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Article: Collection, spillback, and dissipation in pedestrian evacuation: A network-based method

TitleCollection, spillback, and dissipation in pedestrian evacuation: A network-based method
Authors
KeywordsCollection
Dissipation
Evolutionary Network
Pedestrian Evacuation
Spillback
Issue Date2011
PublisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/trb
Citation
Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 2011, v. 45 n. 3, p. 490-506 How to Cite?
AbstractWe present a method of predicting pedestrian route choice behavior and physical congestion during the evacuation of indoor areas with internal obstacles. Under the proposed method, a network is first constructed by discretizing the space into regular hexagonal cells and giving these cells potentials before a modified cell transmission model is employed to predict the evolution of pedestrian flow in the network over time and space. Several properties of this cell transmission model are explored. The method can be used to predict the evolution of pedestrian flow over time and space in indoor areas with internal obstacles and to investigate the collection, spillback, and dissipation behavior of pedestrians passing through a bottleneck. The cell transmission model is further extended to imitate the movements of multiple flows of pedestrians with different destinations. An algorithm based on generalized cell potential is also developed to assign the pedestrian flow. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/150548
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.769
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 3.905
ISI Accession Number ID
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Natural Science Foundation of China70821061
71001047
National Basic Research Program of China2006CB705503
Inner Mongolia University
Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, ChinaHKU7184/10E
Funding Information:

We extend our sincere thanks to the anonymous referees for their constructive comments. The work described in this paper was jointly supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (70821061 and 71001047), the National Basic Research Program of China (2006CB705503), the Program of Higher-level Talents of Inner Mongolia University (Z20090113), and the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (HKU7184/10E).

References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorGuo, RYen_US
dc.contributor.authorHuang, HJen_US
dc.contributor.authorWong, SCen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-26T06:05:37Z-
dc.date.available2012-06-26T06:05:37Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.identifier.citationTransportation Research Part B: Methodological, 2011, v. 45 n. 3, p. 490-506en_US
dc.identifier.issn0191-2615en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/150548-
dc.description.abstractWe present a method of predicting pedestrian route choice behavior and physical congestion during the evacuation of indoor areas with internal obstacles. Under the proposed method, a network is first constructed by discretizing the space into regular hexagonal cells and giving these cells potentials before a modified cell transmission model is employed to predict the evolution of pedestrian flow in the network over time and space. Several properties of this cell transmission model are explored. The method can be used to predict the evolution of pedestrian flow over time and space in indoor areas with internal obstacles and to investigate the collection, spillback, and dissipation behavior of pedestrians passing through a bottleneck. The cell transmission model is further extended to imitate the movements of multiple flows of pedestrians with different destinations. An algorithm based on generalized cell potential is also developed to assign the pedestrian flow. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/trben_US
dc.relation.ispartofTransportation Research Part B: Methodologicalen_US
dc.rightsNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication inTransportation Research Part B: Methodological. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 2011, v. 45 n. 3, p. 490-506. DOI: 10.1016/j.trb.2010.09.009-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subjectCollectionen_US
dc.subjectDissipationen_US
dc.subjectEvolutionary Networken_US
dc.subjectPedestrian Evacuationen_US
dc.subjectSpillbacken_US
dc.titleCollection, spillback, and dissipation in pedestrian evacuation: A network-based methoden_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailWong, SC:hhecwsc@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityWong, SC=rp00191en_US
dc.description.naturepostprinten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.trb.2010.09.009en_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-79951512606en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros184853-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-79951512606&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume45en_US
dc.identifier.issue3en_US
dc.identifier.spage490en_US
dc.identifier.epage506en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000288421400003-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGuo, RY=24337817000en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHuang, HJ=35248222100en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, SC=24323361400en_US
dc.identifier.citeulike8182888-

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