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Article: Route choice in pedestrian evacuation under conditions of good and zero visibility: experimental and simulation results

TitleRoute choice in pedestrian evacuation under conditions of good and zero visibility: experimental and simulation results
Authors
KeywordsDiscrete space representations
Evacuation
In-buildings
Microscopic pedestrians
Pedestrian evacuations
Issue Date2012
PublisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/trb
Citation
Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 2012, v. 46 n. 6, p. 669-686 How to Cite?
AbstractThe route choice of pedestrians during evacuation under conditions of both good and zero visibility is investigated using a group of experiments conducted in a classroom, and a microscopic pedestrian model with discrete space representation. Observation of the video recordings made during the experiments reveals several typical forms of behavior related to preference for destination, effect of capacity, interaction between pedestrians, following behavior and evacuation efficiency. Based on these forms of behavior, a microscopic pedestrian model with discrete space representation is developed. In the model, two algorithms are proposed to describe the movement of pedestrians to a destination under conditions of both good and zero visibility, respectively. Through numerical simulations, the ability of the model to reproduce the behavior observed in the experiments is verified. The study is helpful for devising evacuation schemes and in the design of internal layouts and exit arrangements in buildings that are similar to the classroom. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/149074
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.769
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 3.905
ISI Accession Number ID
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Natural Science Foundation of China71001047
70821061
Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, ChinaHKU7184/10E
Funding Information:

The work described in this paper was jointly supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71001047 and 70821061) and the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (HKU7184/10E).

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorGuo, RYen_US
dc.contributor.authorHuang, HJen_US
dc.contributor.authorWong, SCen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-22T06:20:07Z-
dc.date.available2012-06-22T06:20:07Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationTransportation Research Part B: Methodological, 2012, v. 46 n. 6, p. 669-686en_US
dc.identifier.issn0191-2615-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/149074-
dc.description.abstractThe route choice of pedestrians during evacuation under conditions of both good and zero visibility is investigated using a group of experiments conducted in a classroom, and a microscopic pedestrian model with discrete space representation. Observation of the video recordings made during the experiments reveals several typical forms of behavior related to preference for destination, effect of capacity, interaction between pedestrians, following behavior and evacuation efficiency. Based on these forms of behavior, a microscopic pedestrian model with discrete space representation is developed. In the model, two algorithms are proposed to describe the movement of pedestrians to a destination under conditions of both good and zero visibility, respectively. Through numerical simulations, the ability of the model to reproduce the behavior observed in the experiments is verified. The study is helpful for devising evacuation schemes and in the design of internal layouts and exit arrangements in buildings that are similar to the classroom. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/trb-
dc.relation.ispartofTransportation Research Part B: Methodologicalen_US
dc.subjectDiscrete space representations-
dc.subjectEvacuation-
dc.subjectIn-buildings-
dc.subjectMicroscopic pedestrians-
dc.subjectPedestrian evacuations-
dc.titleRoute choice in pedestrian evacuation under conditions of good and zero visibility: experimental and simulation resultsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailGuo, RY: buaa_guorenyong@126.comen_US
dc.identifier.emailWong, SC: hhecwsc@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityWong, SC=rp00191en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.trb.2012.01.002-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84860886490-
dc.identifier.hkuros200326en_US
dc.identifier.volume46en_US
dc.identifier.issue6-
dc.identifier.spage669en_US
dc.identifier.epage686en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000304892400001-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-
dc.identifier.citeulike10547836-

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