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Article: Waterproof of rock joint with lead strip for splitting tuff sheet in ancient China quarrying caverns

TitleWaterproof of rock joint with lead strip for splitting tuff sheet in ancient China quarrying caverns
Authors
KeywordsWaterproof
Tuff
Splitting
Joints
Lead strips
Quarry
Rock cavern
Sealant
Issue Date2012
PublisherZhongguo Kexue Zazhishe. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.scichina.com:8082/sciEe/EN/volumn/current.shtml
Citation
Science China Technological Sciences, 2012, v. 55 n. 4, p. 960-969 How to Cite?
Abstract
This paper presents the relics of rock joints caulked with lead strips, unearthed by the authors in 2007 and 2008. The relics were in ancient quarry caverns in Shepan Island, Zhejiang Province, eastern China. The quarry activities were mainly carried out for production of regular tuff stone plates about 800 years ago. Each of the lead strips was sealed into a rock joint by punching manually and carefully. At present, the lead strips still contact tightly with the rock joints and new mineral cerussite is found to have formed at the contact surfaces between the lead strip and its caulked rock joint. The use of lead strips caulking rock joints in quarry caverns is found for prevention of water from seeping out of the country rocks into quarry cavern bases, where all of the in-situ intact tuff rock was manually and near-horizontally split into thin rock sheets one by one for production of regular tuff plates. Furthermore, it is found that the tensile splitting of tuff sheets at the cavern base required the intact rocks at the cavern base had to be dry. Through this horizontal base splitting for tuff sheets from the top to the bottom, a dome-shape interior space was formed for each rock cavern with the near horizontal imprints of thin sheet layers permanently on the sidewalls. © Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/150645
ISSN
2013 Impact Factor: 1.113
2013 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.509
ISI Accession Number ID
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Natural Science Foundation of China40902088
40672190
China Postdoctoral Science Foundation20110490580
Funding Information:

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 40902088, 40672190) and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 20110490580).

 

Author Affiliations
  1. The University of Hong Kong
  2. Institute of Geology and Geophysics Chinese Academy of Sciences
  3. Shandong Construction University
  4. Shepandao Hotspring Resort Co., Ltd.
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYang, ZFen_US
dc.contributor.authorZhang, LQen_US
dc.contributor.authorYue, ZQen_US
dc.contributor.authorZhang, ZJen_US
dc.contributor.authorYang, TYen_US
dc.contributor.authorLin, XJen_US
dc.contributor.authorTao, KJen_US
dc.contributor.authorZhu, JWen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-26T06:06:26Z-
dc.date.available2012-06-26T06:06:26Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationScience China Technological Sciences, 2012, v. 55 n. 4, p. 960-969en_US
dc.identifier.issn1674-7321en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/150645-
dc.description.abstractThis paper presents the relics of rock joints caulked with lead strips, unearthed by the authors in 2007 and 2008. The relics were in ancient quarry caverns in Shepan Island, Zhejiang Province, eastern China. The quarry activities were mainly carried out for production of regular tuff stone plates about 800 years ago. Each of the lead strips was sealed into a rock joint by punching manually and carefully. At present, the lead strips still contact tightly with the rock joints and new mineral cerussite is found to have formed at the contact surfaces between the lead strip and its caulked rock joint. The use of lead strips caulking rock joints in quarry caverns is found for prevention of water from seeping out of the country rocks into quarry cavern bases, where all of the in-situ intact tuff rock was manually and near-horizontally split into thin rock sheets one by one for production of regular tuff plates. Furthermore, it is found that the tensile splitting of tuff sheets at the cavern base required the intact rocks at the cavern base had to be dry. Through this horizontal base splitting for tuff sheets from the top to the bottom, a dome-shape interior space was formed for each rock cavern with the near horizontal imprints of thin sheet layers permanently on the sidewalls. © Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherZhongguo Kexue Zazhishe. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.scichina.com:8082/sciEe/EN/volumn/current.shtml-
dc.relation.ispartofScience China Technological Sciencesen_US
dc.subjectWaterproofen_US
dc.subjectTuffen_US
dc.subjectSplittingen_US
dc.subjectJointsen_US
dc.subjectLead stripsen_US
dc.subjectQuarryen_US
dc.subjectRock cavernen_US
dc.subjectSealanten_US
dc.titleWaterproof of rock joint with lead strip for splitting tuff sheet in ancient China quarrying cavernsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailZhang, LQ: zhanglqlwj@hotmail.comen_US
dc.identifier.emailYue, ZQ: yueqzq@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityYue, ZQ=rp00209en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11431-011-4732-2en_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84862814520-
dc.identifier.hkuros206925-
dc.identifier.volume55-
dc.identifier.issue4-
dc.identifier.spage960en_US
dc.identifier.epage969en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000301595600013-
dc.publisher.placeChina-
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhu, J=23394249600en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTao, K=7102869116en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLin, X=54893006800en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYang, T=47761559400en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhang, Z=35933636900en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYue, Z=7102782735en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhang, L=25623890300en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYang, Z=8288205900en_US

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