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Article: Smoking, quitting, and mortality in a Chinese cohort of retired men

TitleSmoking, quitting, and mortality in a Chinese cohort of retired men
Authors
Issue Date2002
PublisherElsevier Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/annepidem
Citation
Annals Of Epidemiology, 2002, v. 12 n. 5, p. 316-320 How to Cite?
AbstractPURPOSE: To examine the relationship between smoking, quitting, and mortality in older Chinese men. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cohort analytic study was carried out in Xi'an, China. A total of 1268 retired male military cadres aged 60 or older were examined in 1987 and followed for 12 years. RESULTS: At baseline, 388 men were never-smokers, 461 were former smokers, and 419 were current smokers. Through May 1999, a total of 299 had died. The relative risks [95% confidence intervals (CI)] for ever-smoking, after adjusting for age, blood pressure, body mass index, total cholesterol, triglycerides, alcohol drinking, exercise and existing diseases, for deaths resulting from all causes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer, and coronary heart disease (CHD) were, respectively, 1.34 (1.02-1.76), 3.23 (0.95-10.91), 2.31 (0.95-5.61), and 1.60 (0.81-3.19). The risks increased significantly with increasing amount and duration of smoking. Compared with current smokers, former smokers had lower risks of total mortality (excess risk reduction of 56%) and from CHD death, but had higher risks for COPD death. CONCLUSIONS: Smoking is a major cause of death in older Chinese and quitting can save lives. Early recognition of the significance of COPD symptoms followed by prompt quitting should be emphasized in the control of the growing tobacco epidemic. © 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/151564
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.335
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.439
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLam, THen_US
dc.contributor.authorHe, Yen_US
dc.contributor.authorShi, QLen_US
dc.contributor.authorHuang, JYen_US
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Fen_US
dc.contributor.authorWan, ZHen_US
dc.contributor.authorSun, CSen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, LSen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-26T06:24:44Z-
dc.date.available2012-06-26T06:24:44Z-
dc.date.issued2002en_US
dc.identifier.citationAnnals Of Epidemiology, 2002, v. 12 n. 5, p. 316-320en_US
dc.identifier.issn1047-2797en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/151564-
dc.description.abstractPURPOSE: To examine the relationship between smoking, quitting, and mortality in older Chinese men. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cohort analytic study was carried out in Xi'an, China. A total of 1268 retired male military cadres aged 60 or older were examined in 1987 and followed for 12 years. RESULTS: At baseline, 388 men were never-smokers, 461 were former smokers, and 419 were current smokers. Through May 1999, a total of 299 had died. The relative risks [95% confidence intervals (CI)] for ever-smoking, after adjusting for age, blood pressure, body mass index, total cholesterol, triglycerides, alcohol drinking, exercise and existing diseases, for deaths resulting from all causes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer, and coronary heart disease (CHD) were, respectively, 1.34 (1.02-1.76), 3.23 (0.95-10.91), 2.31 (0.95-5.61), and 1.60 (0.81-3.19). The risks increased significantly with increasing amount and duration of smoking. Compared with current smokers, former smokers had lower risks of total mortality (excess risk reduction of 56%) and from CHD death, but had higher risks for COPD death. CONCLUSIONS: Smoking is a major cause of death in older Chinese and quitting can save lives. Early recognition of the significance of COPD symptoms followed by prompt quitting should be emphasized in the control of the growing tobacco epidemic. © 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherElsevier Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/annepidemen_US
dc.relation.ispartofAnnals of Epidemiologyen_US
dc.rightsAnnals of Epidemiology. Copyright © Elsevier Inc.-
dc.subject.meshAgeden_US
dc.subject.meshCause Of Deathen_US
dc.subject.meshChina - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshCohort Studiesen_US
dc.subject.meshCoronary Artery Disease - Etiology - Mortalityen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshLung Diseases - Etiology - Mortalityen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_US
dc.subject.meshMortality - Trendsen_US
dc.subject.meshRetirementen_US
dc.subject.meshRisk Assessmenten_US
dc.subject.meshSmoking - Adverse Effectsen_US
dc.subject.meshSmoking Cessationen_US
dc.titleSmoking, quitting, and mortality in a Chinese cohort of retired menen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailLam, TH:hrmrlth@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLam, TH=rp00326en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S1047-2797(01)00258-7en_US
dc.identifier.pmid12062918-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0036284064en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros74955-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0036284064&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume12en_US
dc.identifier.issue5en_US
dc.identifier.spage316en_US
dc.identifier.epage320en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000176173900006-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, TH=7202522876en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHe, Y=7404942229en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridShi, QL=8691920600en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHuang, JY=7407192597en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhang, F=7404970325en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWan, ZH=15618893200en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSun, CS=7404248479en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLi, LS=26659754800en_US

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