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Article: Effectiveness of an elderly smoking cessation counseling training program for social workers: A longitudinal study

TitleEffectiveness of an elderly smoking cessation counseling training program for social workers: A longitudinal study
Authors
KeywordsEvaluation
Smoking cessation
Social workers
Training
Issue Date2007
PublisherAmerican College of Chest Physicians. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.chestjournal.org
Citation
Chest, 2007, v. 131 n. 4, p. 1157-1165 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: To achieve greater coverage of the elderly smoking population, the provider/client interface could be broadened to include other professional groups who work with the elderly. We evaluated the effectiveness of a 9-h smoking cessation counseling training program for social workers. Methods: We recruited 177 social workers and used a preintervention/postintervention longitudinal design, analyzed by multilevel, multivariable modeling to adjust for between-subjects covariables and within-subjects correlation in repeated measurements at baseline, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months after training. Results: Overall, knowledge improved from a mean score of 6.70 ± 1.03 (± SD) at baseline to 7.35 ± 0.75 at 12 months (range, 0 to 8 correct responses), attitude from 2.84 ± 0.41 to 3.10 ± 0.48, and self-perceived competence from 2.49 ± 0.38 to 2.85 ± 0.36 (range, 1 to 4, where 4 is best). On multilevel modeling, three of the four "A"s (ask, advice, assist, arrange as per the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality framework) registered significant gains from baseline to 12 months overall, whereas "advice" did not show any appreciable change. Conclusion: These findings demonstrate that our smoking cessation training program achieved sustained effectiveness in the first year after training in enhancing knowledge, positively shifting attitudes, boosting self-perceived competence, and increasing the self-reported frequency of practicing three of the four As in their routine interaction with elderly clients.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/151644
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 5.94
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 3.176
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLeung, GMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChan, SSCen_HK
dc.contributor.authorJohnston, JMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChan, SKKen_HK
dc.contributor.authorWoo, PPSen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChi, Ien_HK
dc.contributor.authorLam, THen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-26T06:25:53Z-
dc.date.available2012-06-26T06:25:53Z-
dc.date.issued2007en_HK
dc.identifier.citationChest, 2007, v. 131 n. 4, p. 1157-1165en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0012-3692en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/151644-
dc.description.abstractBackground: To achieve greater coverage of the elderly smoking population, the provider/client interface could be broadened to include other professional groups who work with the elderly. We evaluated the effectiveness of a 9-h smoking cessation counseling training program for social workers. Methods: We recruited 177 social workers and used a preintervention/postintervention longitudinal design, analyzed by multilevel, multivariable modeling to adjust for between-subjects covariables and within-subjects correlation in repeated measurements at baseline, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months after training. Results: Overall, knowledge improved from a mean score of 6.70 ± 1.03 (± SD) at baseline to 7.35 ± 0.75 at 12 months (range, 0 to 8 correct responses), attitude from 2.84 ± 0.41 to 3.10 ± 0.48, and self-perceived competence from 2.49 ± 0.38 to 2.85 ± 0.36 (range, 1 to 4, where 4 is best). On multilevel modeling, three of the four "A"s (ask, advice, assist, arrange as per the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality framework) registered significant gains from baseline to 12 months overall, whereas "advice" did not show any appreciable change. Conclusion: These findings demonstrate that our smoking cessation training program achieved sustained effectiveness in the first year after training in enhancing knowledge, positively shifting attitudes, boosting self-perceived competence, and increasing the self-reported frequency of practicing three of the four As in their routine interaction with elderly clients.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherAmerican College of Chest Physicians. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.chestjournal.orgen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofChesten_HK
dc.subjectEvaluationen_HK
dc.subjectSmoking cessationen_HK
dc.subjectSocial workersen_HK
dc.subjectTrainingen_HK
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshAge Factorsen_US
dc.subject.meshDirective Counseling - Organization & Administrationen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshFollow-Up Studiesen_US
dc.subject.meshHealth Knowledge, Attitudes, Practiceen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_US
dc.subject.meshPatient Education As Topic - Methodsen_US
dc.subject.meshPrognosisen_US
dc.subject.meshQuality Assurance, Health Careen_US
dc.subject.meshQuestionnairesen_US
dc.subject.meshSmoking Cessation - Methodsen_US
dc.subject.meshSocial Work - Educationen_US
dc.titleEffectiveness of an elderly smoking cessation counseling training program for social workers: A longitudinal studyen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailLeung, GM: gmleung@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailChan, SSC: scsophia@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailJohnston, JM: jjohnsto@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailLam, TH: hrmrlth@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLeung, GM=rp00460en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityChan, SSC=rp00423en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityJohnston, JM=rp00375en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLam, TH=rp00326en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1378/chest.06-1975en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid17426223-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-34247278342en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros126582-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-34247278342&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume131en_HK
dc.identifier.issue4en_HK
dc.identifier.spage1157en_HK
dc.identifier.epage1165en_HK
dc.identifier.eissn1931-3543-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000245770600034-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLeung, GM=7007159841en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChan, SSC=7404255378en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridJohnston, JM=7403397964en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChan, SKK=24472757900en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWoo, PPS=8426498200en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChi, I=7005697907en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, TH=7202522876en_HK

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