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Article: Histologic probe penetration in healthy and inflamed peri-implant tissues.

TitleHistologic probe penetration in healthy and inflamed peri-implant tissues.
Authors
Issue Date1994
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/CLR
Citation
Clinical Oral Implants Research, 1994, v. 5 n. 4, p. 191-201 How to Cite?
AbstractPeriodontal probing is commonly used for assessing both the status of gingival health and the connective tissue attachment level around teeth. The role of probing around endosseous implants still remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the histological level of probe penetration in healthy and inflamed mucosal tissues around implants. Five beagle dogs were used and a total of 30 one-stage, Titanium Plasma Spary (TPS)-coated implants of the ITI type were placed in the mandibles. After the healing period with meticulous oral hygiene, the dogs were divided into 3 groups: 1) clinical healthy mucosal tissues; 2) experimental mucositis (3 dogs); and 3) experimental ligature-induced peri-implantitis (2 dogs). Four months after implant placement, respectively 6 months in the third group, 60 probes were placed with a standardized force of 0.2 N and fixed at the mesial and distal aspects of the implants. Probing depth, clinical attachment level (CAL), Plaque Index (PlI) and Gingival Index (GI) were assessed throughout the study. Tissue sections were obtained for histometrical analysis. In the healthy group, the mean PII was 0.47, the GI 0.06 and the clinical probing depth (CPD) 2.12 mm. In the mucositis group the PlI was 1.61, the GI 1.61 and the CPD 1.87 mm. In the peri-implantitis group the PlI was 1.96, the GI 2.05 and the CPD 3.73 mm. The histologic results show that the probes were able to identify the connective tissue adhesion level in the healthy group with a mean error of -0.05 mm (mean histologic probing depth (HPD): 1.75 mm) and, in the mucositis group, with -0.02 mm (mean HPD: 1.62 mm). Probe penetration increased with the degree of inflammation and in the peri-implantitis group the probe exceeded the connective tissue level by a mean 0.52 mm (mean HPD: 3.8 mm). Therefore, probing around implants represents a good technique for assessing the status of peri-implant mucosal health or disease.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/153907
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.464
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.427
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLang, NPen_US
dc.contributor.authorWetzel, ACen_US
dc.contributor.authorStich, Hen_US
dc.contributor.authorCaffesse, RGen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-08T08:22:13Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-08T08:22:13Z-
dc.date.issued1994en_US
dc.identifier.citationClinical Oral Implants Research, 1994, v. 5 n. 4, p. 191-201en_US
dc.identifier.issn0905-7161en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/153907-
dc.description.abstractPeriodontal probing is commonly used for assessing both the status of gingival health and the connective tissue attachment level around teeth. The role of probing around endosseous implants still remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the histological level of probe penetration in healthy and inflamed mucosal tissues around implants. Five beagle dogs were used and a total of 30 one-stage, Titanium Plasma Spary (TPS)-coated implants of the ITI type were placed in the mandibles. After the healing period with meticulous oral hygiene, the dogs were divided into 3 groups: 1) clinical healthy mucosal tissues; 2) experimental mucositis (3 dogs); and 3) experimental ligature-induced peri-implantitis (2 dogs). Four months after implant placement, respectively 6 months in the third group, 60 probes were placed with a standardized force of 0.2 N and fixed at the mesial and distal aspects of the implants. Probing depth, clinical attachment level (CAL), Plaque Index (PlI) and Gingival Index (GI) were assessed throughout the study. Tissue sections were obtained for histometrical analysis. In the healthy group, the mean PII was 0.47, the GI 0.06 and the clinical probing depth (CPD) 2.12 mm. In the mucositis group the PlI was 1.61, the GI 1.61 and the CPD 1.87 mm. In the peri-implantitis group the PlI was 1.96, the GI 2.05 and the CPD 3.73 mm. The histologic results show that the probes were able to identify the connective tissue adhesion level in the healthy group with a mean error of -0.05 mm (mean histologic probing depth (HPD): 1.75 mm) and, in the mucositis group, with -0.02 mm (mean HPD: 1.62 mm). Probe penetration increased with the degree of inflammation and in the peri-implantitis group the probe exceeded the connective tissue level by a mean 0.52 mm (mean HPD: 3.8 mm). Therefore, probing around implants represents a good technique for assessing the status of peri-implant mucosal health or disease.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/CLRen_US
dc.relation.ispartofClinical oral implants researchen_US
dc.subject.meshAnimalsen_US
dc.subject.meshDental Implantation, Endosseous - Instrumentationen_US
dc.subject.meshDental Implants - Adverse Effectsen_US
dc.subject.meshDental Plaque Indexen_US
dc.subject.meshDogsen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshGingivitis - Diagnosis - Etiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshLinear Modelsen_US
dc.subject.meshMouth Mucosa - Pathologyen_US
dc.subject.meshOsseointegrationen_US
dc.subject.meshPeriodontal Indexen_US
dc.subject.meshPeriodontics - Instrumentationen_US
dc.subject.meshPeriodontitis - Diagnosis - Etiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshStomatitis - Diagnosis - Etiologyen_US
dc.titleHistologic probe penetration in healthy and inflamed peri-implant tissues.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailLang, NP:nplang@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLang, NP=rp00031en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.pmid7640332-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0028717571en_US
dc.identifier.volume5en_US
dc.identifier.issue4en_US
dc.identifier.spage191en_US
dc.identifier.epage201en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:A1994PV14100001-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLang, NP=7201577367en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWetzel, AC=7005517529en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridStich, H=7005999109en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCaffesse, RG=7005708068en_US

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