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Article: Geochemical and geochronological constraints on the origin and emplacement of the Yarlung Zangbo ophiolites, Southern Tibet

TitleGeochemical and geochronological constraints on the origin and emplacement of the Yarlung Zangbo ophiolites, Southern Tibet
Authors
Issue Date2004
PublisherGeological Society Publishing House. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/sp
Citation
Geological Society Special Publication, 2004, v. 218, p. 191-206 How to Cite?
AbstractThe Indus-Yarlung Zangbo suture zone in southern Tibet marks the Eocene collision of the Indian continent and the Lhasa Block of Eurasia. It is characterized, particularly in its central portion, by an east-west belt of ophiolitic and related oceanic volcanic and sedimentary rocks that form a number of structurally juxtaposed geological terranes. Although tectonically disrupted in many places, almost complete ophiolite sequences exist at Luobusa and Zedong in the east and near Xigaze in the west. In Luobusa, the opbiolite sequence is thrust over the Tertiary molasse deposits of the Luobusa Formation or onto plutonic rocks of the Gangdese batholith. A mantle sequence dominates the ophiolite massif and consists chiefly of harzburgite and clinopyroxene-bearing harzburgite with abundant podiform chromitites enveloped by dunite. The Luobusa ophiolite formed the basement to an intra-oceanic volcanic arc, the Zedong terrane, which developed between the Mid-Jurassic and Mid-Cretaceous. Farther to the west, complete ophiolite sequences exist at Dazhuqu and near Xigaze. These ophiolites have suprasubduction zone geochemical signatures but there is no apparent development of a volcanic arc. Sensitive high-resolution ion microprobe U-Pb zircon analyses yield an age of 126 Ma for the crystallization of a quartz diorite from the Dazhuqu massif. Amphibolites that occur as large blocks in mélanges at the base of the ophiolites are considered to be remnants of dynamothermal metamorphic soles produced early in the ophiolite obduction process. Ar/Ar geochronology on amphibole and biotite separates from these rocks yields ages of 80 and 90 Ma, respectively, for this event, which is considered to have occurred as the Indian continental margin entered the intra-oceanic subduction zone. Continued northward subduction of the remaining portion of the Neo-Tethyan ocean floor beneath the southern margin of Eurasia produced the Gangdese continental arc on the southern margin of the Lhasa Block and led to the final closure of the ocean with the collision of India and Eurasia in the Eocene. © The Geological Society of London 2003.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/151173
ISSN
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.747
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMalpas, Jen_HK
dc.contributor.authorZhou, MFen_HK
dc.contributor.authorRobinson, PTen_HK
dc.contributor.authorReynolds, PHen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-26T06:18:04Z-
dc.date.available2012-06-26T06:18:04Z-
dc.date.issued2004en_HK
dc.identifier.citationGeological Society Special Publication, 2004, v. 218, p. 191-206en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0305-8719en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/151173-
dc.description.abstractThe Indus-Yarlung Zangbo suture zone in southern Tibet marks the Eocene collision of the Indian continent and the Lhasa Block of Eurasia. It is characterized, particularly in its central portion, by an east-west belt of ophiolitic and related oceanic volcanic and sedimentary rocks that form a number of structurally juxtaposed geological terranes. Although tectonically disrupted in many places, almost complete ophiolite sequences exist at Luobusa and Zedong in the east and near Xigaze in the west. In Luobusa, the opbiolite sequence is thrust over the Tertiary molasse deposits of the Luobusa Formation or onto plutonic rocks of the Gangdese batholith. A mantle sequence dominates the ophiolite massif and consists chiefly of harzburgite and clinopyroxene-bearing harzburgite with abundant podiform chromitites enveloped by dunite. The Luobusa ophiolite formed the basement to an intra-oceanic volcanic arc, the Zedong terrane, which developed between the Mid-Jurassic and Mid-Cretaceous. Farther to the west, complete ophiolite sequences exist at Dazhuqu and near Xigaze. These ophiolites have suprasubduction zone geochemical signatures but there is no apparent development of a volcanic arc. Sensitive high-resolution ion microprobe U-Pb zircon analyses yield an age of 126 Ma for the crystallization of a quartz diorite from the Dazhuqu massif. Amphibolites that occur as large blocks in mélanges at the base of the ophiolites are considered to be remnants of dynamothermal metamorphic soles produced early in the ophiolite obduction process. Ar/Ar geochronology on amphibole and biotite separates from these rocks yields ages of 80 and 90 Ma, respectively, for this event, which is considered to have occurred as the Indian continental margin entered the intra-oceanic subduction zone. Continued northward subduction of the remaining portion of the Neo-Tethyan ocean floor beneath the southern margin of Eurasia produced the Gangdese continental arc on the southern margin of the Lhasa Block and led to the final closure of the ocean with the collision of India and Eurasia in the Eocene. © The Geological Society of London 2003.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherGeological Society Publishing House. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/spen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofGeological Society Special Publicationen_HK
dc.titleGeochemical and geochronological constraints on the origin and emplacement of the Yarlung Zangbo ophiolites, Southern Tibeten_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailMalpas, J: jgmalpas@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailZhou, MF: mfzhou@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityMalpas, J=rp00059en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityZhou, MF=rp00844en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1144/GSL.SP.2003.218.01.11en_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-2942607246en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros93755-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-2942607246&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume218en_HK
dc.identifier.spage191en_HK
dc.identifier.epage206en_HK
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMalpas, J=7006136845en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhou, MF=7403506005en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridRobinson, PT=7403720506en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridReynolds, PH=7201378946en_HK

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