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Article: Air pollution: Costs and paths to a solution in Hong Kong - Understanding the connections among visibility, air pollution, and health costs in pursuit of accountability, environmental justice, and health protection

TitleAir pollution: Costs and paths to a solution in Hong Kong - Understanding the connections among visibility, air pollution, and health costs in pursuit of accountability, environmental justice, and health protection
Authors
Issue Date2008
PublisherTaylor & Francis Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/15287394.asp
Citation
Journal Of Toxicology And Environmental Health - Part A: Current Issues, 2008, v. 71 n. 9-10, p. 544-554 How to Cite?
Abstract
Air quality has deteriorated in Hong Kong over more than 15 yr. As part of a program of public accountability, photographs on Poor and Better visibility days were used as representations of the relationships among visibility, air pollution, adverse health effects, and community costs for health care and lost productivity. Coefficients from time-series models and gazetted costs were used to estimate the health and economic impacts of different levels of pollution. In this population of 6.9 million, air quality improvement from the annual average to the lowest pollutant levels of Better visibility days, comparable to the World Health Organization air quality guidelines, would avoid 1335 deaths, 60,587 hospital bed days, and 6.7 million doctor visits for respiratory complaints each year. Direct costs and productivity losses avoided would be over US$240 million a year. The dissemination of these findings led to increased demands for pollution controls from the public and legislators, but denials of the need for urgent action arose from the government. The outcome demonstrates the need for more effective translation of the scientific evidence base into risk communication and public policy. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/151656
ISSN
2013 Impact Factor: 1.834
2013 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.707
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

Author Affiliations
  1. Civic Exchange
  2. The University of Hong Kong
  3. Prince of Wales Hospital Hong Kong
  4. Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHedley, AJen_US
dc.contributor.authorMcghee, SMen_US
dc.contributor.authorBarron, Ben_US
dc.contributor.authorChau, Pen_US
dc.contributor.authorChau, Jen_US
dc.contributor.authorThach, TQen_US
dc.contributor.authorWong, TWen_US
dc.contributor.authorLoh, Cen_US
dc.contributor.authorWong, CMen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-26T06:26:07Z-
dc.date.available2012-06-26T06:26:07Z-
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Toxicology And Environmental Health - Part A: Current Issues, 2008, v. 71 n. 9-10, p. 544-554en_US
dc.identifier.issn1528-7394en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/151656-
dc.description.abstractAir quality has deteriorated in Hong Kong over more than 15 yr. As part of a program of public accountability, photographs on Poor and Better visibility days were used as representations of the relationships among visibility, air pollution, adverse health effects, and community costs for health care and lost productivity. Coefficients from time-series models and gazetted costs were used to estimate the health and economic impacts of different levels of pollution. In this population of 6.9 million, air quality improvement from the annual average to the lowest pollutant levels of Better visibility days, comparable to the World Health Organization air quality guidelines, would avoid 1335 deaths, 60,587 hospital bed days, and 6.7 million doctor visits for respiratory complaints each year. Direct costs and productivity losses avoided would be over US$240 million a year. The dissemination of these findings led to increased demands for pollution controls from the public and legislators, but denials of the need for urgent action arose from the government. The outcome demonstrates the need for more effective translation of the scientific evidence base into risk communication and public policy. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherTaylor & Francis Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/15287394.aspen_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A: Current Issuesen_US
dc.subject.meshAir Pollution - Adverse Effects - Analysis - Economicsen_US
dc.subject.meshCost Of Illnessen_US
dc.subject.meshHong Kongen_US
dc.subject.meshHospitalization - Economics - Statistics & Numerical Dataen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshNitrogen Dioxide - Analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshOzone - Analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshParticulate Matter - Analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshRespiratory Tract Diseases - Economics - Etiology - Mortalityen_US
dc.subject.meshSocial Responsibilityen_US
dc.subject.meshSulfur Dioxide - Analysisen_US
dc.titleAir pollution: Costs and paths to a solution in Hong Kong - Understanding the connections among visibility, air pollution, and health costs in pursuit of accountability, environmental justice, and health protectionen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailHedley, AJ:hrmrajh@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailMcGhee, SM:smmcghee@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailThach, TQ:thach@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailWong, CM:hrmrwcm@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityHedley, AJ=rp00357en_US
dc.identifier.authorityMcGhee, SM=rp00393en_US
dc.identifier.authorityThach, TQ=rp00450en_US
dc.identifier.authorityWong, CM=rp00338en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/15287390801997476en_US
dc.identifier.pmid18569625en_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-46749088979en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-46749088979&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume71en_US
dc.identifier.issue9-10en_US
dc.identifier.spage544en_US
dc.identifier.epage554en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000256886800002-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHedley, AJ=7102584095en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMcGhee, SM=7003288588en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBarron, B=24469598100en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChau, P=7102266397en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChau, J=36941253500en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridThach, TQ=6602850066en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, TW=7403531744en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLoh, C=7103343644en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, CM=7404954904en_US

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