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Article: A clinical audit for postoperative pain control on 1443 surgical patients.

TitleA clinical audit for postoperative pain control on 1443 surgical patients.
Authors
Issue Date1995
PublisherTaiwan Society of Anesthesiologists (中華民國麻醉學會). The Journal's web site is located at www.anesth.org.tw
Citation
Acta Anaesthesiologica Sinica, 1995, v. 33 n. 3, p. 137-148 How to Cite?
麻醉學雜誌, 1995, v. 33 n. 3, p. 137-148 How to Cite?
AbstractBACKGROUND: Moderate to severe pain occurs in 75 to 100% of patients after major operations. Pain control techniques, for examples the patient controlled analgesia (PCA) and epidural analgesia, are effective in relieving postoperative pain. Routine delivery of these pain control techniques to patients undergoing operations can be provided by an anaesthesiologists-based acute pain service (APS). METHODS: This manuscript audited postoperative pain management service to 1369 ethnic Chinese patients and 74 patients of other races, over a 30 mon period in a teaching hospital in Hong Kong. The APS was prioritized to elderly patient (36.1%, aged 65 or higher), patients of poor physical condition (27.0% ASA III or IV) and those undertaken major operations. Most patients (1348, 93.4%) received either one of the four standardized analgesic regimens including PCA or epidural analgesia. RESULTS: The median verbal quantitative scale of pain (VQS) at rest/movement were 2.0/4.3 on operative day and 0/0.6 on 4th postoperative day. The morphine consumption in 665 Chinese patients (PCA intravenous morphine) was 26.1 +/- 14.3 mg/kg/h (mean +/- SD) during the first 20 postoperative hours. This decreased to 18.1 +/- 15.1 at 21th to 44th and 18.5 +/- 14.9 at 45th to 68th hours postoperatively. There was no difference in morphine consumption between Chinese patients and other races. The incidence for nausea and vomiting were 26.5% and 13.3%, respectively. Respiratory derangement occurred in 23 patients (1.9%) and almost always accompanied by somnolence. Most patients (1176, 81.5%) rated their postoperative analgesia on discharge from the care of APS. CONCLUSIONS: Effective and safe postoperative analgesia in Chinese patients can be achieved with currently available pain control techniques such as epidural and PCA. APS is a practicable approach to deliver these techniques to postoperative patients on a routine basis.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/147173
ISSN

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorTsui, SLen_US
dc.contributor.authorLo, RJen_US
dc.contributor.authorTong, WNen_US
dc.contributor.authorYang, JCen_US
dc.contributor.authorO'regan, AMen_US
dc.contributor.authorNg, KFen_US
dc.contributor.authorLamg, CSen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-05-29T06:00:34Z-
dc.date.available2012-05-29T06:00:34Z-
dc.date.issued1995en_US
dc.identifier.citationActa Anaesthesiologica Sinica, 1995, v. 33 n. 3, p. 137-148en_US
dc.identifier.citation麻醉學雜誌, 1995, v. 33 n. 3, p. 137-148-
dc.identifier.issn0529-5769en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/147173-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Moderate to severe pain occurs in 75 to 100% of patients after major operations. Pain control techniques, for examples the patient controlled analgesia (PCA) and epidural analgesia, are effective in relieving postoperative pain. Routine delivery of these pain control techniques to patients undergoing operations can be provided by an anaesthesiologists-based acute pain service (APS). METHODS: This manuscript audited postoperative pain management service to 1369 ethnic Chinese patients and 74 patients of other races, over a 30 mon period in a teaching hospital in Hong Kong. The APS was prioritized to elderly patient (36.1%, aged 65 or higher), patients of poor physical condition (27.0% ASA III or IV) and those undertaken major operations. Most patients (1348, 93.4%) received either one of the four standardized analgesic regimens including PCA or epidural analgesia. RESULTS: The median verbal quantitative scale of pain (VQS) at rest/movement were 2.0/4.3 on operative day and 0/0.6 on 4th postoperative day. The morphine consumption in 665 Chinese patients (PCA intravenous morphine) was 26.1 +/- 14.3 mg/kg/h (mean +/- SD) during the first 20 postoperative hours. This decreased to 18.1 +/- 15.1 at 21th to 44th and 18.5 +/- 14.9 at 45th to 68th hours postoperatively. There was no difference in morphine consumption between Chinese patients and other races. The incidence for nausea and vomiting were 26.5% and 13.3%, respectively. Respiratory derangement occurred in 23 patients (1.9%) and almost always accompanied by somnolence. Most patients (1176, 81.5%) rated their postoperative analgesia on discharge from the care of APS. CONCLUSIONS: Effective and safe postoperative analgesia in Chinese patients can be achieved with currently available pain control techniques such as epidural and PCA. APS is a practicable approach to deliver these techniques to postoperative patients on a routine basis.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherTaiwan Society of Anesthesiologists (中華民國麻醉學會). The Journal's web site is located at www.anesth.org.tw-
dc.relation.ispartofActa anaesthesiologica Sinicaen_US
dc.relation.ispartof麻醉學雜誌-
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshAgeden_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_US
dc.subject.meshMorphine - Adverse Effects - Therapeutic Useen_US
dc.subject.meshPain, Postoperative - Therapyen_US
dc.titleA clinical audit for postoperative pain control on 1443 surgical patients.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailNg, KF:jkfng@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityNg, KF=rp00544en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.pmid7493144-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0029362892en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros15303-
dc.identifier.volume33en_US
dc.identifier.issue3en_US
dc.identifier.spage137en_US
dc.identifier.epage148en_US
dc.publisher.placeTaipei (台北)-

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