153924-
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: To determine if there is an association between carriage of oral yeasts and malnutrition in infants. DESIGN: A case-control study within a cross-sectional study. The dependent variable was carriage of oral yeasts. The exposure variable was malnutrition and confounders to be adjusted for were age, sex, and breast-feeding. SETTING: A maternal and child health clinic in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania that offers routine medical check-ups to all expectant mothers and children aged between 0 and 5 years in its catchment areas. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 972 infants aged 6-24 months participated. Smears from the tongue and cheek mucosa were examined for candidal hyphae and blastospores. Malnutrition was categorized according to Tanzanian standards (weight-for-age) and World Health Organization (WHO) standards (weight-for-height and height-for-age). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Carriage of oral yeasts (hyphae and blastospores). RESULTS: Carriage of oral yeasts was significantly higher in the 227 malnourished compared with the 745 well nourished adjusted for confounders. Odds ratio for presence of hyphae in smears from the severely malnourished (weight-for-age) was 4.5 (90% CI: 2.0-10.0). Odds ratio for presence of hyphae was 2.3 (90% CI: 1.1-4.8) when weight-for-height were used to categorize for malnutrition. CONCLUSION: The study tends to confirm the generally held view that malnutrition may predispose to carriage of oral yeasts and subsequent oral candidiasis.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=1354-523X&site=1en_US
dc.relation.ispartofOral diseasesen_US
dc.subject.meshCandida - Isolation & Purificationen_US
dc.subject.meshCandidiasis, Oral - Epidemiology - Etiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshCarrier State - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshCase-Control Studiesen_US
dc.subject.meshChild Nutrition Disorders - Complications - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshChild, Preschoolen_US
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studiesen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshInfanten_US
dc.subject.meshInfant Nutrition Disorders - Complications - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshLogistic Modelsen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMouth Mucosa - Microbiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshMultivariate Analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshNutrition Assessmenten_US
dc.subject.meshOdds Ratioen_US
dc.subject.meshRegression Analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshStatistics, Nonparametricen_US
dc.subject.meshTanzaniaen_US
dc.subject.meshTongue - Microbiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshWorld Health Organizationen_US
dc.titleAssociation between carriage of oral yeasts and malnutrition among Tanzanian infants aged 6-24 months.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailSamaranayake, LP:lakshman@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authoritySamaranayake, LP=rp00023en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1601-0825.1995.tb00155.x-
dc.identifier.pmid7553379-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0029268882en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros3610-
dc.identifier.hkuros9146-
dc.identifier.volume1en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
dc.identifier.spage37en_US
dc.identifier.epage42en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMatee, MI=35577234100en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSimon, E=19235990400en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChristensen, MF=7203030090en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKirk, K=36890472800en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridAndersen, L=7201948710en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSamaranayake, LP=7102761002en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridScheutz, F=7005543084en_US

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