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Article: Oral care of HIV-infected patients: the knowledge and attitudes of South African dentists.

TitleOral care of HIV-infected patients: the knowledge and attitudes of South African dentists.
Authors
Issue Date1992
Citation
The Journal Of The Dental Association Of South Africa = Die Tydskrif Van Die Tandheelkundige Vereniging Van Suid-Afrika, 1992, v. 47 n. 9, p. 399-402 How to Cite?
AbstractAs the numbers of people with HIV infection and AIDS increase, so will the contribution required from the dental practitioners. A postal questionnaire survey was therefore conducted among dental practitioners in South Africa to determine their knowledge and attitudes towards HIV infection and the issues it raises for them. Although a majority of dentists were aware of the facts related to AIDS, and the spread and oral manifestations of HIV infection, there were considerable gaps in their knowledge with regard to the dental management of infected patients. Only 45 per cent were prepared to be engaged in the continued care of HIV-infected patients while contradicting opinions were expressed on the risk of HIV transmission in dentistry and attitudes towards HIV seropositive patients and staff. Further educational efforts on HIV infection and its implications in dentistry should be directed towards dentists in South Africa. | As the number of people with HIV infection increases, dental practitioners will be required to enhance their knowledge of the disease and its oral manifestations. In this study, a questionnaire was mailed to 1000 dentists randomly selected from the Dentists' Register of South Africa. After 2 mailings, a total of 408 responses were returned. HIV transmission in the dental clinic was rated as very likely by 30%, likely by 41%, unlikely by 12%, and extremely unlikely by 9%. Oral candidiasis, Kaposi's sarcoma, and herpes infection were correctly identified by the majority of respondents as the most common oral manifestations of AIDS. 71% of dentists felt they had acquired adequate knowledge of HIV/AIDS, primarily from journals. 95% routinely wore gloves, masks, and eye protection. 57% had a policy for the treatment of HIV-positive patients and 19% had actually treated such patients. 91% believed that all HIV-positive patients should be notified to a government body and 76% thought such patients should carry an identity card noting their HIV status. Only 45% were willing to be engaged in the continued care of AIDS patients and 83% believed a small group of dentists with specialized training should be responsible for the care of these patients. 69% reported their patients had expressed concerns about contracting AIDS through dental procedures and asked questions about sterilization practices. Finally, 63% believed that HIV seropositivity was not sufficient grounds for dismissal of dentists from practice.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/153798
ISSN

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorDarling, Men_US
dc.contributor.authorArendorf, Ten_US
dc.contributor.authorSamaranayake, LPen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-08T08:21:38Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-08T08:21:38Z-
dc.date.issued1992en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe Journal Of The Dental Association Of South Africa = Die Tydskrif Van Die Tandheelkundige Vereniging Van Suid-Afrika, 1992, v. 47 n. 9, p. 399-402en_US
dc.identifier.issn0011-8516en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/153798-
dc.description.abstractAs the numbers of people with HIV infection and AIDS increase, so will the contribution required from the dental practitioners. A postal questionnaire survey was therefore conducted among dental practitioners in South Africa to determine their knowledge and attitudes towards HIV infection and the issues it raises for them. Although a majority of dentists were aware of the facts related to AIDS, and the spread and oral manifestations of HIV infection, there were considerable gaps in their knowledge with regard to the dental management of infected patients. Only 45 per cent were prepared to be engaged in the continued care of HIV-infected patients while contradicting opinions were expressed on the risk of HIV transmission in dentistry and attitudes towards HIV seropositive patients and staff. Further educational efforts on HIV infection and its implications in dentistry should be directed towards dentists in South Africa. | As the number of people with HIV infection increases, dental practitioners will be required to enhance their knowledge of the disease and its oral manifestations. In this study, a questionnaire was mailed to 1000 dentists randomly selected from the Dentists' Register of South Africa. After 2 mailings, a total of 408 responses were returned. HIV transmission in the dental clinic was rated as very likely by 30%, likely by 41%, unlikely by 12%, and extremely unlikely by 9%. Oral candidiasis, Kaposi's sarcoma, and herpes infection were correctly identified by the majority of respondents as the most common oral manifestations of AIDS. 71% of dentists felt they had acquired adequate knowledge of HIV/AIDS, primarily from journals. 95% routinely wore gloves, masks, and eye protection. 57% had a policy for the treatment of HIV-positive patients and 19% had actually treated such patients. 91% believed that all HIV-positive patients should be notified to a government body and 76% thought such patients should carry an identity card noting their HIV status. Only 45% were willing to be engaged in the continued care of AIDS patients and 83% believed a small group of dentists with specialized training should be responsible for the care of these patients. 69% reported their patients had expressed concerns about contracting AIDS through dental procedures and asked questions about sterilization practices. Finally, 63% believed that HIV seropositivity was not sufficient grounds for dismissal of dentists from practice.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.relation.ispartofThe Journal of the Dental Association of South Africa = Die Tydskrif van die Tandheelkundige Vereniging van Suid-Afrikaen_US
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshClinical Competence - Statistics & Numerical Dataen_US
dc.subject.meshDental Care For Chronically Ill - Statistics & Numerical Dataen_US
dc.subject.meshDentists - Psychology - Statistics & Numerical Dataen_US
dc.subject.meshFearen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHiv Infections - Prevention & Control - Therapy - Transmissionen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshInfection Control, Dentalen_US
dc.subject.meshInfectious Disease Transmission, Patient-To-Professional - Prevention & Controlen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshQuestionnairesen_US
dc.subject.meshSouth Africaen_US
dc.titleOral care of HIV-infected patients: the knowledge and attitudes of South African dentists.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailSamaranayake, LP:lakshman@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authoritySamaranayake, LP=rp00023en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.pmid9511621en_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0026928644en_US
dc.identifier.volume47en_US
dc.identifier.issue9en_US
dc.identifier.spage399en_US
dc.identifier.epage402en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridDarling, M=7006491978en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridArendorf, T=7003331438en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSamaranayake, LP=7102761002en_US

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