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Article: Late Ordovician to early Devonian adakites and Nb-enriched basalts in the Liuyuan area, Beishan, NW China: Implications for early Paleozoic slab-melting and crustal growth in the southern Altaids
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TitleLate Ordovician to early Devonian adakites and Nb-enriched basalts in the Liuyuan area, Beishan, NW China: Implications for early Paleozoic slab-melting and crustal growth in the southern Altaids
 
AuthorsMao, Q2 2
Xiao, W2
Fang, T2
Wang, J2
Han, C2
Sun, M1
Yuan, C3
 
KeywordsAdakites
Altaids
Beishan
Crustal Growth
Geochemistry
Geochronology
Nb-Enriched Basalts
 
Issue Date2012
 
PublisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jcr
 
CitationGondwana Research, 2012, v. 22 n. 2, p. 534-553 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2011.06.006
 
AbstractWe report newly-defined Nb-enriched basalts, adakites and dacites from the Beishan, NW China of the southern Altaids based on field, geochemical, isotopic and geochronology studies. Two phases of adakites (adakite-I and adakite-II) have been defined, which are calc-alkaline, and characterized by high Na 2O/K 2O ratios (1.49-1.71 and 2.32-3.64) and Sr contents (494-1213 ppm and 325-494 ppm), negligible to positive Eu anomalies, strong depletion of HREE (e.g., Yb = 0.48-0.93 ppm and 0.50-0.99 ppm) and Y (6.87-9.80 ppm and 6.02-10.30 ppm), and enriched in Rb, Sr, Ba, K and depleted Nb and Ti. They are characterized by relatively low ε Nd(t) values (- 0.8 to - 0.9 and + 0.6 to + 3.8) and relatively constant high ( 87Sr/ 86Sr) i ratios (0.70635-0.70636 and 0.70583-0.70651). The zircons of adakite-I have relatively low ε Hf(t)(- 0.8 to + 2.7). The Nb-enriched basalts are sodium-rich (N 2O/K 2O = 1.31-4.44), with higher TiO 2, P 2O 5, Zr and Nb contents and (Nb/Th) PM, (Nb/La) PM and Nb/U ratios than typical arc basalts. They are relatively enriched in Rb, Ba, U, Pb and K, depleted in Nb, and minor negative to positive Ba, Zr, Sr and Ti. They have low positive ε Nd(t) (+ 0.9 to + 2.3) and relatively high ( 87Sr/ 86Sr) i (0.70556-0.70691) ratios. The dacites are typical arc magmas, with moderately enriched LILE, distinctly negative Eu, Nb, Sr and Ti anomalies. They have positive ε Nd(t) (+ 2.2) and relatively high ( 87Sr/ 86Sr) i (0.70786). We argue that the Liuyuan adakites were most probably related to the melting of young/hot subducted crust of the Paleo-Asian Ocean, which included tectonically-subducted radiogenic crustal material and/or inheritance from highly radiogenic oceanic crust (e.g. OIB). The Nb-enriched basalts likely resulted from mantle wedge peridotites metasomatized by adakites and/or further changed by components other than adakites (e.g., minor slab-derived fluids). Based on own zircon SIMS U-Pb dating of these key rock types, we further propose that from the late Ordovician to early Devonian, large volumes of magma consisting of late Ordovician Nb-enriched basalts (451 Ma) and dacites (442 Ma), late Silurian adakite-I (424 Ma), early Devonian adakite-II (374 Ma) and I-S-A-type granites (436 Ma-380 Ma), developed in the southern Altaids. Together with other geochronological data from the literature, we conclude that subducted oceanic slab-melting was frequent from 470 Ma to 370 Ma. Our results suggest that frequent hot (and/or young) oceanic crustal subduction and slab-melting were important mechanisms in the accretionary growth of the Southern Altaids. © 2011 International Association for Gondwana Research.
 
ISSN1342-937X
2012 Impact Factor: 7.396
2012 SCImago Journal Rankings: 3.115
 
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2011.06.006
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorMao, Q
 
dc.contributor.authorXiao, W
 
dc.contributor.authorFang, T
 
dc.contributor.authorWang, J
 
dc.contributor.authorHan, C
 
dc.contributor.authorSun, M
 
dc.contributor.authorYuan, C
 
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-26T06:20:33Z
 
dc.date.available2012-06-26T06:20:33Z
 
dc.date.issued2012
 
dc.description.abstractWe report newly-defined Nb-enriched basalts, adakites and dacites from the Beishan, NW China of the southern Altaids based on field, geochemical, isotopic and geochronology studies. Two phases of adakites (adakite-I and adakite-II) have been defined, which are calc-alkaline, and characterized by high Na 2O/K 2O ratios (1.49-1.71 and 2.32-3.64) and Sr contents (494-1213 ppm and 325-494 ppm), negligible to positive Eu anomalies, strong depletion of HREE (e.g., Yb = 0.48-0.93 ppm and 0.50-0.99 ppm) and Y (6.87-9.80 ppm and 6.02-10.30 ppm), and enriched in Rb, Sr, Ba, K and depleted Nb and Ti. They are characterized by relatively low ε Nd(t) values (- 0.8 to - 0.9 and + 0.6 to + 3.8) and relatively constant high ( 87Sr/ 86Sr) i ratios (0.70635-0.70636 and 0.70583-0.70651). The zircons of adakite-I have relatively low ε Hf(t)(- 0.8 to + 2.7). The Nb-enriched basalts are sodium-rich (N 2O/K 2O = 1.31-4.44), with higher TiO 2, P 2O 5, Zr and Nb contents and (Nb/Th) PM, (Nb/La) PM and Nb/U ratios than typical arc basalts. They are relatively enriched in Rb, Ba, U, Pb and K, depleted in Nb, and minor negative to positive Ba, Zr, Sr and Ti. They have low positive ε Nd(t) (+ 0.9 to + 2.3) and relatively high ( 87Sr/ 86Sr) i (0.70556-0.70691) ratios. The dacites are typical arc magmas, with moderately enriched LILE, distinctly negative Eu, Nb, Sr and Ti anomalies. They have positive ε Nd(t) (+ 2.2) and relatively high ( 87Sr/ 86Sr) i (0.70786). We argue that the Liuyuan adakites were most probably related to the melting of young/hot subducted crust of the Paleo-Asian Ocean, which included tectonically-subducted radiogenic crustal material and/or inheritance from highly radiogenic oceanic crust (e.g. OIB). The Nb-enriched basalts likely resulted from mantle wedge peridotites metasomatized by adakites and/or further changed by components other than adakites (e.g., minor slab-derived fluids). Based on own zircon SIMS U-Pb dating of these key rock types, we further propose that from the late Ordovician to early Devonian, large volumes of magma consisting of late Ordovician Nb-enriched basalts (451 Ma) and dacites (442 Ma), late Silurian adakite-I (424 Ma), early Devonian adakite-II (374 Ma) and I-S-A-type granites (436 Ma-380 Ma), developed in the southern Altaids. Together with other geochronological data from the literature, we conclude that subducted oceanic slab-melting was frequent from 470 Ma to 370 Ma. Our results suggest that frequent hot (and/or young) oceanic crustal subduction and slab-melting were important mechanisms in the accretionary growth of the Southern Altaids. © 2011 International Association for Gondwana Research.
 
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext
 
dc.identifier.citationGondwana Research, 2012, v. 22 n. 2, p. 534-553 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2011.06.006
 
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2011.06.006
 
dc.identifier.hkuros219581
 
dc.identifier.issn1342-937X
2012 Impact Factor: 7.396
2012 SCImago Journal Rankings: 3.115
 
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84863877922
 
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/151317
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jcr
 
dc.publisher.placeNetherlands
 
dc.relation.ispartofGondwana Research
 
dc.subjectAdakites
 
dc.subjectAltaids
 
dc.subjectBeishan
 
dc.subjectCrustal Growth
 
dc.subjectGeochemistry
 
dc.subjectGeochronology
 
dc.subjectNb-Enriched Basalts
 
dc.titleLate Ordovician to early Devonian adakites and Nb-enriched basalts in the Liuyuan area, Beishan, NW China: Implications for early Paleozoic slab-melting and crustal growth in the southern Altaids
 
dc.typeArticle
 
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<contributor.author>Xiao, W</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Fang, T</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Wang, J</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Han, C</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Sun, M</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Yuan, C</contributor.author>
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<description.abstract>We report newly-defined Nb-enriched basalts, adakites and dacites from the Beishan, NW China of the southern Altaids based on field, geochemical, isotopic and geochronology studies. Two phases of adakites (adakite-I and adakite-II) have been defined, which are calc-alkaline, and characterized by high Na 2O/K 2O ratios (1.49-1.71 and 2.32-3.64) and Sr contents (494-1213 ppm and 325-494 ppm), negligible to positive Eu anomalies, strong depletion of HREE (e.g., Yb = 0.48-0.93 ppm and 0.50-0.99 ppm) and Y (6.87-9.80 ppm and 6.02-10.30 ppm), and enriched in Rb, Sr, Ba, K and depleted Nb and Ti. They are characterized by relatively low &#949; Nd(t) values (- 0.8 to - 0.9 and + 0.6 to + 3.8) and relatively constant high ( 87Sr/ 86Sr) i ratios (0.70635-0.70636 and 0.70583-0.70651). The zircons of adakite-I have relatively low &#949; Hf(t)(- 0.8 to + 2.7). The Nb-enriched basalts are sodium-rich (N 2O/K 2O = 1.31-4.44), with higher TiO 2, P 2O 5, Zr and Nb contents and (Nb/Th) PM, (Nb/La) PM and Nb/U ratios than typical arc basalts. They are relatively enriched in Rb, Ba, U, Pb and K, depleted in Nb, and minor negative to positive Ba, Zr, Sr and Ti. They have low positive &#949; Nd(t) (+ 0.9 to + 2.3) and relatively high ( 87Sr/ 86Sr) i (0.70556-0.70691) ratios. The dacites are typical arc magmas, with moderately enriched LILE, distinctly negative Eu, Nb, Sr and Ti anomalies. They have positive &#949; Nd(t) (+ 2.2) and relatively high ( 87Sr/ 86Sr) i (0.70786). We argue that the Liuyuan adakites were most probably related to the melting of young/hot subducted crust of the Paleo-Asian Ocean, which included tectonically-subducted radiogenic crustal material and/or inheritance from highly radiogenic oceanic crust (e.g. OIB). The Nb-enriched basalts likely resulted from mantle wedge peridotites metasomatized by adakites and/or further changed by components other than adakites (e.g., minor slab-derived fluids). Based on own zircon SIMS U-Pb dating of these key rock types, we further propose that from the late Ordovician to early Devonian, large volumes of magma consisting of late Ordovician Nb-enriched basalts (451 Ma) and dacites (442 Ma), late Silurian adakite-I (424 Ma), early Devonian adakite-II (374 Ma) and I-S-A-type granites (436 Ma-380 Ma), developed in the southern Altaids. Together with other geochronological data from the literature, we conclude that subducted oceanic slab-melting was frequent from 470 Ma to 370 Ma. Our results suggest that frequent hot (and/or young) oceanic crustal subduction and slab-melting were important mechanisms in the accretionary growth of the Southern Altaids. &#169; 2011 International Association for Gondwana Research.</description.abstract>
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<subject>Adakites</subject>
<subject>Altaids</subject>
<subject>Beishan</subject>
<subject>Crustal Growth</subject>
<subject>Geochemistry</subject>
<subject>Geochronology</subject>
<subject>Nb-Enriched Basalts</subject>
<title>Late Ordovician to early Devonian adakites and Nb-enriched basalts in the Liuyuan area, Beishan, NW China: Implications for early Paleozoic slab-melting and crustal growth in the southern Altaids</title>
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Author Affiliations
  1. The University of Hong Kong
  2. Institute of Geology and Geophysics Chinese Academy of Sciences
  3. Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry Chinese Academy of Sciences