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Article: Review of global 2.1-1.8 Ga orogens: Implications for a pre-Rodinia supercontinent

TitleReview of global 2.1-1.8 Ga orogens: Implications for a pre-Rodinia supercontinent
Authors
KeywordsCollisional Orogen
Cratons
Paleo-Mesoproterozoic Supercontinent
Reconstruction
Issue Date2002
PublisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/earscirev
Citation
Earth-Science Reviews, 2002, v. 59 n. 1-4, p. 125-162 How to Cite?
AbstractAvailable lithostratigraphic, tectonothermal, geochronological and paleomagnetic data from 2.1-1.8 Ga collisional orogens and related cratonic blocks around the world have established connections between South America and West Africa; Western Australia and South Africa; Laurentia and Baltica; Siberia and Laurentia; Laurentia and Central Australia; East Antarctica and Laurentia, and North China and India. These links are interpreted to indicate the presence of a supercontinent existing before Rodinia, referred to herein as Columbia, a name recently proposed by Rogers and Santosh [Gondwana Res. 5 (2002) 5] for a Paleo-Mesoproterozoic supercontinent. In this supercontinent, the Archean to Paleoproterozoic cratonic blocks were welded by the global 2.1-1.8 Ga collisional belts. The cratonic blocks in South America and West Africa were welded by the 2.1-2.0 Ga Transamazonian and Eburnean Orogens; the Kaapvaal and Zimbabwe Cratons in southern Africa were collided along the ∼ 2.0 Ga Limpopo Belt; the cratonic blocks of Laurentia were sutured along the 1.9-1.8 Ga Trans-Hudson, Penokean, Taltson-Thelon, Wopmay, Ungava, Torngat and Nagssugtoqidian Orogens; the Kola, Karelia, Volgo-Uralia and Sarmatia (Ukrainian) Cratons in Baltica (Eastern Europe) were joined by the 1.9-1.8 Ga Kola-Karelia, Svecofennian, Volhyn-Central Russian and Pachelma Orogens; the Anabar and Aldan Cratons in Siberia were connected by the 1.9-1.8 Ga Akitkan and Central Aldan Orogens; the East Antarctica and an unknown continental block were joined by the Transantarctic Mountains Orogen; the South and North Indian Blocks were amalgamated along the Central Indian Tectonic Zone; and the Eastern and Western Blocks of the North China Craton were welded together by the ∼ 1.85 Ga Trans-North China Orogen. The existence of Columbia is consistent with late Paleoproterozoic to Mesoproterozoic sedimentary and magmatic records. The ∼ 2.0 Ga fluvio-deltaic deposits have been found in all cratonic blocks in South America and West Africa, and they are interpreted to have formed within foreland basins during the latest stage of the 2.1-2.0 Ga Transamazonian-Eburnean collisional event that resulted in the assembly of South America and West Africa. In Laurentia and Baltica, a 1.8-1.30 Ga subduction-related magmatic belt extends from Arizona through Colorado, Michigan, South Greenland, Sweden and Finland to western Russia. The occurrence of temporally and petrologically similar rocks across a distance of thousands of kilometers between these continents supports the existence of a Paleo-Mesoproterozoic supercontinent. Accretion, attenuation and final breakup of this supercontinent were associated with the emplacement of 1.6-1.2 Ga anorogenic anorthosite-mangerite-charnockite-rapakivi (AMCR) suites, 1.4-1.2 Ga mafic dyke swarms and the intrusion of kimberlite-lamproite- carbonatite suites throughout much of the supercontinent. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/151088
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 6.991
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 3.752
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Gen_US
dc.contributor.authorCawood, PAen_US
dc.contributor.authorWilde, SAen_US
dc.contributor.authorSun, Men_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-26T06:16:56Z-
dc.date.available2012-06-26T06:16:56Z-
dc.date.issued2002en_US
dc.identifier.citationEarth-Science Reviews, 2002, v. 59 n. 1-4, p. 125-162en_US
dc.identifier.issn0012-8252en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/151088-
dc.description.abstractAvailable lithostratigraphic, tectonothermal, geochronological and paleomagnetic data from 2.1-1.8 Ga collisional orogens and related cratonic blocks around the world have established connections between South America and West Africa; Western Australia and South Africa; Laurentia and Baltica; Siberia and Laurentia; Laurentia and Central Australia; East Antarctica and Laurentia, and North China and India. These links are interpreted to indicate the presence of a supercontinent existing before Rodinia, referred to herein as Columbia, a name recently proposed by Rogers and Santosh [Gondwana Res. 5 (2002) 5] for a Paleo-Mesoproterozoic supercontinent. In this supercontinent, the Archean to Paleoproterozoic cratonic blocks were welded by the global 2.1-1.8 Ga collisional belts. The cratonic blocks in South America and West Africa were welded by the 2.1-2.0 Ga Transamazonian and Eburnean Orogens; the Kaapvaal and Zimbabwe Cratons in southern Africa were collided along the ∼ 2.0 Ga Limpopo Belt; the cratonic blocks of Laurentia were sutured along the 1.9-1.8 Ga Trans-Hudson, Penokean, Taltson-Thelon, Wopmay, Ungava, Torngat and Nagssugtoqidian Orogens; the Kola, Karelia, Volgo-Uralia and Sarmatia (Ukrainian) Cratons in Baltica (Eastern Europe) were joined by the 1.9-1.8 Ga Kola-Karelia, Svecofennian, Volhyn-Central Russian and Pachelma Orogens; the Anabar and Aldan Cratons in Siberia were connected by the 1.9-1.8 Ga Akitkan and Central Aldan Orogens; the East Antarctica and an unknown continental block were joined by the Transantarctic Mountains Orogen; the South and North Indian Blocks were amalgamated along the Central Indian Tectonic Zone; and the Eastern and Western Blocks of the North China Craton were welded together by the ∼ 1.85 Ga Trans-North China Orogen. The existence of Columbia is consistent with late Paleoproterozoic to Mesoproterozoic sedimentary and magmatic records. The ∼ 2.0 Ga fluvio-deltaic deposits have been found in all cratonic blocks in South America and West Africa, and they are interpreted to have formed within foreland basins during the latest stage of the 2.1-2.0 Ga Transamazonian-Eburnean collisional event that resulted in the assembly of South America and West Africa. In Laurentia and Baltica, a 1.8-1.30 Ga subduction-related magmatic belt extends from Arizona through Colorado, Michigan, South Greenland, Sweden and Finland to western Russia. The occurrence of temporally and petrologically similar rocks across a distance of thousands of kilometers between these continents supports the existence of a Paleo-Mesoproterozoic supercontinent. Accretion, attenuation and final breakup of this supercontinent were associated with the emplacement of 1.6-1.2 Ga anorogenic anorthosite-mangerite-charnockite-rapakivi (AMCR) suites, 1.4-1.2 Ga mafic dyke swarms and the intrusion of kimberlite-lamproite- carbonatite suites throughout much of the supercontinent. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/earscireven_US
dc.relation.ispartofEarth-Science Reviewsen_US
dc.rightsEarth-Science Reviews. Copyright © Elsevier BV.-
dc.subjectCollisional Orogenen_US
dc.subjectCratonsen_US
dc.subjectPaleo-Mesoproterozoic Supercontinenten_US
dc.subjectReconstructionen_US
dc.titleReview of global 2.1-1.8 Ga orogens: Implications for a pre-Rodinia supercontinenten_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailZhao, G: gzhao@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailSun, M: minsun@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityZhao, G=rp00842en_US
dc.identifier.authoritySun, M=rp00780en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S0012-8252(02)00073-9en_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0036851649en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros80021-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0036851649&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume59en_US
dc.identifier.issue1-4en_US
dc.identifier.spage125en_US
dc.identifier.epage162en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000179684400006-
dc.publisher.placeNetherlandsen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhao, G=7403296321en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCawood, PA=7004146041en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWilde, SA=35254758600en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSun, M=25932315800en_US

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