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Article: Nurses' tobacco-related knowledge, attitudes, and practice in four major cities in China: Clinical scholarship

TitleNurses' tobacco-related knowledge, attitudes, and practice in four major cities in China: Clinical scholarship
Authors
KeywordsChina
Smoking cessation
Tobacco control
Issue Date2007
Citation
Journal Of Nursing Scholarship, 2007, v. 39 n. 1, p. 46-53 How to Cite?
AbstractPurpose: To (a) identify Chinese nurses' tobacco-related knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP), including perception of competency in smoking-cessation interventions; (b) identify barriers and facilitators to smoking cessation interventions to patients; and (c) assess the learning needs and smoking status of nurses. Design: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in four major cities (Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Chongqing) in China from November to December 2003. Methods: 2,888 registered nurses working in hospitals affiliated with five university schools of nursing in these cities were invited to complete a questionnaire. An instrument used to assess tobacco-related KAP in Hong Kong was translated into Chinese and pilot tested to ensure reliability and validity. Findings: 2,179 questionnaires were returned and after exclusion of the grossly incomplete questionnaires, 1,690 were included in the present analysis. Only 2% of participants were current and 1% were former smokers; most had not received training for smoking-cessation interventions as part of their nursing education program. Two-thirds recognized smoking as a leading cause of preventable death and that smoking cessation was the most cost effective intervention, but only a third routinely assisted patients' quit attempts. Nurses who received training reported greater competence in providing smoking-cessation intervention, and more frequent practice of cessation interventions. Conclusions: Chinese nurses had some knowledge about the health effects of tobacco use, but seldom practiced smoking-cessation interventions. Those who had prior training had greater competence and more practice. Including tobacco control, especially smoking cessation, in nursing curricula in China has the potential to save millions of lives. © 2007 Sigma Theta Tau International.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/151639
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.521
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.134
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChan, SSCen_US
dc.contributor.authorSarna, Len_US
dc.contributor.authorWong, DCNen_US
dc.contributor.authorLam, THen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-26T06:25:51Z-
dc.date.available2012-06-26T06:25:51Z-
dc.date.issued2007en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Nursing Scholarship, 2007, v. 39 n. 1, p. 46-53en_US
dc.identifier.issn1527-6546en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/151639-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: To (a) identify Chinese nurses' tobacco-related knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP), including perception of competency in smoking-cessation interventions; (b) identify barriers and facilitators to smoking cessation interventions to patients; and (c) assess the learning needs and smoking status of nurses. Design: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in four major cities (Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Chongqing) in China from November to December 2003. Methods: 2,888 registered nurses working in hospitals affiliated with five university schools of nursing in these cities were invited to complete a questionnaire. An instrument used to assess tobacco-related KAP in Hong Kong was translated into Chinese and pilot tested to ensure reliability and validity. Findings: 2,179 questionnaires were returned and after exclusion of the grossly incomplete questionnaires, 1,690 were included in the present analysis. Only 2% of participants were current and 1% were former smokers; most had not received training for smoking-cessation interventions as part of their nursing education program. Two-thirds recognized smoking as a leading cause of preventable death and that smoking cessation was the most cost effective intervention, but only a third routinely assisted patients' quit attempts. Nurses who received training reported greater competence in providing smoking-cessation intervention, and more frequent practice of cessation interventions. Conclusions: Chinese nurses had some knowledge about the health effects of tobacco use, but seldom practiced smoking-cessation interventions. Those who had prior training had greater competence and more practice. Including tobacco control, especially smoking cessation, in nursing curricula in China has the potential to save millions of lives. © 2007 Sigma Theta Tau International.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Nursing Scholarshipen_US
dc.subjectChina-
dc.subjectSmoking cessation-
dc.subjectTobacco control-
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshAttitude Of Health Personnelen_US
dc.subject.meshCause Of Deathen_US
dc.subject.meshChina - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshClinical Competenceen_US
dc.subject.meshCost-Benefit Analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshCurriculumen_US
dc.subject.meshEducation, Nursing, Continuingen_US
dc.subject.meshEducational Measurementen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHealth Knowledge, Attitudes, Practiceen_US
dc.subject.meshHospitals, Urbanen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshInservice Trainingen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshNeeds Assessmenten_US
dc.subject.meshNurse's Roleen_US
dc.subject.meshNursing Assessmenten_US
dc.subject.meshNursing Education Researchen_US
dc.subject.meshNursing Evaluation Researchen_US
dc.subject.meshNursing Methodology Researchen_US
dc.subject.meshNursing Staff, Hospital - Education - Organization & Administration - Psychologyen_US
dc.subject.meshPractice Guidelines As Topicen_US
dc.subject.meshQuestionnairesen_US
dc.subject.meshSmoking - Adverse Effects - Mortality - Prevention & Controlen_US
dc.subject.meshSmoking Cessation - Economics - Methodsen_US
dc.titleNurses' tobacco-related knowledge, attitudes, and practice in four major cities in China: Clinical scholarshipen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailChan, SSC:nssophia@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailLam, TH:hrmrlth@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityChan, SSC=rp00423en_US
dc.identifier.authorityLam, TH=rp00326en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1547-5069.2007.00142.xen_US
dc.identifier.pmid17393965-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-33847202252en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros126208-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-33847202252&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume39en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
dc.identifier.spage46en_US
dc.identifier.epage53en_US
dc.identifier.eissn1547-5069-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000244415000012-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChan, SSC=7404255378en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSarna, L=7006485647en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, DCN=24391473100en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, TH=7202522876en_US
dc.identifier.citeulike1126275-

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