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Article: Effects of supervised chlorhexidine mouthrinses in children. A longitudinal clinical trial

TitleEffects of supervised chlorhexidine mouthrinses in children. A longitudinal clinical trial
Authors
Issue Date1982
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0022-3484&site=1
Citation
Journal Of Periodontal Research, 1982, v. 17 n. 1, p. 101-111 How to Cite?
AbstractThe study tested the effects of supervised chlorhexidine digluconate (CH) mouthrinses on plaque and gingivitis in school children. 158 children (aged 10-12 years) participated in the study. They were divided into four groups matched according to age, sex, DMFS, and GI. Following a scaling and prophylaxis procedure, Group A was assigned to daily oral rinsing 6 times per week using a .2% solution of CH. Group B used the same solution only twice per week, and Group C was assigned to daily rinsing using a .1% solution of CH. Group D served as control and rinsed daily with a placebo solution. All the rinsings were supervised and timed for 30 seconds. No attempt was made to influence the oral hygiene habits of the children. Prior to the initial prophylaxis and after 6 months of supervised rinsing, plaque was scored using the Plaque Index (P1I), and gingivitis was assessed using the Gingival Index (GI). Calculus was scored according to the Calculus Surface Index (CSI), and stain was also graded. DMFS indices were assessed using clinical and radiographic examinations. At the end of the study plaque was significantly reduced in all CH groups when compared with the controls, and calculus increased significantly in all CH groups. In Group A the GI dropped from .88 to .15 and in Group from .80 to .24. In Group B the GI dropped from .79 to .38. In the control group a slight reduction from GI = .93 to GI = .75 was noted. The study has shown that gingivitis can be controlled on a longitudinal basis using .1% or .2% mouthrinses of CH as an adjunct to daily toothbrushing.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/153545
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.474
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.932
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLang, NPen_US
dc.contributor.authorHotz, Pen_US
dc.contributor.authorGraf, Hen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-08T08:20:17Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-08T08:20:17Z-
dc.date.issued1982en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Periodontal Research, 1982, v. 17 n. 1, p. 101-111en_US
dc.identifier.issn0022-3484en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/153545-
dc.description.abstractThe study tested the effects of supervised chlorhexidine digluconate (CH) mouthrinses on plaque and gingivitis in school children. 158 children (aged 10-12 years) participated in the study. They were divided into four groups matched according to age, sex, DMFS, and GI. Following a scaling and prophylaxis procedure, Group A was assigned to daily oral rinsing 6 times per week using a .2% solution of CH. Group B used the same solution only twice per week, and Group C was assigned to daily rinsing using a .1% solution of CH. Group D served as control and rinsed daily with a placebo solution. All the rinsings were supervised and timed for 30 seconds. No attempt was made to influence the oral hygiene habits of the children. Prior to the initial prophylaxis and after 6 months of supervised rinsing, plaque was scored using the Plaque Index (P1I), and gingivitis was assessed using the Gingival Index (GI). Calculus was scored according to the Calculus Surface Index (CSI), and stain was also graded. DMFS indices were assessed using clinical and radiographic examinations. At the end of the study plaque was significantly reduced in all CH groups when compared with the controls, and calculus increased significantly in all CH groups. In Group A the GI dropped from .88 to .15 and in Group from .80 to .24. In Group B the GI dropped from .79 to .38. In the control group a slight reduction from GI = .93 to GI = .75 was noted. The study has shown that gingivitis can be controlled on a longitudinal basis using .1% or .2% mouthrinses of CH as an adjunct to daily toothbrushing.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0022-3484&site=1en_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Periodontal Researchen_US
dc.subject.meshChilden_US
dc.subject.meshChlorhexidine - Administration & Dosage - Analogs & Derivatives - Pharmacologyen_US
dc.subject.meshClinical Trials As Topicen_US
dc.subject.meshDental Calculus - Etiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshDental Caries - Prevention & Controlen_US
dc.subject.meshDental Plaque - Prevention & Controlen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshGingivitis - Prevention & Controlen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshLongitudinal Studiesen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMouthwashesen_US
dc.titleEffects of supervised chlorhexidine mouthrinses in children. A longitudinal clinical trialen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailLang, NP:nplang@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLang, NP=rp00031en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.pmid6211534-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0020030164en_US
dc.identifier.volume17en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
dc.identifier.spage101en_US
dc.identifier.epage111en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:A1982ND68900010-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLang, NP=7201577367en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHotz, P=7006630160en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGraf, H=7201978981en_US

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