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Article: Waterproof of rock joint with lead strip for splitting tuff sheet in ancient China quarrying caverns
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TitleWaterproof of rock joint with lead strip for splitting tuff sheet in ancient China quarrying caverns
 
AuthorsYang, ZF2
Zhang, LQ2
Yue, ZQ1
Zhang, ZJ2
Yang, TY4
Lin, XJ4
Tao, KJ2
Zhu, JW3
 
KeywordsWaterproof
Tuff
Splitting
Joints
Lead strips
Quarry
Rock cavern
Sealant
 
Issue Date2012
 
PublisherZhongguo Kexue Zazhishe. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.scichina.com:8082/sciEe/EN/volumn/current.shtml
 
CitationScience China Technological Sciences, 2012, v. 55 n. 4, p. 960-969 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11431-011-4732-2
 
AbstractThis paper presents the relics of rock joints caulked with lead strips, unearthed by the authors in 2007 and 2008. The relics were in ancient quarry caverns in Shepan Island, Zhejiang Province, eastern China. The quarry activities were mainly carried out for production of regular tuff stone plates about 800 years ago. Each of the lead strips was sealed into a rock joint by punching manually and carefully. At present, the lead strips still contact tightly with the rock joints and new mineral cerussite is found to have formed at the contact surfaces between the lead strip and its caulked rock joint. The use of lead strips caulking rock joints in quarry caverns is found for prevention of water from seeping out of the country rocks into quarry cavern bases, where all of the in-situ intact tuff rock was manually and near-horizontally split into thin rock sheets one by one for production of regular tuff plates. Furthermore, it is found that the tensile splitting of tuff sheets at the cavern base required the intact rocks at the cavern base had to be dry. Through this horizontal base splitting for tuff sheets from the top to the bottom, a dome-shape interior space was formed for each rock cavern with the near horizontal imprints of thin sheet layers permanently on the sidewalls. © Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012.
 
ISSN1674-7321
2013 Impact Factor: 1.113
2013 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.509
 
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11431-011-4732-2
 
ISI Accession Number IDWOS:000301595600013
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Natural Science Foundation of China40902088
40672190
China Postdoctoral Science Foundation20110490580
Funding Information:

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 40902088, 40672190) and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 20110490580).

 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorYang, ZF
 
dc.contributor.authorZhang, LQ
 
dc.contributor.authorYue, ZQ
 
dc.contributor.authorZhang, ZJ
 
dc.contributor.authorYang, TY
 
dc.contributor.authorLin, XJ
 
dc.contributor.authorTao, KJ
 
dc.contributor.authorZhu, JW
 
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-26T06:06:26Z
 
dc.date.available2012-06-26T06:06:26Z
 
dc.date.issued2012
 
dc.description.abstractThis paper presents the relics of rock joints caulked with lead strips, unearthed by the authors in 2007 and 2008. The relics were in ancient quarry caverns in Shepan Island, Zhejiang Province, eastern China. The quarry activities were mainly carried out for production of regular tuff stone plates about 800 years ago. Each of the lead strips was sealed into a rock joint by punching manually and carefully. At present, the lead strips still contact tightly with the rock joints and new mineral cerussite is found to have formed at the contact surfaces between the lead strip and its caulked rock joint. The use of lead strips caulking rock joints in quarry caverns is found for prevention of water from seeping out of the country rocks into quarry cavern bases, where all of the in-situ intact tuff rock was manually and near-horizontally split into thin rock sheets one by one for production of regular tuff plates. Furthermore, it is found that the tensile splitting of tuff sheets at the cavern base required the intact rocks at the cavern base had to be dry. Through this horizontal base splitting for tuff sheets from the top to the bottom, a dome-shape interior space was formed for each rock cavern with the near horizontal imprints of thin sheet layers permanently on the sidewalls. © Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012.
 
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext
 
dc.identifier.citationScience China Technological Sciences, 2012, v. 55 n. 4, p. 960-969 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11431-011-4732-2
 
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11431-011-4732-2
 
dc.identifier.epage969
 
dc.identifier.hkuros206925
 
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000301595600013
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Natural Science Foundation of China40902088
40672190
China Postdoctoral Science Foundation20110490580
Funding Information:

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 40902088, 40672190) and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 20110490580).

 
dc.identifier.issn1674-7321
2013 Impact Factor: 1.113
2013 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.509
 
dc.identifier.issue4
 
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84862814520
 
dc.identifier.spage960
 
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/150645
 
dc.identifier.volume55
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherZhongguo Kexue Zazhishe. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.scichina.com:8082/sciEe/EN/volumn/current.shtml
 
dc.publisher.placeChina
 
dc.relation.ispartofScience China Technological Sciences
 
dc.subjectWaterproof
 
dc.subjectTuff
 
dc.subjectSplitting
 
dc.subjectJoints
 
dc.subjectLead strips
 
dc.subjectQuarry
 
dc.subjectRock cavern
 
dc.subjectSealant
 
dc.titleWaterproof of rock joint with lead strip for splitting tuff sheet in ancient China quarrying caverns
 
dc.typeArticle
 
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<item><contributor.author>Yang, ZF</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Zhang, LQ</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Yue, ZQ</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Zhang, ZJ</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Yang, TY</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Lin, XJ</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Tao, KJ</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Zhu, JW</contributor.author>
<date.accessioned>2012-06-26T06:06:26Z</date.accessioned>
<date.available>2012-06-26T06:06:26Z</date.available>
<date.issued>2012</date.issued>
<identifier.citation>Science China Technological Sciences, 2012, v. 55 n. 4, p. 960-969</identifier.citation>
<identifier.issn>1674-7321</identifier.issn>
<identifier.uri>http://hdl.handle.net/10722/150645</identifier.uri>
<description.abstract>This paper presents the relics of rock joints caulked with lead strips, unearthed by the authors in 2007 and 2008. The relics were in ancient quarry caverns in Shepan Island, Zhejiang Province, eastern China. The quarry activities were mainly carried out for production of regular tuff stone plates about 800 years ago. Each of the lead strips was sealed into a rock joint by punching manually and carefully. At present, the lead strips still contact tightly with the rock joints and new mineral cerussite is found to have formed at the contact surfaces between the lead strip and its caulked rock joint. The use of lead strips caulking rock joints in quarry caverns is found for prevention of water from seeping out of the country rocks into quarry cavern bases, where all of the in-situ intact tuff rock was manually and near-horizontally split into thin rock sheets one by one for production of regular tuff plates. Furthermore, it is found that the tensile splitting of tuff sheets at the cavern base required the intact rocks at the cavern base had to be dry. Through this horizontal base splitting for tuff sheets from the top to the bottom, a dome-shape interior space was formed for each rock cavern with the near horizontal imprints of thin sheet layers permanently on the sidewalls. &#169; Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012.</description.abstract>
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<relation.ispartof>Science China Technological Sciences</relation.ispartof>
<subject>Waterproof</subject>
<subject>Tuff</subject>
<subject>Splitting</subject>
<subject>Joints</subject>
<subject>Lead strips</subject>
<subject>Quarry</subject>
<subject>Rock cavern</subject>
<subject>Sealant</subject>
<title>Waterproof of rock joint with lead strip for splitting tuff sheet in ancient China quarrying caverns</title>
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Author Affiliations
  1. The University of Hong Kong
  2. Institute of Geology and Geophysics Chinese Academy of Sciences
  3. Shandong Construction University
  4. Shepandao Hotspring Resort Co., Ltd.