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Article: Does the Chinese construct of guan export to the West?

TitleDoes the Chinese construct of guan export to the West?
Authors
Issue Date2002
PublisherPsychology Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/00207594.asp
Citation
International Journal Of Psychology, 2002, v. 37 n. 2, p. 74-82 How to Cite?
AbstractThis study reverses the usual process of assessing universality by examining whether a construct originating in non-western cultures has functional relevance in the West. The construct of guan or "training" was proposed by Chao (1994) as reflecting important Chinese parenting practices also shared by other Confucian cultures. She proposed that this construct is more relevant to the understanding of outcomes among Asian-American youth than constructs that have been developed in the West, such as "authoritative" parenting. The association among the behaviours incorporated in this construct and other "universal" parenting styles such as parental warmth has not been previously reported. Nor has there been a previous report of the prevalence and perceived desirability of guan behaviours from Western individuals. Participants in the present study were US (N = 118), Hong Kong (N = 171) and Pakistani (N = 98) nursing students. In all three cultures, guan items had adequate internal consistency (Cronbach's alphas ranging from .69 to .76), associated positively with parental warmth (Pearsons' r ranging from .37 to .52), and were seen as attributes of ideal parents. Mothers in all three cultures were perceived as showing more guan than fathers show. The associations between parental guan and the outcomes of perceived health, relationship harmony and life satisfaction were significant for the Asian participants. Tests of guan's functional relevance in the West had equivocal results with weak associations to positive outcomes in the West compared to Asia. However, the differences between cultures did not reach statistical significance. When the cultures were merged, parental training perceptions predicted a significant proportion of the variance in outcomes. Mothers' guan predicted self-esteem in their children, whereas fathers' guan predicted life satisfaction. Although guan may have emerged from a Chinese cultural context, it appears to function similarly in many cultural systems, and may represent the Asian face of authoritative parenting.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/151563
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.276
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.552
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorStewart, SMen_US
dc.contributor.authorBond, MHen_US
dc.contributor.authorKennard, BDen_US
dc.contributor.authorHo, LMen_US
dc.contributor.authorZaman, RMen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-26T06:24:42Z-
dc.date.available2012-06-26T06:24:42Z-
dc.date.issued2002en_US
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal Of Psychology, 2002, v. 37 n. 2, p. 74-82en_US
dc.identifier.issn0020-7594en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/151563-
dc.description.abstractThis study reverses the usual process of assessing universality by examining whether a construct originating in non-western cultures has functional relevance in the West. The construct of guan or "training" was proposed by Chao (1994) as reflecting important Chinese parenting practices also shared by other Confucian cultures. She proposed that this construct is more relevant to the understanding of outcomes among Asian-American youth than constructs that have been developed in the West, such as "authoritative" parenting. The association among the behaviours incorporated in this construct and other "universal" parenting styles such as parental warmth has not been previously reported. Nor has there been a previous report of the prevalence and perceived desirability of guan behaviours from Western individuals. Participants in the present study were US (N = 118), Hong Kong (N = 171) and Pakistani (N = 98) nursing students. In all three cultures, guan items had adequate internal consistency (Cronbach's alphas ranging from .69 to .76), associated positively with parental warmth (Pearsons' r ranging from .37 to .52), and were seen as attributes of ideal parents. Mothers in all three cultures were perceived as showing more guan than fathers show. The associations between parental guan and the outcomes of perceived health, relationship harmony and life satisfaction were significant for the Asian participants. Tests of guan's functional relevance in the West had equivocal results with weak associations to positive outcomes in the West compared to Asia. However, the differences between cultures did not reach statistical significance. When the cultures were merged, parental training perceptions predicted a significant proportion of the variance in outcomes. Mothers' guan predicted self-esteem in their children, whereas fathers' guan predicted life satisfaction. Although guan may have emerged from a Chinese cultural context, it appears to function similarly in many cultural systems, and may represent the Asian face of authoritative parenting.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherPsychology Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/00207594.aspen_US
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Psychologyen_US
dc.titleDoes the Chinese construct of guan export to the West?en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailHo, LM:lmho@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityHo, LM=rp00360en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/00207590143000162en_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0036012382en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0036012382&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume37en_US
dc.identifier.issue2en_US
dc.identifier.spage74en_US
dc.identifier.epage82en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000174967500002-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridStewart, SM=35460013800en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBond, MH=7202608757en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKennard, BD=35433973300en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHo, LM=7402955625en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZaman, RM=7004304778en_US

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