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Article: Clinical diagnosis of trauma from occlusion and its relation with severity of periodontitis.

TitleClinical diagnosis of trauma from occlusion and its relation with severity of periodontitis.
Authors
Issue Date1992
PublisherBlackwell Munksgaard. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/CPE
Citation
Journal Of Clinical Periodontology, 1992, v. 19 n. 2, p. 92-97 How to Cite?
AbstractThe purpose of the present study was to determine the reliability of several selected signs of trauma from occlusion and their relations with severity of periodontitis. 32 moderate to advanced chronic periodontitis patients participated in the study. All teeth present were evaluated for various abnormal occlusal contacts, signs of trauma from occlusion, and the severity of periodontitis. Standardized periapical radiographs were also taken for each tooth. The results demonstrated that: (1) no significant difference occurred in probing pocket depth (PD), clinical attachment loss (AL), or percentage of alveolar bone height (BH) between teeth with and without various abnormal occlusal contacts, i.e., premature contacts in centric relation occlusion, non-working contacts in lateral excursions, premature contacts of anterior teeth or posterior protrusive tooth contacts; (2) teeth with either significant mobility, functional mobility, or radiographically widened periodontal ligament space (PDLS) had deeper PD, more AL and lower BH than teeth without these signs, while teeth with pronounced wear or radiographically thickened lamina dura had less AL than teeth without these findings; (3) 2 combined indices, i.e., the trauma from occlusion index (TOI) and the adaptability index (AI), were proposed for the identification of occlusal trauma and the response of periodontium to excessive biting forces in heavy function, respectively; TOI-positive teeth exhibit deeper PD, more AL and less osseous support than TOI-negative teeth; however, AI-positive teeth had less AL and more osseous support than AI-negative teeth; (4) with identical attachment level, TOI-positive teeth had less osseous support than TOI-negative teeth while the magnitude of difference became greater with an increase of attachment loss.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/153781
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.915
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.848
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorJin, LJen_US
dc.contributor.authorCao, CFen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-08T08:21:32Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-08T08:21:32Z-
dc.date.issued1992en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Clinical Periodontology, 1992, v. 19 n. 2, p. 92-97en_US
dc.identifier.issn0303-6979en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/153781-
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of the present study was to determine the reliability of several selected signs of trauma from occlusion and their relations with severity of periodontitis. 32 moderate to advanced chronic periodontitis patients participated in the study. All teeth present were evaluated for various abnormal occlusal contacts, signs of trauma from occlusion, and the severity of periodontitis. Standardized periapical radiographs were also taken for each tooth. The results demonstrated that: (1) no significant difference occurred in probing pocket depth (PD), clinical attachment loss (AL), or percentage of alveolar bone height (BH) between teeth with and without various abnormal occlusal contacts, i.e., premature contacts in centric relation occlusion, non-working contacts in lateral excursions, premature contacts of anterior teeth or posterior protrusive tooth contacts; (2) teeth with either significant mobility, functional mobility, or radiographically widened periodontal ligament space (PDLS) had deeper PD, more AL and lower BH than teeth without these signs, while teeth with pronounced wear or radiographically thickened lamina dura had less AL than teeth without these findings; (3) 2 combined indices, i.e., the trauma from occlusion index (TOI) and the adaptability index (AI), were proposed for the identification of occlusal trauma and the response of periodontium to excessive biting forces in heavy function, respectively; TOI-positive teeth exhibit deeper PD, more AL and less osseous support than TOI-negative teeth; however, AI-positive teeth had less AL and more osseous support than AI-negative teeth; (4) with identical attachment level, TOI-positive teeth had less osseous support than TOI-negative teeth while the magnitude of difference became greater with an increase of attachment loss.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherBlackwell Munksgaard. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/CPEen_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Clinical Periodontologyen_US
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshAlveolar Bone Loss - Complicationsen_US
dc.subject.meshBite Forceen_US
dc.subject.meshCentric Relationen_US
dc.subject.meshDental Occlusion, Traumatic - Complications - Diagnosisen_US
dc.subject.meshDisease Susceptibilityen_US
dc.subject.meshEpithelial Attachment - Pathologyen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMalocclusion - Complications - Diagnosisen_US
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_US
dc.subject.meshObserver Variationen_US
dc.subject.meshPeriodontal Ligament - Pathologyen_US
dc.subject.meshPeriodontal Pocket - Complicationsen_US
dc.subject.meshPeriodontitis - Complications - Diagnosis - Pathologyen_US
dc.subject.meshReproducibility Of Resultsen_US
dc.subject.meshTooth Abrasion - Complicationsen_US
dc.subject.meshTooth Mobility - Complicationsen_US
dc.titleClinical diagnosis of trauma from occlusion and its relation with severity of periodontitis.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailJin, LJ:ljjin@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityJin, LJ=rp00028en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.pmid1602041-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0026812048en_US
dc.identifier.volume19en_US
dc.identifier.issue2en_US
dc.identifier.spage92en_US
dc.identifier.epage97en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:A1992HD02500004-
dc.publisher.placeDenmarken_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridJin, LJ=7403328850en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCao, CF=7401501946en_US

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